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101 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Palpation
Feels surface of body with Hands
Auscultation
Listens to body sounds to evaluate
Percussion
Tapping on body surface to listen to echo
Metabolism
Sum of all chemical activities in the body
Catabolism
Breakdown of complex chemical substances
Anabolism
Buildup of simple chemical substances
Interstitial Fluids
ECF that fills spaces between cells of tissue
Epidemiology
study of why when and where diseases occur and how they are transmitted
Prone Position
Body lying face down
Supine Position
Body lying face up
Sagittal and Parasagittal Planes
Divides body into left and right sides
Frontal or Coronal planes
Divides body into Anterior and Posterior
Transverse Plane
Divides body into top and bottom
Oblique Plan
Divides the body at an angle
Meninges
lining of cranial cavity and vertebral cavity
Mediastinum
Central part of thoracic cavity
Viscera
Organs inside the thoracic and abdominopelvic cavities
Hydrostatic Pressure
Pressure exerted on the membrane on the side with higher column
Pericentriolar Material Composition and function
Ring shaped complexes made of tubilin surrounding centriols, helps to organize mitotic spindle
Cisternae
Sacs that make up the Golgi
Cis face of Golgi
Entering face of Golgi
Trans face of Golgi
Exiting face of Golgi
4 types of Vesicles and functions
-Transport-moves stuff to other structures
-Transfer-Moves stuff back to medial cisternae
-Membrane-Fuses with plasma memb
-Secretory-moves stuff out of cell
A sequence of 3 nucleotides
Base Triplet
Complementary set of base triplets
Codon
Enzymes within cells that can transfer a phosphate group to activate Protein
Cyclin-dependent Protein Kinases (Cdks)
Protein that switches Cdks on and off
Cyclins
Geriatrics
Branch of Medicine that deals with the care of elderly
Gerontology
Scientific study of problems with aging
Disease characterized by normal aging first year, then rapid aging and death at around 13
Progeria
Rapid acceleration of aging beginning in the person's 20s
Werner Syndrome
Cadherins (Location?)
Glycoproteins that joins cells at Adherens Junctions
Extensive zones of Adherens Junctions
Adhesions belts
Integrins
Glycoproteins that joins cells at Hemidesmosomes
Laminin
What Integrines attach to in a hemidesmosome
Connexins
Forms fluid filled tunnels called Connexons that connect neighboring cells at gap junctions
Pap test
Collection and examination of scraped off epithelial cells from the apical layer
GaGs
Glycosaminoglycans - All the of polysaccharides of Ground substance
Proteoglycans
All of the polysaccharides of ground substance except Hyaluronic Acid
Hyaluronic Acid
Slippery Substance that binds cells together, lubricates joints, and helps maintain shape of eyeballs.
Hyaluronidase
Enzyme that breaks apart hyaluronic acid
Chondroitin Sulfate
provides support and adhesiveness in cartilage, bone, skin and blood vessels
Dermatan Sulfate
Found in skin, tendons, blood vessels, and heart valves
Keratan Sulfate
Found in cornea, bone, and cartilage
Adhesion Proteins
Links ground substance to one another and to cells
Fibronectin
Main type of Adhesion protein that links collagen fibers and ground substance
Reticular Fibers
Thinner than elastic fibers and collagen fibers, provides supporting framework for many soft organs called STROMA
Platelets
Participates in blood clotting
Serous Fluid
watery lubricant that allows organs to glide easily over one another and walls of cavities
Pleura
Serous Fluid that lines thoracic cavity
Pericardium
Serous Fluid that lines heart cavity
Peritoneum
Serous Fluid that lines abdominal cavity
Synovialcytes
Synovial Membrane cells which are closer to synovial cavity
Synovial Fluid
Secreted by synovialcytes, it lubricates and nourishes cartilage on the bones
Fibrosis
Process in which fibroblasts make collage and others that forms scar tissue
Granulation Tissue
Actively growing Tissue
Adhesions
Abnormal joining of tissues formed from scar tissues
Stratum Germinativum
AKA Stratum basale
Skin Graft
Covering a wound with a patch of healthy skin taken from a donor site
Psoriasis
Keratinocytes divide and move more quickly than normal, and the immature keratinocytes forms flaky crust on epidermis
Dermal Papillae
Increases surface area of Papillary Region and contains capillary loops
Corpuscles of touch or Meissner Corpuscles (Location?)
Nerve endings that are sensitie to touvh found in some Dermal Pappilae
Striae
Stretch marks found on skin surface
Lines of Cleavage
Predominant direction of collagen fibers, esp important to plastic surgeons
Dermatoglyphics
Study of fingerprints
Nevus
Mole
Vitiligo
Michael Jackson's disease
If skin is Cyanotic
Lack of oxygen
If skin is Jaundice
Build up of yellow pigment bilirubin indicating liver disease
If skin is Pallor
Pale. Occurs in shock of anemia
Depilatory
Cream that dissolves proteins in hair shaft
Electrolysis of Hair
Electric current is used to destroy hair matrix
Hair Root Plexuses
dendrites of neurons that are sensitive to touch
Androgenic Baldness
Male-pattern Baldness
Sebum
Oily secretions of sebaceous glands.
Cystic Acne
Acne that causes a cyst which scars the epidermis
Difference between Insensible and Sensible perspiration
1 is sweat that evaporates from skin before it is percieved

