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510 Cards in this Set

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A
without or absence of

ametria
Ab-
from; away from

abduction
Ad-
to; toward

adduction
An-
without or absence of

anaerobic
Ana-
up; again; backward

anaphoresis
ante-
before

anteflexion
anti-
against

antibacterial
apo-
upon

aponeurotic
bi-
bin
two

bimanual
binary
brady-
slow

bradycardia
cata-
down

catabatic
con-
together

conjugal
contra-
against

contraceptive
de-
from; down from; lack of

debride
dia-
thorough; complete

diameter
dis-
to undo; free from

dislocate
dys-
difficult; labored; painful; abnormal

dysplasia
ecto-
outside; outer

ectocardia
endo-
within

endosalpinx
epi-
on; upon; over

epithelial
eso-
inward

esotropia
eu-
normal; good

eupepsia
ex(o)-
outside; outward

excrete
exophthalmos
extra-
outside of; beyond

extracarpal
hemi-
half

hemidiaphragm
hyper-
above; excessive

hypertension
hypo-
below; incomplete; deficient

hypoglycemic
in-
in; into; not

intubate
infra-
under; below

infrglottic
intra-
within

intravenous
mal-
bad

malabsorption
meso-
middle

mesocolon
meta-
after;beyond;change

metastatic
micro-
small

micronodular
multi-
many

multilobar
neo-
new

neonatal
nulli-
none

nulliparous
pan-
all; total

pancytopenia
para-
beside;beyond;around

pancytopenia
per-
through

percutaneous
peri-
surrounding (outer)

pericardium
poly-
many; much

polyopia
post-
after

postembryonic
pre-
before; infront of

preoperative
pro-
before

prodromal
re-
back

reflux
retro-
back; behind

retrograde
semi-
half

semirecumbent
sub-
under; below

subcutaneous
super-
over; above

superimpose
supra-
above

suprascleral
sym-
together; joined

symbiotic
syn-
together; joined

synergetic
tachy-
fast; rapid

tachycardia
tetra-
four

tetrameric
trans-
through; across; beyond

transurethral
tri-
three

trilocular
ultra-
beyond; excess

ultrasound
uni-
one

uniseptate
-ac
pertaining to

cardiac
-al
pertaining to

femoral
-algia
pain

arthralgia
-apheresis
removal

leukapheresis
-ar
pertaining to

malar
-ary
pertaining to

biliary
-ase
enzyme

alkaline phosphate
-asthenia
weakness

myasthenia
-capnia
carbon dioxide

hypocapnia
-cele
hernia; protrusion

hydrocele
-centesis
surgical puncture to aspirate fluid

amniocentesis
-cidal
killing

suicidal
-coccus (pl. cocci)
berry shaped ( a form of bacterium)

pneumococcus
-crine
separate; secrete

endocrine
-crit
to separate

hematocrit
-cyte
cell

leukocyte
-desis
surgical fixation; fusion

arthrodesis
-eal
pertaining to

calcaneal
-ectasis
stretching out; dilation; expansion

bronchiectasis
-ectomy
excision or surgical removal

tonsillectomy
-emesis
vomiting

hematemesis
-emia
blood condition

anemia
-esis
condition

diaphoresis
-gen
substance or agen that produces or causes

antigen
-genesis
origin; cause

iatrogenesis
-genic
producing; originating; causing

organogenic
-gram
record; x-ray film

echocardiogram
-graph
instrument used to record

radiograph
-graphy
process of recording; xray filming

arteriography
-ia
condiation of diseased or abnormal state

hypoxia
-ial
pertaining to

arterial
-iasis
condition

psoriasis
-iatry
physician; treatment

psychiatry
-ic
pertaining to

apneic
-ician
one who

physician
-ictal
seizure; attack

postictal
-ism
state of

embolism
-itis
inflamation

colitis
-lepsy
seizure

epilepsy
-lysis
loosening; dissolution; separating

hydrolysis
-lytic
destroy; reduce

thrombolytic
-malacia
softening

chondromalacia
-mania
madness; insane desire

pyromania
-megaly
enlargement

hepatosplenomegaly
-metry
measurement

oximetry
-morph
form; shape

polymorph (polymorphonuclear)
-odynia
pain

arthrodynia
-oid
resembling

hyoid
-ologist
one who studies and practices (specialist)

