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11 Cards in this Set

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lords of trade
a standing committee of the Privy Council; appointed to oversee colonial affairs; created by charles II in 1675
dominion of new england
JamesII failed plan of 1686 to combine eight nothern colonies into a single large province, to be governed by a royal appointee with an appointed council but no elective assembly. the plan ended with james's ouster from the english throne and rebellion in massachusetts against Andros's rule.
lords of trade
a standing committee of the Privy Council; appointed to oversee colonial affairs; created by charles II in 1675
dominion of new england
james II failed plan of 1686 to combine eight northern colonies into a single large province, to be governed by a royal appointee with an appointed council but no elective assembly. the plan ended with jame's ouster from the english throne and rebellion in Mass. against Andros's rule.
glorious revolution
bloodless revolt that occurred in england in 1688 when parliamentary leaders invited william or orage, a protestant, to assume the english throne and james II fled to france. james's ouster was prompted by fears that the birth of his son would establish a catholic dynasty in england.
Bill Of Rights
a written summary of inalienable rights and liberties. Parliament passed it in 1689 and it The Bill of Rights comprises the first 10 amendments to the U.S. Constitution. Among their provisions:

the freedoms of speech, press, religion, and the right to assemble peacefully, protest and demand changes (First Amendment)
the right to bear arms (Second Amendment)
the protection against unreasonable searches, seizures of property and arrest (Fourth Amendment)
due process of law in all criminal cases (Fifth Amendment)
the right to a fair and speedy trial (Sixth Amendment)
the protection against cruel and unusual punishment (Eighth Amendment)
the provision that the people retain additional rights not listed in the Constitution (Ninth Amendment).
The Bill of Rights is a series of Amendments to the Constitution and, therefore, is not subject to repeal by Congressional action.
Since the adoption of the Bill of Rights, only 16 more amendments have been added to the Constitution. Although a number of subsequent amendments revised the federal government's structure and operations, most followed the precedent established by the Bill of Rights.
board of trade
committee set up by king william in 1696 that replaced the Lords of Trade as overseers of colonial affairs. the board gathered info. about the colonies and recommended policy changes but had no executive authority.
navigation act of 1696
law that closed loopholes in earlier mercantilist legislation and also created vice-admiralty courts in the colonies.
salutary neglect
is an undocumented, though longstanding, British policy of avoiding strict enforcement of parliamentary laws meant to keep the American colonies subservient to England. Prime Minister Robert Walpole stated in 1688 that if no restrictions were on the colonies, they would flourish. This policy, which spanned from about 1690 to 1750, allowed the actual enforcement of trade relations laws to be lenient. King George III ended this policy through acts such as the Stamp Act and Sugar Act, causing dissentions among the colonists.

It is believed that salutary neglect is a large contributing factor that led to the American Revolutionary War. Since the imperial authority didn't assert the power that it had, the colonists were left to govern themselves. These essentially sovereign colonies soon became accustomed to the idea of self-control. The effects of such prolonged isolation eventually resulted in the emergence of a collective identity that considered itself separate from England.

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salutary_neglect"
house of commons
the lower house of the british parliament, which included representatives elected by england's propertied class.
house of lords
the upper house of the British parliament, where members of the arisocracy were represented.