Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

95 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
link people to govnm
Political Party
a group of people who hold similar political beliefs and goals and organize to win political elections and to set policy
Party Organization
political party structure and leadership
Party in Government
elected and appointed political officials with political parties
Party in Electorate
citizens who identify with a specific party
voter or candidate who doesn't associate themselves with a party
a meeting of party leaders to select candidates, elect convention delegates and determine strategy (trying to mobilize voters)
Critical Election
important elections; could establish political dominance of a party for a period of years
Two-Party System
political system in which only 2 parties actually have a chance of winning
Duvengers laws
1. the winner of the majority earns the seat (runner ups recieve nothing-> discourages minority parties) 2. dualist theory- for every issue, there are two sides (each side will typically be two different parties)3. culture theories- political culture needs compromise or noting will get done
1. Winner
2. Dualist Theory
3. Culture Theory
Single Member District
electoral district from which a single legislator is choosen (whoever recieves the most votes wins!)
Proportional Representation
a method of voting by which political parties are given legislative representation to their popular vote
Single Issue Party
focuses on ONE issue (ex. Right To Live Party)
Spin Off Party
created when there is a faction in the larger party and some members create their own
Splinter Party
composed of people who broke away from another party
Economic Protest Party
party that protests econonomy(ie. populist party)
National Convention
a convention held every 4 years by each of the major political parties to nominate a presidential candidate; approval of platform (important statement of princible held by party or candidate; GOAL: win supportment
National Committee
organize convention; each party has their own committee; decides how to diversify their money to each candidate
Congressional Campaign Committee
each party has CCC (senators and representatives); finance campagin and election (get the limelight)
the control of or power to make appointments to govnm jobs or the power to grant others political favors
a party leader or elected public official choosen as an uncommitted delegate to a national political convention
Ideological Party
groups bounded together because they share similar things in common
Sponsored parties
parties that are sponsored
Personal Following
a group of people who follow another person because of his/her interests and motives
a public statement of the principles, objectives, nad policy of political parties
Divided Government
split partisan control of Congress and the pesidency
preliminary election in which voters narrow the field
Blanket Primary
each voter gets one ballot and on the ballot lists each party's candidates and voters can vote for either party for office
Closed Primary
must be registered party voters (card- carrying voters)
Open Primary
general public can vote but cannot split the ticket (either all democrat or all republican)
Presidential Primary
a direct primary for the selection of state delegates to a national party convention and the expression of preference for a US presidential nominee
General Election
a regulary scheduled state or national election in which voters elect office holder
Robert M. LaFollette
1902 Wisconsin- first author of state primary low (during progressive era)
Crossover voting
ability to vote for a candidate of another party
Split Ticket
a ticket on which not all the candidates nominated by a party are members of the party
Focus Groups
small group of people led by a mediator (want to find people's views and beliefs on certain situations so the candidate knows what the people want)
practice of scheduling states' primary elections early so that voters can influence outcome
Iowa Caucus
1st caucus of presidential election (will influence voters!)
New Hampshire Primary
1st primary of the season
Super Tuesday
a large number of presidential primarys are held (mostly southern states)
Preference Poll
poll that lists name of the presidential candidates seperate from the delegates
Mandatory Preference Poll
poll that lists candidate and underneath are the delegates promised to them
Electoral College
a body of electors chosen by the voters in each state to elect the president and vice president
a member of the US electoral college
a voting system in which a single winner is chosen in a given constituency by having the msot votes (majority gets all)
Election Day
the 1st Tuesday after the 1st Monday in November on which national elections are held for electors of the president and VP in those years evenly divisble by 4 (on even years constituents elect members of the house for 2yr terms and 1/3 of the senate for 6yr terms)
Faithless Elector
elector who doesn't vote for their designated party's candidate
Federal Election Committee
makes and enforces campaign finance restrictions
Political Action Committee (PAC)
designed to raise and spend money for a candidate or party
organization in political activity through soft money to either support or rebel a candidate
Under IRS
In-Kind Contributions
donating services, materials or space
Independent Expenditures
funds from outside groups that are donated independently (candidate have nothing to do with it) to support a candidate
Hard Money
money raised and spent by individuals, PAC's or party committees for specific political candidates
Soft Money
money raised and spent by organizations that are not coordinated directly with the candidate; money contributed to a political candidate or party that is not subject to federal regulations
Federal Election Campagin Act of 1971 (FECA)
PACs can give up to $5000 to up to 5 members of Congress as long as it is freely given
US v. Newberry
1920-ruled that parties and primaries are not in constitution and therefore Congress cannot regulate them
War Labor Dispute Act of 1943
prevents labor units from directly donating to an individual
Federal Corrupt Practices Act in 1925
addition to FCPA of 1911; expanded to prevent corruptious scandals from happening again (created as a result of TeaPot Dome scandal); parties had to file quartley reports (even in election years)
Hatch Act (Political Activites Act) of 1939
limits contributions to political parties (individuals under federal contract cannot donate money)
Buckley v. Valeo
federal limits on campaign contributions and ruled that spending money to influence elections is a form of constitutionally protected free speech. The court also stated candidates can give unlimited amounts of money to their own campaigns ($1000/person)
Bipartisan Compaign Reform Act of 2002
closed loophole for 527's
redistribution of Congressional seats based on the US census
Westbury v. Sanders
1964- declares first district must hae same number of peope as all others
illegal drawing of mas so one political party is favored
Political Interest Groups
1. share interests/goals 2. organized/structured 3. desire to influence political policy
Disturbance Theory
there are changes with political environment (scares people) so we organize to protect our interests
Selective Benefits
are all about the benefits we will get for a being a member of a group
art of persuading public officials to support your position
Revolving Door Politics
former government officials representing interests in the public sector
Political Action Committee (PAC)
designed to raise and spend money for a candidate or party
PACs give candidate checks written by individuals so that they are not from the PAC
Connected PACs
composed of people who have formed affliation with an established organization
NonConnected PACs
share some interests but NOT connected to an organization
Private Interest Group
work on behalf of a small group of people
Professional Interest Groups
represents a certain type of organization
Public Employee Interest Groups
only care about interests of government employees
Single Issue Interest Groups
connected with only one interest
Direct Technique/Direct Lobbying
interact directly with officials
Indirect Technique/Indirect Lobbying
interact indirectly with officials (interest groups will influence govnm)
interest groups engineer grass root efforts (artifical response)
Amicus Curiae Brief
a written opinion on a judicial case submitted to the court by party whose not involved in the case but cares deeply about the outcome
Federal Regulation Of Lobbying Act of 1946
an act that required anyone hired for the princible of lobbying Congress, must register and file financial reports
Ethics In Government Act of 1978
prevents high or middle govnm officials from starting or joining a lobbying firm from 1 year after leaving
written defination of persons character
oral defination of persons character
lack of care to find sources
Actual Malice
printing information known to be false
Freedom of Information Act of 1966
both the press and the people have access to some government information
Prior Restraint
issuing of judicial restraining order to prevent publishing OR broadcasting of an item
Fairness Doctrine
discussing important public issues must air both sides
Equal Time Rule
candidates must have equal airtime on TV
Right of Rebuttal
court case and broadcasting v. FCC (liberal author wrote a book about conservatives [wanted time to rebute])
Negative Ad
campaign ad that negatively represents a candidate
Media Event
political try to get coverage on television by showing themselves doing something dramatic
Solidary Groups
groups with similar ideas