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117 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Accusatory
Charging wrongdoing
Analytical
Breaking into comonent parts
Apathetic
Indifferent due to lack of energy or concern
Awe
Solemn wonder
Bitter
Exhibiting strong animosity as a result of pain or grief
Callous
Unfeeling; insensitive to feelings
Capricious
Erratic; unpredictable
Caustic
Intense use of sarcasm
Choleric
Hot-tempered; easily angered
Conciliatory
Agreeable; characterized by appeasement
Condescension
Feeling of superiority
Contemplative
Studying, thinking, reflecting on an issue
Conventional
Lacking spontaneity, originality, or individuality
Critical
Finding fault
Cynical
Questions the basic sincerity and goodness of people
Derisive
Ridiculing; mocking
Didactic
Author attempts to educate or instruct the reader
Disdainful
Scornful
Earnest
Intense and sincere state of mind
Enthusiastic
Excited; passionate
Erudite
Learned; polished; scholarly
Fanciful
Using the imagination
Forthright
Directly frank without hesitation
Gloomy
dark; sad; rejected
Harsh
Critical; severe
Haughty
Proud and vain to the point of arrogance
Humorous
Witty; intentionally funny
Indignant
Marked by anger aroused by injustice
Informal
Loose; casual; familiar
Intimate
Very familiar
Jovial
Happy
Judgemental
Authoritative and often critical opinion
Lyrical
Emotional; full of images; song-like; expressing inner feelings
Malicious
Purposely hurtful
Matter-of-fact
Accepting; not fanciful or emotional
Mock-serious
Satiric
Mocking
Treating with contempt or ridicule
Morose
Gloomy; sullen; surly; despondent
Objective
Unbiased view
Obsequious
Excessively polite; obedient in hopes of gain or favor
Optimistic
Hopeful; cheerful
Patronizing
Air of condescension
Pessimistic
Seeing the worst side of things
Quizzical
Odd, eccentric, amusing
Reflective
Illustrating innermost self
Reverent
Treating subject with honor or respect
Ribald
Offensive in speech or gesture
Ridiculing
Contemptuous banter
Sanguine
Cheerful; confident; optimistic
Sarcastic
Sneering; caustic
Satiric
Scornful and mocking (through immitation)
Sincere
Genuine; without deceit or pretense
Solemn
Deeply earnest; grave
Somber
Gloomy; grave
Strident
Harsh; insistent
Superficial
Shallow; lacking substance
Tongue-in-cheek
Ironic; whimsically exaggerrated
Whimsical
Odd; quirky
Allegory
Symbolic (or abstract) representation of character or story elements
Alliteration
Repitition of consonant sounds in neighboring text
Allusion
Direct or indirect reference to commonly known idea, event, book, or place
Ambiguity
Multiple meaning of passage, phrase, sentence, or word
Analogy
Comparison or similarity between two different things or the relationship between them
Antecedent
Word, phrases, or clause referred to by a pronoun
Aphorism
Terse statement which expresses a general truth or moral principal
Apostrophe
Figure of speech which addresses an absent or imaginary person or personified abstraction
Atmosphere
Emotional mood created by an entire literary work
Clause
Grammatical unit containing a subject and a verb
Colloquial/ colloquialism
Use of slang or informalities in speech or writing
Conceit
Extended metaphor/surprising analogy (unusual comparison)
Connotation
Non-literal associative meaning of a word
Denotation
Strict, literal dictionary definition of a word
Diction
Writer's word choices with regard to their correctness or clarity
Euphemism
Greek for "Good Speech" more agreeable term for unpleasant subject
Extended metaphor
Metaphor developed at great length (yet not a conceit)
Figurative language
Writing or speech not meant to carry literal meaning
Figure of speech
Simile, metaphor, and hyperbole are examples
Generic conventions
Differentiates between an essay and journalistic writing
Genre
Major category into which a literary work fits
Homily
Serious talk, speech, or lecture
Hyperbole
Figure of speech using deliberate exaggeration often comic
Imagery
Terms related to the five senses; how an author creates is important
Inference/infer
To draw a reasonable conclusion from the information presented
Invective
Emotionally violent, verbal denunciation
Irony/ironic
Difference between what appears to be and what is actually true
Loose sentence
Independent clause comes first, followed by dependent grammatical units
Metaphor
Example: This quiz is a piece of cake
Metonymy
Greek for "changed label" or "substitute name"
Mood
Prevailing atmosphere of a work
Narrative
Telling of a story or account of an event
Onomatopoeia
Figure of speech in which natural sounds are imitated by word sounds
Oxymoron
Greek for "pointedly foolish"
Paradox
Statement which appears to be self-contradictory but really carries some truth
Parallelism
Greek roots "beside one another"
Parody
Work which closely imitates the style or content of another with comic effect
Pedantic
Overly scholarly, academic, bookish
Periodic sentence
Sentence that presents its central meaning in a main clause at the end
Personification
Figure of speech in which the author presents or describes animals, concepts, or inanimate objects with human attributes
Point of view
First persion-protagonist, participant, or observer...
Third person omniscient-Narrator with god-like knowledge
Predicate adjective
Adjective clause which follows a linking verb
Predicate nominative
Word or clause which follows a linking verb and complements the subject by renaming it
Prose
Fiction and non-fiction (not poetry/drama)
Repetition
Duplication of elements of language, sounds
Rhetoric
Greek for "orator"; writing effectively
Rhetorical modes
Exposition, argumentation, persuasion, and description
Semantics
Study of the meanings of words
Style
Choices an author makes with regard to diction, syntax, figurative language, and other literary devices
Subordinate clause
Word group which contains both a subject and a verb, but cannot stand alone
Syllogism
Greek for "reckoning together"; deductive system of formal logic
Symbol/symbolism
Object, action, character, or scene that represents something more abstract
Syntax
The way an author chooses to join words into phrases, clauses, or sentences
Theme
Central idea or meaning of work
Thesis
Sentence of group of sentences which express the author's opinion or purpose
Tone
Author's attitude toward his/her material, the audience, or both
Transition
Word or phrase which links different ideas
Understatement
Ironic minimalizing, often humorous
Wit
Intellectually amusing language which surprises or delights