cardiologist
-ology
study of

oncology
-oma
tumor; swelling

hematoma
-oorhagia
rapid flow of blood

menorrhagia
-opia
vision (condition)

myopia
-opsy
to view

biopsy
-orrhaphy
suturing; repairing

herniorrhaphy
-orrhea
flow; excessive discharge

menorrhea
-orrhexis
rupture

capsulorrhexis
-osis
abnormal condition (means increased when used with blood cell word roots)

dermatosis
-ostomy
creation of an artificial opening

colostomy
-otomy
cut into or incision

craniotomy
-ous
pertaining to

parous
-oxia
oxygen

hypoxia
-paresis
slight paralysis

hemiparesis
-pathy
disease

neuropathy
-penia
abnormal reduction in number

cytopenia
-pepsia
digestion

dyspepsia
-pexy
surgical fixation; suspension

urethropexy
-phagia
eating; swallowing

odynophagia
-phobia
abnormal fear of or aversion to specific objects or things

claustrophobia
-phonia
sound or voice

hyperphonia
-phoria
feeling

euphoria
-physis
growth

hypophysis
-plasia
formation; development; a growth

hyperplasia
-plasm
growth; substance; formation

cytoplasm
-plasty
plastic or surgical repair

arthroplasty
-plegia
paralysis

paraplegia
-pnea
breathing

apnea
-poiesis
formation

hematopoiesis
-porosis
passage

osteoporosis
-prandial
meal

postprandial
-ptosis
dropping; sagging; prolapse

splanchnoptosis
-ptysis
spitting

hemoptysis
-salpinx
fallopian tube

hydrosalpinx
-sarcoma
malignant tumor

angiosarcoma
-sclerosis
hardening

atherosclerosis
-scope
instrument used for visual examination

endoscope
-scopic
visual examination

arthroscopic
-scopy
visual examination

colonoscopy
-sepsis
infection

sepsis
-spasm
sudden involuntary muscle contraction

vasospasm
-stalsis
contraction

peristalsis
-stasis
control; stop

hemostasis
-stenosis
constriction; narrowing

stenosis
-thorax
chest

hemithorax
-tocia
birth; labor

dystocia
-tome
instrument used to cut

keratome
-tripsy
surgical crushing
-trophy
nourishment

atrophy
-ule
little

pustule
-uria
urine; urination

pyuria
abdomin
abdoment

abdominal
acanth
thorny, spiny

acanthaceous
acetabul
acetabulum (hip socket)

acetabulum
acou
hearing

acoustic
acr
extremities; height

acral
actin
ray; radius

actinic
aden
gland

adenocarcinoma
adenoid
adenoids

adenoiditis
adren (al)
adrenal gland

adrenal
adrenalectomy
aer
air; gas

aerate
albumin
albumin

albuminaturia
algesi
pain

analgesia
alveoli
alveolus

alveolitis
ambly
dull; dim

amblyopia
amni (on)
amnion

amniocele

amnionic
amyl
starch

amylose
an
anus
andr
male

androgen
angi
vessel

angina
anis
unequal; dissimilar

anisothenic
ankyl
crooked; bent; fused

ankylosed
antr
antrum (cavity, chamber)

antrum
aort
aorta

aortic
aponeur
aponeurosis

aponeurotic
appendix
appendix

appendicitis
arche; archi
first; beginning

archecentric
arteri
artery

arteriography
arteriol
arteriole (small artery)

arteriolosclerosis
arthr
joint

arthritis
articul
joint

articulation
atel
imperfect; incomplete

atelectasis
ather
yellowish; fatty plaque

atherosclerosis
atri
atrium (chamber)

