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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The 1833 Supreme Court decisions holding that the Bill of Rights restrained only the national government, not the states and cities
Baron v Baltimore
The 1925 SC decision holding that freedom of press and speech are “fundamental personal rights and liberties protected by the due process clause of the Fourteenth Amendment from impairment by the states” as well as the federal government
Gitlow v New York
The 1971 SC decision that established that aid to church related schools must 1) have a secular legislative purpose, 2) have a primary effect that neither advances nor inhibits religion and 3) not foster excessive government entanglement with religion
Lemon v Kurtzman
The 1962 SC decision holding that state officials violated the First Amendment when they wrote a prayer to be recited by New York’s schoolchildren
Engel v Vitale
A 1963 SC decision holding that a Pen. Law requiring Bible reading in schools violated the establishment clause in the First Amendment
School District of Abington Township, Pennsylvania v Schempp
The 1931 SC decision holding that the First Amendment protects newspapers from prior restraint
Near v Minnesota
A 1919 decision upholding the conviction of a socialist who had urged young men to resist the draft during WWI
Schenck v US
A 1978 SC decision holding that a proper search warrant could be applied to a newspaper as well as to anyone else without necessarily violating the First Amendment
Zurcher v Stanford Daily
A 1957 SC decision ruling that “obscenity is not within the area of constitutionally protected speech or press”
Roth v US
A 1973 SC decision that avoided defining obscenity by holding that community standards be used to determine whether material is obscene in terms of appealing to a “prurient interest’ and being “patently offensive’ and lacking in value
Miller v California
Decided in 1964, this case established guidelines for determining whether public officials and public figures could win damage suits for libel, to do so, individuals must prove that the defamatory statements were made with “actual malice” and reckless disregard for the truth
New York Times v Sullivan
A 1989 case in which the SC struck down a law banning the burning of the American flags on the grounds that such action was symbolic speech protected by the First Amendment
Texas v Johnson
A 1974 case in which the Supreme Court held that a state could not force a newspaper to print replies from candidates it had criticized, illustrating the limited power of government to restrict the print media
Miami Herald Publishing Company v Tornillo
A 1969 case in which the SC upheld the restrictions on radio and television broadcasting, these restrictions on the broadcast media are much tighter than those on the print media because they are only a limited number of broadcasting frequencies available
Red Lion Broadcasting Company v FCC
The SC protected the right to assemble peaceably in this 1958 case when it decided that the NAACP did not have to reveal its membership list and thus subject its members to harassment
NAACP v Alabama
The 1961 SC decision ruling that the Fourth Amendment’s protection against unreasonable searches and seizures must be extended to states as well as the federal government
Mapp v Ohio
The 1966 SC decision that sets guidelines for police questioning of accused persons to protect them against self-incrimination and to protect their right counsel
Miranda v Arizona
The 1963 SC decision holding that anyone accused of a felony where imprisonment may be imposed, however poor he may be, has a right to a lawyer
Gideon v Wainright
The 1976 SC decision that upheld the constitutionality of the death penalty, stating that “It is an extreme sanction, suitable to the most extreme of crimes,” the court did not therefore believe that the death sentence constitutes cruel and unusual punishment
Gregg v Georgia
The 1987 Sc decision that upheld the constitutionality of the death penalty against charges that it violated the Fourteenth Amendment because minority defendants were more likely to receive the death penalty than were White defendants
McCleskey v Kemp
The 1973 SC decision holding that a state ban on all abortions was unconstitutional, the decision forbade state control over abortions during the first trimester of pregnancy, permitted states to limit abortions to protect the mother’s heath in the second trimester and permitted states to protect the fetus during the third trimester
Roe v Wade
a 1992 case in which the Sc loosened its standard for evaluating restrictions on abortion from one of “strict security” of any restraints on a “fundamental right” to one of “undue burden” that permits considerably more regulation
Planned Parenthood v Casey
The 1857 SC decision ruling that a slave who had escaped to a free state enjoyed the no rights as a citizen and that Congress had no authority to ban slavery in the territories
Scott v Sandford
A 1896 SC decision that provided a constitutional justification for segregation by ruling that a Louisiana law requiring “equal but separate accommodations for the White and colored races” was constitutional
Plessy v Ferguson
The 1954 SC decision holding that school segregation in Topeka, Kansas was inherently unconstitutional because it violated the Fourteenth Amendment’s guarantee of equal protection, this case marked the end of legal segregation in the US
Brown v Board of Education
A 1944 SC decision that upheld as constitutional the internment of more than 100,000 Americans of Japanese descent in encampments in WWII
Korematsu v US
The landmark case in 1971 in which the SC for the first time upheld a claim of gender discrimination
Reed v Reed
In this 1976 ruling, the SC established the “medium scrutiny” standard for determining gender discrimination
Craig v Boren
A 1978 SC decision holding that a state university could not admit less qualified individuals solely because of their race
Regents of the University of Cali v Bakke
A 1995 SC decision holding that federal programs that classify people by race, even for ostensibly benign purpose such as expanding opportunities for minorities, should be presumed to be unconstitutional
Adarand Constructors v Pena