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33 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
population in colonies (1700-1775)
1770:300,000( 20,000 0f this is black)
1775: 2.5 mil...and about .5 mil of this is black. 1775: 90% of pop is rural. Virg, MA, Penn, and Maryland -- most populous colonies
Dr Samuel Johnson
an Englishman mad aboutthe rapidly growing American pop.
ethnic diversity in the colonies
in 1790: 49% (of pop) English.
6% Pennsyl. Dutch (aka German), 7% Scots-Irish
Pennsylvania Dutch
Germans living in Pennsylvania. lived in backcountry. kept to thier native language. not loyal to the crown.
Scots- Irish
Presbyterian Lowlanders. not irish, but they pushed into ireland, but werent prosperous there. so they come to Am and look for land more west and south. readily attack indians they encounter ...and they dont like the british crown who suppressed them.
Andrew Jackson
a Scot-Irish. part of the Regulator movement in N Carolina... which was against eastern dominance of colonial affairs.. later becomes a US president
Michael- Guillame de Creyecoeur
french settler in Am in 1770s. sees mix of cultures and asks "what makes an american?"
poor whites
the lower, poor class in the south... mostly tenant farmers
jayle birds
paupers and convicts who were involuntarily shippes to Am. about 50,000 sent here by Eng
small pox
disease that his 1 in 5 ppl in Am
Cotton Mather
Puritan clergyman and scientist. favored using innoculation for smallpox when most others objected.
the colonial economy
90% of Am industry is agriculture. fishing in New Eng. commerce -- merchants buy stuff from Eng and then sell it to colonists for a big profit.
triangular trade
take a product, and trade it for slaves in Africa. ..then trade the slaves for raw materials... then start the process over again by making a product out of the raw materials
professions in the colonies
there were few skilled laborer, and they were highly prized. ex: a carpenter murdered someone but was freed b/c his work was in demand.
shipbuilding in the colonies
400 new ships made per year... mostly in New Eng. ..b/c shipbuilding is big, lumbering is also very imporant... b/c you need lots of wood to build the ships
trade imbalance between Britain and Am colonies by 1730s
Am pop growing quickly, so they want more Eng products. ...but Eng pop not really growing, so they dont need Am products... so Am sees that they have to seek foreign markets for thier exports and then use the money they get from that to buy Eng products.
Samuel Adams
hung out in taverns where revolutionary talk was often heard.
intercoastal postal system in mid 1700s
slow and infrequent service. sense of privacy (carriers read the letters to pass the time)
Molasses Act
1733. Eng parliament passes law to try to supress Am trade w/ French west Indies.. Am doesnt want to follow it, so they smuggle and bribe to get around it
Religious Census 1775
Congregationalists: 575,000 (mainly in New Eng)
Anglicans: 500,000 (in New york and south mainly)
Presbyterians: 410,000 (mainly on frotier)

...congregat and anglic supported by taxes.
Great Awakening
1730s and 40s...religious revival in colonies. new sects of churches come along b/c ppl are split between staying with old ways or accepting the new. this is the 1st mass movement of the Am ppl
Jonathan Edwards
started Great A in Northampton, MA in 1734... said salvation is not through good deeds, but through dependence on God's grace
George whitefield
very effective evangelical preacher. thinks that ppl are helpless and god is omnipotent
"new light" ministers
emotional and theatrical ministers (like the two above men) who defend the Great A. new light centers of higher learning are est'd : brown, princeton, rutgers, and dartmouth
education in the colonies
not just for elite males (as in Eng)... but most are boys. puritans in New eng are into education so ppl can learn to read the bible. schooling doesnt work so well in south b/c plantations are really far from each other... so tutors are used. education is generally religiously-based
Phillis wheatley
a slave girl poet in boston. works published in a books of poems in Eng. ..influenced by Alexander Pope
ben franklin
wrote poor richard's almanac. launched 1st nondenominational college in Am: U of Pennsylvania. called the '1st civilized American".. also into literature and science
John Peter Zenger
newspaper printer who wrote something negative about the royal governor of NY. alexander hamilton defended zenger in court and won (by appealing the idea of liberty to the jury)
politics in the colonies
most had a 2-house legislative body: 1. council: chosen royally. 2.lower house: chosen by ppl.
counties rule the south. town meetings in new eng. some governors chosen by the ppl, some chosen royally.
Richard bushman
wrote :From Puritan to Yankee (1967). viewed colonial Am and expanding and opening... ie: losing its relig and social structure as they spread to frontier.
gary nash
wrote: The Urban Crucible (1979). said the desparity between rich and poor broke up communities and fueled the Am Revolution
christine heyrman
wrote : Commerce and Culture (1984). says the abandonment of old ways is overstated.. religious beliefs and commercial activity coexisted in 17th and early 18th centuries
edmund s. morgan
wrote : American Slavey, American Freedom (1975) . said that rich and poor whites came together to ensure racial supremecy