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9 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
mental disorder
A disturbance in a person's emotions, drives, thought processes, or behavior that (a) involves serious and relatively prolonged distress and/or impairment in ability to function, (b) is not simply a normal response to some event or set of events in the person's environment, and (c) is not explainable as an effect of poverty, prejudice, or other social forces that prevent the person from behaving adaptively, nor as a deliberate decision to act in a way that is contrary to the norms of society
mental set
A habit of perception or thought, stemming from previous experience, that can either help or hinder a person in solving a new problem
The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory. A psychometric personality test that is commonly used for clinical assessment. See assessment, psychometric personality test
Müller-Lyer illusion
A visual size illusion in which a horizontal line looks longer if attached at each end to an outward-extending, V-shaped object, and looks shorter if attached at each end to an inward-extending, V-shaped object
The process of teaching a person what to do, or how to do it, by having the person watch another person (the model) engage in that behavior
motion parallax
The cue for depth perception that stems from the changed view one has of a scene or object when one's head moves sideways to the scene or object; the farther away an object is, the smaller is the change in view.
myelin sheath
A casing of fatty cells wrapped tightly around the axon of some neurons
Single cells in the nervous system that are specialized for carrying information rapidly from one place to another and/or integrating information from various sources; also called nerve cells
A chemical substance released from the axon terminal of a neuron, at a synapse, that influences the activity of another neuron, a muscle cell, or a glandular cell; also called a transmitter.