atrioventricular
aur
ear

aural
aut
self

autoantibody
axill
armpit

axilla
azot
urea; nitrogen

azotemia
bacteri
bacteria

bacterial
balan
glans penis

balanitis
bi
life

biology
bil
bile

biliary (duct)
blast
developing cell

blastocyte
blephar
eyelid

blepharoplasty
brachi
arm

brachial (artery)
bronch
bronchus

bronchitis
bronchiol
bronchiole
bucc
cheek

buccal
burs
bursa (cavity)

bursitis
calc
calcium
cancer
cancer
carcin
cancer

carcinoma
cardi
heart

cardiac
carp
carpals (wrist bones)

carpal tunnel
caud
tail; toward the lower part of the body

caudal
cec
cecum

cecal
celi
abdomen (abdominal cavity)

celioenterotomy
cephal
head

cephalad
cerebell
cerebellum

cerebellar
cerebr
cerebrum, brain

cerebromedullary
cerumin
cerumen (earwax)

ceruminal
cervic
cervix

cervical
cheil
lip

cheilitis
chir
hand

chirality
chol
gall; bile

cholecystectomy
cholangi
bile duct

cholangitis
choledoch
common bile duct

choledochitis
chondr
cartilage

chondral
chori
chorion

chorioretinal
chrom
color

chromatogenous
clavic
clavicle (collarbone)
col
colon

colonitis
colp
vagina

colposcopy
coni
dust

doniosis
conjunctiv
conjunctiva
cor
pupil

corectasis
corne
cornea

corneal
coron
heart

coronary
cortic
cortex (outer layer of body organ)

cortical
cost
rib

costicervical
crani
cranium (skull)

cranial
cry
cold

cryotherapy
crypt
hidden

cryptic
culd
culdesac
cutane
skin

subcutaneous
cyan
blue

cyanotic
cyes
pregnancy

cyesis
cyst
bladder; sac

cystic
cyt
cell

cytology
dacry
tear, tear duct

dacryoadenitis
dactyl
fingers or toes

dactylolysis
dent
tooth

dentition
derm
skin

dermis
dermat
skin

dermatology
dextr
right

ambidextrous
diaphor
sweat

diaphoresis
diaphragmat
diaphragm

diaphragmatitis
dipl (o)
two; double

diploid
dips
thirst

dipsosis
disk
intervertebral disk

diskectomy
diverticul
diverticulum

diverticulitis
dors
back (of the body)

dorsal
duoden
duodenum

duodenal
dur
hard; dura mater

dural
dynam
power or strength

dynamogenic
ech
sound

echocardiogram
ectop
located away from usual place

ectopic (pregnancy)
electr
electricity, electrical activity

electrocardiogram
embry
embryo; to be full

embryonic
emmetr
a normal measures

emmetropia
encephal
brain

encephalitis
endocrin
endocrine

endocrinosis
enter
intestines

enteritis
epididym
epididymis

epididymal
epiglott
epiglottis
episi
vulva

episiotomy
epitheli
epithelium

epithelial
erythr
red

erythematous
esophag
esophagus
esthesi
sensation, sensitivity, feeling

anesthesia
eti
cause (of disease)

etiology
faci
face

facioplasty
femor
femur (upper leg bone)

femoral
fet
fetus; unborn child

fetal
fibr
fibrous tissue, fibers

fbroma
fibul
fibula (lower leg)

fibular
gangli
ganglion


ganglia
ganglionated
gastr
stomach

gastritis
ger
old age; aged

geriatric
geront
old age; aged

gerontology
gingiv
gum

gingivitis
glomerul
glomerulus

glomerulonephritis
gloss
tongue

glossoncus
gluc
sweetness; suger

glucose
glyc
sugar

glycerin
glycos
sugar

glycosamine
gnath
jaw

gnathitis
gnos
knowledge

gnosis
gon
seed

gonad
gravid
pregnancy

gravida
gyn
woman

gynopathic
gynec
woman

gynecology
hem
hemat
blood

hemoglobin
hematocrit
hepat
liver

hepatitis
herni
hernia

herniated
heter
other

heterosexual
hidr
sweat

hidradenoid
hist
tissue

histology
hom
same

homogeneous
home
sameness; unchanging

homeostasis
humer
humerus (upper arm bone)

