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13 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Wahington Irving/James Fenimore Cooper
attained international recognition in the 1820s; the nation's first writer of importance to use American scenes and themes; school textbooks now written by Americans; nationalism
Tariff of 1816
enacted for protection, not revenue; GB attempted to hurt American factories by selling their goods for less; tariff put a 20-25% tax on imports; decreased competitions between companies
American System
Henry Clay; 1824; 3 main parts - (1) strong banking system (2) protective tariff (3) network of roads and canals; nationalism; federal funsing vetoed by Madison; individual states had to do construction of their own
Erie Canal
completed by New York in 1825; beginning of individual states creating their own infrastructure
"Era of Good Feelings"
both political parties were getting along; James Monroe was president; misnomer = sectionalism; conflict over slavery, tariffs, internal improvements, etc
Panic of 1819
first financial panic since Washington took office; caused by overspeculation in frontier lands; national bank = financial "devil"; deflation, depression, bankruptcies, bank failures, unemployment, soup kitchens, debtors' prisons
Cumberland (National) Road
begun in 1811; ran from western Maryland to Illinois; improved the land routes to the Ohio Valley
Tallmadge Amendment
slowed Missouri's process of becoming a state; no more slaves could be admitted to Missouri; gradual emancipation of children born to slave parents already there; defeated by slave states in Congress
Missouri Compromise
Henry Clay; Missouri admitted with Maine (free); no slavery north of 36 30 line in Louisiana Purchase; lasted 34 years
Daniel Webster
Dartmouth College vs. Woodward (1819); Dartmouth's most distinguished alumnus; "Godlike"; "Expounding Father"; served in both the House and Senate; federalistic and nationalistic
John Quincy Adams
Secretary of State to James Monroe; nationalistic; only person in cabinet who did not want to discipline the overzealous Jackson; took the offensive and demanded huge concessions from Spain
Florida Purchase Treaty of 1819
Andrew Jackson; Spain ceded Florida and Spanish claims to Oregon; America abandoned claims to Texas
Monroe Doctrine
1823; noncolonization; nonintervention; stated that the era of colonization in the Americas ended