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68 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
causes of civil war
-territorial expansion and slave free balance
-preserving the union
-tension between states rights and federalism
Lincoln-Douglas Debates
When lincold rose to prominence... Douglas had no moral stand against slavery
John Brown's Raid on Harper's Ferry
No other event convinced South that they could not be a part of the Union. Militia became a fighting machine
Bleeding Kansas/Nebraska
-popular sovereignty
-people of a territory would vote on the issue of slavery
election of Lincoln in 1860
-most momentous in American history
-Republicans nominate Lincoln
-Doesn't get the majority vote
-Signals to South that they must leave Union
Secession order
South Carolina 12/20/1860
Mississippi
Florida
Alabama
Georgia
Louisiana
Texas
Dread Scott- Supreme Court
-slaves have no constitutional rights b/c
-slaves are not citizens
-Fed govn't can't deprive people (south) of their property (slaves) w/out due process law
***Missouri compromise was unconstitutional
The Confederate State of America
-Immediately seized federal property
-didn't have man power to take Fort Sumter in S. Carolina
-South fired shots on a ship trying to resupply the Fort. ship turned back
**FIRST SHOTS OF CIVIL WAR
Crittenden Compromise
-would have guarnteed slavery in the SOuth and allowed it to expand. republicans would not agree
Lincoln's position on South
-Union older than Constitution
-No state could leave it
Ft. Sumter
-confederates win
-want land bc with union in control it kills trade routes and wanted to get rid of the sign of fed authority
Union advantages
population, factories, railroad mileage, farms, money
South advantages
committed white population, most of war was fought in South, some of North advantages werent really advantages, foreign support seemed possible
Nationilistic legislation
benefits the North
Homestead act of 1862
-program whereby citizens could claim 160 acres of land for small fee if they agreed to homestead it
Morrill Land Grant Act of 1862
-transferred federal land to states who could sell the land to finance public education and colleges.
-a&m schools
National Bank Acts 1863-64
-est a new national banking system.
-issued Us. treasury notes as currenct
Raising army in North
-Nat'l Conscription Act 1863
-could pay to get out of draft
-substitute
-draft riots in NYC... lots by Irish
Lincoln as wartime pres
-insurrection so he could send troops w/o asking congress
-incresed reg army w/o receiving legislation
-naval blockade of south
-suspends habeas corpus and ordered military arrest of civilian dissenters
emancipation proclamation of 1863
-shifted moral focus of war
-confiscation act of 1861
-used to motivate and secure the support of such a costly war
-only freed slaves in areas of rebellion b/c it was under war powers
-later codified in 13th amendment
Confiscation act of 1861
-slaves who were used in support of Confederacy would be ocnfiscated by Union
African American Soldiers
186,000 emancipated blacks as soldiers in north
--when captured by South, they were executed
South gov
-when VA seceded the capital of the confederacy moved to VA
-modeled new gov after US gov
-Jefferson Davis as pres
financing war in south
-confederate money was worthless
-income tax
-prices rose 9000%
-food draft-sieze food from farms
conscription in south
-draft law
-900,000 eventually served
-only at very end did they conseder african americans, promising freedom
economy of south
-devestating destruction
-destroyed railroad and industries dependant on them
-major cities impacted
-cotton market hurt
-shortage of food
union
U.S army
more people and resources
**won less battles
General Winfield Scott
-first commander od Union forces
-old Fuss and Feathers from Mexican american war
-not effective in war
General George B. McClellan
-commander of Union armies of the east
-cowardly, refused to act
-no grasp of strategy
General Ulysses S. Grant
-brave, stand up man
-war not a seasonal activity
-recognized that war was deadly
General William T. Sherman
-Supreme Commander of Armies in the West
-WEst point
-war was hell
-delivered Georgia
-March to the Sea
-Savannah as xmas gift to lincoln
-make georgia howl
Confederate
army of the south
General Robert E. Lee
-General in chieff of the confederate forces
-west point
-fine person
-most imp military commanders in world history
General Stonewall Jackson
-distinguished war hero
-very supersitious and religious
-killed by friendly fire
-died at Chancellorville
Battle of BUll Run/ manassas
-first battle
-confederate win
second battle of bull run/ manassas
-confederate win
Morrill Land Grant Act of 1862
-transferred federal land to states who could sell the land to finance public education and colleges.