humerus
hydr
water

hydrate, dehydrate
hymen
hymen

hymen
hypn
sleep

hypnogenic
hyster
uterus

hysterectomy
iatr
medicine; physician


iatrogenic
ichthy
fish

icthyoid
ile
ileum

ileotomy
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ileum
ili
ilium

iliosacral
immune
immune

immunodeficiency
iri
iris

iritoectomy
irid
iris

iritis
is (o)
equal; same

isocellular
isch
deficiency; blockage

ischemia
ischi
ischium

ischiorectal
jejun
jejunum

jejunotomy
kal
potassium

hypokalemia
kary
nucleus

karyon
kerat
cornea

keratotomy
kerat
horny tissue; hard

keratosis
kin
movement

kinesis
kinesi
movement; motion

kinesiology
kyph
hump

kyphosis
labi
lips

labium
labyrinth
labyrinth

labyrinthitis
lacrim
tear duct, tear

lacrimal
lact
milk

lactation
lamin
lamina (thin; flat plate or layer)

laminar
lapar
abdomen

laparoscopy
laryng
larynx

laryngitis
later
side

lateral
lei
smooth

leiomyoma
leuk
white

leukemia
lingu
tongue

lingual
lip
fat

lipid
lith
stone; calculus

lithotripsy
lob
lobe

lobular
lord
bent forward

lordosis
lymph
lymph

lymphoma
macr
abnormal largeness

macromolecular
mamm
breast

mastitis
mastoid
mastoid

mastoidotomy
maxilla
maxilla (upper jawbone)

maxillary
meat
meatus (opening)

meatus
melan
black

melanoma
men
menstruation

menstrual
mening
meninges

meningitis
menisci
meniscus (crescent)

meniscus
ment
mind

mental
metr
uterus

metrooptosis
mon(o)
one

monparesis
morph (o)
form; shape

morphology
muc
mucus

mucosal
my
muscle

myasthenia
myc
fungus

mycete
myel
bone marrow; spinal cord

myeloma
myelon
bone marrow; spinal cord

myelonic
myos
muscle

myostroma
narc
stupor

narcotic
nas
nose

nasal
nat
birth

prenatal
necr
death (cells; body)

necrosis
nephr
kidney

nephritis
neur
nerve

neuropathy
noct
night

nocturnal
nyct
night

nycterine
nyctal
night

nyctalopia
ocul
eye

ocular
olig
scanty; few

olguria
omphal
umbilicu; navel

omphaloma
onc
tumor

oncology
onych
nail

onychogenic
oo
egg; ovum

oocyte
oophor
ovary

oophorectomy
ophthalm
eye

opthalmology
opt
vision

optical
or
mouth

oral
orch

orci

orchid
testis; testical

orchilytic
orchiectomy
orchidoncus
organ
organ

organic
orth
straight

orthodontist
oste
bone

osteoporosis
ot
ear

otitis
ox
oxygen

oxidation
pachy
thick

pachycephalic
palat
palate

palatoplegia
pancreat
pancreas

pancreatic
papill
nipple

papillary
par
bear; give birth to; labor

para
parathyroid
parathyroid gland

parathroidoma
part
bear give birth to; labor

postpartum
patell
patella

patellectomy
path
disease

pathology
pector
chest

pectoralgia
ped
child; foot

pediatrics/pedal
pelv
pelvis; pelvic bone

pelvic
perine
perineum
peritone
peritoneum

peritoneal
petr
stone

petrous
phac
lens of eye

phacolysis
phag
eat; swallow

dysphagia
phak
lens of the eye

phakomatosis
phalang (o)
vein

phlebitis
phot
light

photokinetic
phren
mind

phrenology
physi
nature

physiology
plasm
plasma

plasmacyte
pleur
pleura

pleuracentesis
pneum (o)

