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99 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
axial
relating to head, neck, and trunk, the axis of the body
appendicular
relating to limbs and their attachments to the axis
abdominal
pertaining to the anterior body trunk region inferior to the ribs
antebrachial
pertaining to the forearm
antecubital
pertaining to the anterior surface of the elbow
axillary
pertaining to the armpit
brachial
pertaining to the arm
buccal
pertaining to the cheek
carpal
pertaining to the wrist
cervical
pertaining to the neck region
coxal
pertaining to the hip
crural
pertaining to the leg
digital
pertaining to the fingers or toes
femoral
pertaining to the thigh
frontal
pertaining to the forehead
hallux
pertaining to the great toe
inguinal
pertaining to the groin
mammary
pertaining to the breast
mental
pertaining to the chin
nasal
pertaining to the nose
oral
pertaining to the mouth
orbital
pertaining to the bony eye socket (orbit)
palmar
pertaining to the palm of the hand
patellar
pertaining to the anterior knee (kneecap) region
pedal
pertaining to the foot
pelvic
pertaining to the pelvis region
fibular (peroneal)
pertaining to the side of the leg
pollex
pertaining to the thumb
pubic
pertaining to the genital region
sternal
pertaining to the region of the breastbone
tarsal
pertaining to the ankle
thoracic
pertaining to the chest
umbilical
pertaining to the navel
acromial
pertaining to the point of the shoulder
calcaneal
pertaining to the heel of the foot
cephalic
pertaining to the head
dorsum
pertaining to the back
gluteal
pertaining to the buttocks or rump
lumbar
pertaining to the area of the back between the ribs and hips; the loin
manus
pertaining to the hand
occipital
pertaining to the posterior aspect of the head or base of the skull
olecranal
pertaining to the posterior aspect of the elbow
otic
pertaining to the ear
perineal
pertaining to the region between the anus and external genitalia
plantar
pertaining to the sole of the foot
popliteal
pertaining to the back of the knee
sacral
pertaining to the region between the hips (overlying the sacrum)
scapular
pertaining to the scapula or shoulder blade area
sural
pertaining to the calf or posterior surface of the leg
vertebral
pertaining to the area of the spinal column
superior
above
inferior
below
anterior
front
posterior
back
medial
toward the midline
lateral
away from the midline
cephalad
toward the head
caudal
toward the tail
dorsal
backside
ventral
belly side
proximal
nearer the trunk or attached end
distal
farther from the trunk or point of attachment
superficial (external)
toward or at the body surface
deep (internal)
away from the body surface
sagittal plane
divides the body into right and left parts
frontal plane
divides the front from the back
transverse plane
divides the top of the body from the bottom
dorsal body cavity
subdivided into the cranial cavity and the vertebral (spinal) cavity
ventral body cavity
subdivided into the thoracic cavity and the abdominopelvic cavity
axial part of the body contains?
2 cavities-dorsal and ventral
cranial cavity
contains brain that is encased by skull
vertebral cavity
contains spinal cord that is enclosed by the bony vertebral column
thoracic cavity
contains the lungs and the heart, which is protected by the rib cage
thoracic cavity subdivisions
pleural cavities and pericardial cavity
pleural cavities
contains the lungs
pericardial cavity
encloses the heart and surrounds the esophagus, trachea, and other thoracic organs
abdominopelvic cavity
is seperated from the thoracic cavity by the diaphragm, a dome-shped muscle
abdominopelvic cavity subdivisions
abdominal cavity and pelvic cavity
abdominal cavity
contains the stomach, intestines, spleen, live, and other organs
pelvic cavity
contains some reproductive organs, bladder, and rectum
serosa or serous membrane
double-layered membrane covering the walls of the ventral body cavity and the outer surfaces of the organs it contains; produces a thin lubricating fluid that allows the organs to slide over one another or to rub against the body wall without friction
parietal serosa
the part of the membrane lining the cavity walls, continuous with the visceral serosa
visceral serosa
covers the external surface of the organs within the ventral cavity, continues the parietal serosa
peritoneum
the serosa lining the abdominal cavity and covering its organs
pleura
the serosa lining the the pleural cavity and covering the lungs
pericardium
the serosa lining the pericardial cavity and covering the heart
abdominopelvic quadrants
right upper, right lower, left upper, and left lower
how many abdominopelvic regions?
9
umbilical region
the centermost region, which includes the umbilicus
epigastric region
immediately superior to the umbilical region; overlies most of the stomach
hypogastric (pubic) region
immediately inferior to the umbilical region; encompasses the pubic area
iliac (inguinal)regions
lateral to the hypogastric region and overlying the superior parts of the the hip bones
lumbar regions
between the ribs and the flaring portions of the hip bones; lateral to the umbilical region
hypochondriac regions
flanking the epigastric region laterally and overlying the lower ribs
oral cavity
contains the tongue and teeth; is continuous with the rest of the digestive tube, which opens to the exterior at the anus
nasal cavity
located within and posterior to the nose; is part of the passages of the respiratory system
orbital cavities
located in the skull, they house the eyes and present them in an anterior position
middle ear cavities
lie just medial to an ear drum and is carved into the bony skull; contain tiny bones that transmit sound vibrations to the organ of hearing in the inner ears
synovial cavities
joint cavities; enclosed within fibrous capsules that surround the freely movable joints of the body e.g. those between the vertebrae, and the knee and hip joints; secrete a lubricating fluid that reduces frictions as the enclosed structures move across one another