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13 Cards in this Set

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Chemical analysis of substances in the blood, e.g., glucose, iron, or calcium determination, protein tests, bilirubin content, and pH.
BLOOD CHEMISTRY TESTS
Any of one of the components of whole blood that has been separated out from the other blood components, such as platelets or clotting factors.
BLOOD FRACTION
a sample of red bone marrow is obtained by needle aspiration and is examined to diagnose disorders of blood-cell formation, leukemia, various marrow infections, and anemias resulting from damage to or failure of the marrow
BONE MARROW BIOPSY
direct transfer of blood from a donor to a recipient, as the recipient's blood is being removed; a technique to treat fetal blood incompatibilities and poisoning victims.
EXCHANGE TRANSFUSION
study of blood
HEMATOLOGY
accumulated, clotted blood in the tissues usually resulting from injury; visible as "black and blue" marks or bruises, eventually absorbed naturally unless infections develop.
HEMATOMA
an inherited disorder of iron overload in which the intestine absorbs too much iron from the diet. The iron builds up in body tissues, where it oxidezes to form compounds that poison those organs.
HEMOCHROMATOSIS
all-inclusive term for a group of proliferative disorders including leukoerythroblastic anemia involving fibrosis of the bone marrow, polycythemia vera, and leukemia
MYELOPROLIFERATIVE DISORDER
chemical filtering technique used to cleanse plasma of specific blood components such as proteins or toxins. MOst important application appears to be removal of antibodies or immune complexes from the blood of individuals with autoimmune disorders.
PLASMAPHERESIS
situation of excessive and harmful levels of bacteria or their toxins in the blood; also called blood poisoning.
SEPTICEMIA
clot digestion
FIBRINOLYSIS
a deficit of platelets
THROMBOCYTOPENIA
SITUATION IN WHICH WIDESPREAD CLOTTING OCCURS IN INTACT BLOOD VESSELS AND THE RESIDUAL BLOOD BECOMES UNABLE TO CLOT. bLOCKAGE OF BLOOD FLOW ACCOMPANIED BY SEVER BLEEDING FOLLOWS. mOST COMMONLY ENCOUNTERED AS A COMPLICATION OF PREGNANCY OR A RESULT OF SEPTICEMIA OR INCOMPATIBLE BLOOD TRANSFUSIONS.
DISSEMINATED INTRAVASCULAR COAGULATION (DIC)