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41 Cards in this Set

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Alexis de Tocqueville
wrote Democracy in America; believed that democracy worked in US because : 1. US had good soil 2. few govnm restrictions 3. few taxes 4. ability to push westward to find new opportunities
Thought democracy working in America because........
Political Culture
basic beliefs, values and norms about the nation and govnm that is widely shared within the society
Liberty
"freedom"-> people are knowledgable about their rights; personal liberty-> right and power to act, believe, and/or express yourself in a manner of choice
Individualism
political, economical, and social contract that places emphasis and value on the individual rather than society
Political Socialization
process by which people develop their political beliefs and values
Americanism
American way of life; certain ideas and philosphies have been drummed in us; idead of freedom, personal liberty, private ownership, equality
Capitalism
economic system based on private ownership and control the means of production (free enterprise system)
Civil Competence
belief that one can affect govnm policies
Protestant Work Ethic
belive in hard work, saving money, obeying laws, do your best
Orthodox
believes that morality is more important than self-expression, rules come from God
Progressive
believes that personal freedom is more important than tradition; NOT strong in religion
Political Efficacy
citizens capacity to understand and influence political
Internal Efficacy
confidence in your own ability to take party in govnm and society
External Efficacy
the system will respond to what citizens want (not shaped by particular events)
Agents of Socialization
institute in which people learn about the core of their society and culture
Jerry Falwell
Founded moral majority movement(Christian-oriented political lobbying) in 1979; incredibly religious/conservative
Pat Roberston
uber conservative; openly pro-life and con-gay marriage
Liberal
a person slightly left of center on political spectrum; think progress is good; tend to believe preservation of individual rights/freedoms and social and economic problems
Liberalism
belief that people are rational and can use their intelligence to create a better world overcoming natural and social conflicts
Conservative
one who believes and supports traditional values and lifestyles; resists change in status quo
conservatism
set of beliefs that include a limited role for national govnm; believes in helping individuals, supporting tradtional values and lifestyles and are cautious to change
Gender Gap
phase used to describe different voting patterns of men and women
Greying of America
the idea that baby boomer generation is outweighing all other generations
Baby Boomers!
Reapportionment
redistribution of legislative seats
Generational Effect
effect that certain events have on political opinions, thoughts and preferences that single people form a generation
Peer Group
members that share common, relevant social characteristics; shapes attitudes and beliefs (important in socialization process)
Political Spectrum
range of politcal ideas and beliefs
Communism
workers collectively owning the land
Socialists
mized govnm with private ownership of factors of production
Reactionary
a person who favors a return to earlier, more conservative system
Fascism
a totalitarian governmental system led by a dictator and often emphasizes aggressiveness, nationalism, militarism, and racism
Political Ideology
collectively held ideas and beliefs concerning the nature of the ideal political system. economic order, social goals and moral values
Public Opinion
public opinion based on facts about problems, solutions or emotions of a crisis
Public Opinion Polls
polls that measure public opinion on the economy, civil rights and personal conduct
Random Sample Polls
a group of randomley selected people are polled on their opinion
Tracking Poll
tracking people's opinions overtime; tracking a politicans/candidates popularity overtime
Exit Polls
polls conducted after one votes
Latent Public Opinion
political opinion that citizens hold but don't express or act upon
Intensity
strength one feels, for or aganist, a public policy or issue
Fluidity
changing of political opinion as time passes
Australian Ballot
ballot printed with all names (candidates) and policies on the paper and is given in secret