-a&m schools
National Bank Acts 1863-64
-est a new national banking system.
-issued Us. treasury notes as currenct
Raising army in North
-Nat'l Conscription Act 1863
-could pay to get out of draft
-substitute
-draft riots in NYC... lots by Irish
Lincoln as wartime pres
-insurrection so he could send troops w/o asking congress
-incresed reg army w/o receiving legislation
-naval blockade of south
-suspends habeas corpus and ordered military arrest of civilian dissenters
emancipation proclamation of 1863
-shifted moral focus of war
-confiscation act of 1861
-used to motivate and secure the support of such a costly war
-only freed slaves in areas of rebellion b/c it was under war powers
-later codified in 13th amendment
Confiscation act of 1861
-slaves who were used in support of Confederacy would be ocnfiscated by Union
African American Soldiers
186,000 emancipated blacks as soldiers in north
--when captured by South, they were executed
South gov
-when VA seceded the capital of the confederacy moved to VA
-modeled new gov after US gov
-Jefferson Davis as pres
financing war in south
-confederate money was worthless
-income tax
-prices rose 9000%
-food draft-sieze food from farms
conscription in south
-draft law
-900,000 eventually served
-only at very end did they conseder african americans, promising freedom
economy of south
-devestating destruction
-destroyed railroad and industries dependant on them
-major cities impacted
-cotton market hurt
-shortage of food
union
U.S army
more people and resources
**won less battles
General Winfield Scott
-first commander od Union forces
-old Fuss and Feathers from Mexican american war
-not effective in war
General George B. McClellan
-commander of Union armies of the east
-cowardly, refused to act
-no grasp of strategy
General Ulysses S. Grant
-brave, stand up man
-war not a seasonal activity
-recognized that war was deadly
causes of civil war
-territorial expansion and slave free balance
-preserving the union
-tension between states rights and federalism
Lincoln-Douglas Debates
When lincold rose to prominence... Douglas had no moral stand against slavery
John Brown's Raid on Harper's Ferry
No other event convinced South that they could not be a part of the Union. Militia became a fighting machine
Bleeding Kansas/Nebraska
-popular sovereignty
-people of a territory would vote on the issue of slavery
election of Lincoln in 1860
-most momentous in American history
-Republicans nominate Lincoln
-Doesn't get the majority vote
-Signals to South that they must leave Union
Secession order
South Carolina 12/20/1860
Mississippi
Florida
Alabama
Georgia
Louisiana
Texas
Dread Scott- Supreme Court
-slaves have no constitutional rights b/c
-slaves are not citizens
-Fed govn't can't deprive people (south) of their property (slaves) w/out due process law
***Missouri compromise was unconstitutional
The Confederate State of America
-Immediately seized federal property
-didn't have man power to take Fort Sumter in S. Carolina
-South fired shots on a ship trying to resupply the Fort. ship turned back
**FIRST SHOTS OF CIVIL WAR
Crittenden Compromise
-would have guarnteed slavery in the SOuth and allowed it to expand. republicans would not agree
Lincoln's position on South
-Union older than Constitution
-No state could leave it
Ft. Sumter
-confederates win
-want land bc with union in control it kills trade routes and wanted to get rid of the sign of fed authority
Union advantages
population, factories, railroad mileage, farms, money
South advantages
committed white population, most of war was fought in South, some of North advantages werent really advantages, foreign support seemed possible
Nationilistic legislation
benefits the North
Homestead act of 1862
-program whereby citizens could claim 160 acres of land for small fee if they agreed to homestead it
Antitam, Maryland
-worst single day casualties of the war
-union win
-led to emancipation proclamation
-kept britain and france out of it
Gettysburg, PA
-most celebrated important battle of war and most crucial
-turned war to North
-bloodiest battle in US History, 3 days long