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16 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Neruda
• Won Premio Nobel de literatura
• Was part of the communista party (leftist political views)
o Loyal to Salvador allende (socialista)
o Doesn’t believe in God
• Born in Chile
• Wrote a lot of intelligent love poems
• Isla Negra=Neruda’s house
• “y yo materialista que no cree en el celeste cielo prometido para ningún humano, para este perro o para todo perro creo en el cielo”
o Materialista=comunista
o Communists don’t believe in God but Neruda does for the dog
o He wants to stay connected to his perro so he believes his perro is in heaven
• Un perro ha muerto/mi perro ha muerto
o “mi” is more personal and powerful
o its not just any perro..its HIS perro
• Change in poem’s tone throughout the poem
o The beginning of the poem has a lot of interjeciónes (“Ay”)
o the tristeza is more evidente in the beginning of the poem
o towards the end he says “y eso era todo” because he accepted his perro’s death- he’s writing a catarsis (he’s writing to relieve emotion)
• Strongest line in the poem
o Con esos ojos, más puros que los míos

ojos are the ventanas to the alma
• Metaphors for the dog’s Independence
o “Tuvo hacia mí la amistad de un erizo que conservaba su soberanía”
o the dog had the amistad of a porcupine- he didn’t like to be touched- he liked to be independent- he wasn’t mimado
• Phrases that explain Neruda’s tristeza
o “ay no diré la tristeza en la tierra de no tenerlo más por compañero que para mí jamás fue un servidor”
• Example of a happy memory
o “arriba el aire traspasado de pájaros glaciales y mi perro brincando, hirsuto, lleno de voltaje marino en movimiento: mi perro vagabundo y olfatorio enarbolando su cola dorada frente a frente al océano y su espuma”
• ideas about death in the poem
o death is inevitable and its nothing to be afraid of
o people bury their dogs in the backyard next to maquinas oxidadas
o “ya se fue y lo enterré y eso era todo”
Goya
• Born in Aragón España (norte de España)
• Became sordo and went to live alone in La Quinta de Sordo
• He went crazy and painted on the walls of the quinta de sordo
• Padre de arte moderno because he was the first painter to show emotion in his paintings
• He was a realist painter
• Pintor realista
• He painted royalty which is the best paying job as an artista
Saturno devorando a uno de sus hijos
• Saturno= dios de tiempo
o Death is inevitable and malvado and you should fear it
o You can’t escape the passage of time
o Ate all his sons because he heard that they were going to kill him
o His eyes are abiertos and scary
o His hair is moving which shows that he’s violently eating his son
• Colores oscuros
• All of the light focuses on the body and on saturno’s eyes
• The son looks like a girl which created a lot of contraversy
• The painting also symbolizes the political situation in Spain during the inquisición→ spain is eating its own sons
Los fusilamientos
• Takes place when the french (Napoleón) invaded Spain and killed the indígenas
• Takes place in Madrid
• French soldiers are killing the indígenas
• Goya is painting injustice
• Doesn’t show the faces of the soldiers- anonymous killers
• Victim is dressed in White and yellow (colores de Vaticano)
• Victim’s hands are in the shape of Cristo on the cruz (he’s innocent)
• Latern represents God’s light and the fact that the victim is innocent
• The victim has emtion (padre de arte moderno)
• Churches in the background
• El velorio
o “pasar el noche en vela”
o everybody spends the night with the person’s family
o spend the night awake
• Anuncios
o Obituaries
o The longer and the more obituaries you have the more important and rich you are
o Signifies that the spanish culture is hierarchial
• Funerarios
o Funeral
• Luto
o Mourning clothes
o Its all black
o You have to wear it for an entire year