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52 Cards in this Set

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process in which RNA polymerase uses the genetic info. to assemble mRNA
transcription
template of DNA is (CCG)(ATA)(GGT) name DNA coding strand
DNA coding strand: GGC TAT CCA
template of DNA is (CCG)(ATA)(GGT) name codon of mRNA
codon of mRNA: GGC UAU CCA
template of DNA is (CCG)(ATA)(GGT) name anticodon of tRNA
anticodon of tRNA: CCG ATA GGT
coding strand of DNA is(TTA)(GGA)(CCG)(TAC) name anticodone of tRNA?
anticodone: AAU CCU GGC AUG
Synthesis, storage, transport, and detoxify (also, lipid and protein syntheis) is function of which organelle?
ENDOPLASTIC RETICULUM (ER)
Main function is lipid syntheis
SMOOTH ER
Main function is protein synthesis
ROUGH ER
Main functions are packaging of: lysomal enzymes and proteins or other substances for export from cell or to be used by plasma membrane
GOLGI APPARATUS
Main funciton is to digest worn out organelles and foreign substances, capacity for total cell destruction
LYSOSOME
Main FXN to detoxify alcohol, hydrogen peroxide, and other harmful chemicals
PEROXISOME
Main FXN to produce cellular ATP "power-house of the cell"
MITOCHONDRIA
Supports and moves substances within the cell
CYTOSKELETON
Main FXN: protein synthesis
RIBOSOMES
4 Stages of mitosis in order
Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, and Telophase
Phase of mitosis in which the chromatid pairs separtae and the daughter chromosomes move towards the opposite ends of the cell
Anaphase
G0, G1, S, G2 are also called
Interphase
Replication of DNA occurs primarily in which phase of interphase?
S phase
Cytoplasmic separation of the daughter cells is also called
cellular division
the spreading process of a primary tumor
invasion
dispersion of malignant cells to establish a secondary tumor is calles
METATASIS
packaging of extracellular materials in a vesticle at the cell surface for inportation into the cell is called
ENDOCYTOSIS
this happens when a blood cell is placed in a hypotonic solution
HEMOLYSIS
In a hypertonic solution that is only permeable to the solvent, the cell will ?
CRENATE
4 Primary tissues found in the body
Epithelial, connective, muscle, and neural
tissue type that covers exposed surfaces adn line sinternal passageways and body cavities
EPITHELIAL TISSUE
types of cells that form glandular epithelium that secrete enzymes and buffers in the pancreas and salivary glands
SIMPLE CUBOIDAL EPITHELIUM
type of epithelial tissue found only along the ducts that drian sweet glands
STRATIFIED CUBOIDAL EPITHELIUM
type of epithelial tissue which permits the expansion and recoils after stretching, found in bladder, renal penis, and ureters
TRANSITIONAL EPITHELIUM
Name given to net diffusion of water accross a membrane
OSMOSIS
The reason that dead skin cells are usually shed in thick sheets rather than individually is caused by what cell junction?
DESOSOME
facilitated diffusion differs from ordinary diffusion in that it requires:
CARRIER PROTEINS
Vesticular transport is active or passive?
ACTIVE
The inportation of extracellular materials in vesticles is called
ENDOCYTOSIS
The Sodium-Potassium Pump maintains resting potential by bringing in ____ and pumping out ____. what type of transport is this?
2K+; 3Na+; ACTIVE
Type of transport which requires ATP
ACTIVE
Type of transport which does not require ATP
PASSIVE
Phospolipid bi-layer is called a fluid mosaic model because it contains
PHOSPHOLIPIDS, STEROIDS, PROTEINS, AND CARBOHYDRATES
The nucleus communicates with the cytoplasm through
NUCLEAR PORES
Mucus is an exaple of which type of secretion?
MEROCRINE
Merocrine releases sensible sweat through________
VESTICLES
This type of secretion produce acne ans sebum by desroying the whole gland cells
HOLOCRINE
This loss of cytoplasm produces an odorous secretion
APOCRINE
In this type of junction , 2 cells are held together by connection proteins which let small molecules and ions pass from cell to cell
GAP JUNCTION
This junction prevents water and solutes to pass between cells
TIGHT JUNCTION
3 Basic components of all connective tissues are:
SPECIALIZED CELLS, EXTRACELLULAR PROTEIN FIBERS, AND GROUND SUBSTANCE
3 Classes of connective tissue based on structure and fxn are:
CONNECTIVE TISSUE PROPER, FLUID, AND SUPPORTING
2 Major cell populations found in connective tissue proper are:
FIXED AND WANDERING CELLS
The major purposes of adipose tissue in the body are:
PADDING, CUSHION, AND INSULATION
Connect Muscle to bone
TENDONS
Connect Bone to bone
LIGAMENTS
Bone cells found in the lacunae within the matrix are called
OSTEOCYTES