pneumat

pneumon
lung; air

pneumogastric
pneumathemia
pneumonia
pod
foot

podiatry
poikil (o)
varied; irregular

poikiloblast
poli (o)
gray matter

polioclastic
polyp
polyp; small growth

polypathia
poster
back (of body)

posterior
prim
first

primary
proct
rectum

proctology
prostat
prostate gland

prostatitis
pseud
fake; false

pseudopolyp
psych
mind

psychiatry
pub
pubis

pubic
puerper
childbirth

puerperal
pulmon
lung

pulmonary
pupil
pupil
py
pus

empyema
pyel
renal pelvis

pyelogram
pylor
pylorus (pyloric sphincter)

pylorostomy
pyr
fever; heat

pyrogenic
quadr
four

quadruplets
rachi (o)
vetebra; spinal or vertebral column

rachiocentesis
radi
radius (lower arm bone)
radic

radicul
nerve root

radiculopathy
radicular
rect (o)
rectum

rectocele
ren
kidney

renal
retin
retina

retinosis
rhabd
rodshaped, striated

rhabditis
rhin (o)
nose

rhinitis
rhiz (o)
nerve root

rhizoneure
rhytid
wrinkles

rhytidoplasty
salping (o)
fallopian (uterine) tube

salpingitis
sarc (o)
flesh; connective tissue

sarcocele
scapula
shoulder bone

scapular
sclera
sclera

(hard white part of eye)
sclerectomy
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sclera
scoli
crooked, curved

scoliosis
seb
sebum (oil)

sebaceous
sept (o)
septum (dividing wall; partition)

septum
sial
saliva

salivary
sigmoid
sigmoid

sigmoidoscopy
sinus
sinus

sinusitis
somat (o)
body

somatometry
somn
sleep

insomnia
son
sound

sonogram
sperm

spermat
spermatozoan; sperm

spermiduct
spermatorrhea
sphygm
pulse

sphygmomenometer
spir
breathe; breathing

transpiration
spleen
spleen
spondyl (o)
vertebra; spinal or vertebral column

spondylosis
staped
stapes (middle ear bone)

stapedial
staphyl (o)
grapelike clusters

staphylococcus
stern
sternum

sternal
steth
chest

stethoscope
stomat (o)
mouth

stomatoplasty
strept (o)
twisted chains

streptococcus
Synovi
Synovi synovia; synovial membrane

synovial
System
system

systemic
Tars
tarsals (ankle bones)

metatarsal
Tars(o)
edge of eyelid; tarsal (instep of foot)

tarsitis
Ten
Tend
Tendin
tendon

tendon
tendotomy
tendinitis
Test
testis; testicle

testicular
therm (o)
heat

thermal
thorac
thorax (chest)

thoracic
thromb (o)
clot

thrombus
thym (o)
thymus gland

thymolysis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thymus
thyr

thyroid
thyroid gland

thyroid
thyroiditis
tibi
tibia (lower leg bone)

tibial
tom (o)
cut; section

tomography
ton
tension, pressure

tonicity
tonsil
tonsils

tonsilitis
top (o)
place

topographic
toxic
poison

toxic
trache (o)
trachea

tracheobronchial
trachel (o)
neck (necklike)

trachelitis
trich
hair

trichoid
tympan
eardrum; middle ear

tympanic membrane
uln
ulna (lower arm bone)

ulnar
ungu
nail

ungual
ur
urine; urinary tract

urniary
ureter (o)
ureter

ureteroplasy
urethr
urethra

urethrectomy
urin
urine; urinary tract

urnalysis
uter
uterus

intrauterine
uvul
uvula

uvuloptosis
vagin
vagina

vaginal
valv
valvul
valve

valvula
valvuloplasty
vas(o)
vessel; duct

vasectomy
ven
vein

venous
ventricul
ventricle

ventricular
vertebr (o)
vertebra; (spinal column)

costovertebral
vesic (o)
bladder; sac

vesical
vesicul (o)
seminal vesicles

vesiculation
viscer (o)
internal organs

viscera
vulv
vulva

vulvitis
xanth
yellow

xanthoma
xer (o)
dry

xerosis