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17 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Enumerated Powers
Powers of the federal gov't (ex: declare war, post offices)
impeach
2/3 of House "brings charges"
then simple majority of Senate to convict
17th amendment
Before: Senators were chosen by the legislature in their state
After: Senators are chosen by popular vote in the state
quorum
minimum number of members that must be present to make a session valid
Federalists
supporters of the constitution, unchanged (more for central gov't)
Antifederalists
Against ratifying the unchanged constitution (wanted major changes) more states righters
coalition
an alliance of groups with dif. interests..Madison said coalitions in larger republics would be more moderate/diverse
Habeas Corpus
An order to produce an arrested person before a judge (unamended constitional liberty: cannot be suspended)
Bill of Attainder
A bill passed by congress/states that declares a person guilty (unamended constitiutional liberty: NO!)
Ex Post Facto law
a law that makes an act illegal even though it was legal at the time committed (unamended constitutional liberty: cannot convict someone because of this)
Guaranteed liberties: Unamended constitution
Habeas Corpus, No Bill of attainder or ex post facto law, trial by jury, equal rights for citizens btwn states, no religious test for office, no law impairing contracts
14th Amendment
Extended bill of rights to states, not just fed govt
Amending Const
Proposed by 2/3 state legis. or conventions
Ratified by 3/4 state legis. or conventions
Line-Item Veto
executives ability to block certain provisions in a bill (advantages for budget, but creates uncertainty)
Marbury vs. Madison
Established judicial review; midnight judges; John Marshall; power of the Supreme Court.
McCulloch vs. Maryland
Established national supremacy; established implied powers; use of elastic clause; state unable to tax federal institution; John Marshall; the power to tax involves the power to destroy.
Gibbons vs. Ogden
Established a broad interpretation of the Commerce Clause; determined Congress power encompassed virtually every form of commercial activity. The Commerce Clause has been the constitutional basis for much of Congress regulation of the economy.