2 lots of sweat that is seen as moisture
Hyponychium
Thickened region beneath free edge that secures nail to fingertip
Blood reservoir is found in what part of skin?
Dermis
Contact Inhibition
When migration of epidermal cells stop when they come in contact in epidermal injury
Inflammatory Phase of Healing
Blood clot forms and unites edge, and white blood cells and phagocytes invade the zone
Migratory Phase of Healing
Clot becomes a scat and epithelial cells migrate below to bridge wound and make granulation Tissue
Proliferative Phase of Healing
Extensive growth of epithelial cells beneath the scab
Maturation Phase of Healing
Scab falls off and everything returns to normal
Hypertrophic Scar
A raised scar that remains within the wound bounderies
Keloid Scar
A raised scar that extends into normal surrounding tissues
Epidermis is derived from which Embryonic tissue?
Ectoderm
Dermis is derived from which Embryonic Tissue?
Mesoderm
Function of Yellow bone marrow
Consists mainly of adipose cells which store triglycerides as energy reserve
Medullary Cavity
Cavity of bone in diaphysis
Endosteum
Thin membrane that lines Medullary cavity
Hydroxyapatite
An important mineral salt that contributes to bone hardness
Difference between interstitial lamellae and circumferential lamellae
1 is found between osteons

2 is found to encircle medullary cavity or just beneath the periosteum
How do flat bones develope? Long Bones?
Intramembranous Ossification

Enchondral Ossification
Steps in Intramembranous Ossification (4)
1. Development of Ossification Center
2. Calcification by mineral salts
3. Formation of Trabeculae
4. Development of Periosteum and compact bone surrounds spongy bone
Steps in Endochondral ossification (6)
1. Development of cartilage Model
2. Growth of Cartilage Model
3. Development of primary ossification center
4. Development of Medullary cavity
5. Development of secondary ossification center in epiphysis
6. Formation of Articular cartilage and epiphyseal plate
Difference between development of primary and secondary ossification centers
Primary goes Out to in

Secondary goes in to out
Process of Appositional Growth
1. Ridges in periosteum create groove for blood vessle
2. Ridges Fuse forming periosteum lined tunnel
3. Osteoblasts build new concentric lamellae
4. Bone grows outward and medullary cavity gets larger
Orthodontics
Branch of Dentistry dealing with prevention and correction of teeth
Steps of Bone repair (4)
1.Formation of Fracture Hematoma
2.Fibrocartilaginous callus formation
3. Bony Callus formation
4. Bone remodeling
Normal Blood calcium level
Between 9-11mg/100mL of blood