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10 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
(A single decision on a group of cases with similar legal problems). Legalized segregation with regard to private property.
Civil Rights Cases of 1883
Due to a narrow interpretation of the Sherman Anti-Trust Act, the court undermined the authority of the federal government to act against monopolies.
U.S. v. E.C. Knight Co.
Re-established the authority of the federal government to fight monopolies under the Sherman Anti-Trust Act.
Northern Securities Co. v. U.S.
Speaking for a widely divided court, Chief Justice Taney ruled that Dred Scott was not a citizen and had no standing in court; Scott's residence in a free state and territory had not made him free since he returned to Missouri; Congress had no power to prohibit slavery in a territory, thus voiding the Missouri Compromise of 1820.
Scott v. Sanford
Declared the income tax under the Wilson-Gorman Tariff to be unconstitutional.
Pollock v. The Farmer's Loan and Trust Co.
Declared state-passed Granger laws that regulated interstate commerce unconstitutional.
Wabash, St. Louis, and Pacific Railway Co. v. Illinois
Ruled that a civilian cannot be tried in military courts while civil courts are available.
Ex parte Milligan
Legalized segregation in publicy owned facilities on the basis of "separate but equal".
Plessy v. Ferguson
Found that Granger law regulations were violations of the Fifth Amendment right to property.
Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul Railroad Co. v. Minnesota
Confirmed the right of the federal government to place tariffs on goods entering the U.S. from U.S. territories on the grounds that "the Constitution does not follow the flag."
"Insular Cases"/Downes v. Bidwell