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18 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
1265-1321; wrote Divine Comedy (1310-1320), in different style than “tragic”; poem referring to 3 parts of the next world
1340-1400; wrote Canterbury Tales (1387-1400), a collection of stories in lengthy, rhymed narrative- depicted interests and behavior of all people
wrote Grand Testament; modern poet, using vernacular of the poor and criminals
1313-1375; wrote Decameron, a collection of 100 tales set during the Black Death
1386-1466; an Italian sculptor who brought back an appreciation of human nature
1450-1564; famous for painting the Sistine Chapel and the Sculpture of David
1337-1446; began putting “perspective” in paintings, the linear representation of distance and space on a flat surface
1466-1536; Christian humanist who wrote “Adages” and “Handbook of Christian Knights”, believed that there was more of a need of inner-faith and not external worship
Thomas More
1478-1535; wrote “Utopia”, of a wonderful and perfect world, and is nowhere to be found because we are human, but as long as we strived towards it, we will get closer to it than not, beheaded by Henry VII
1490?-1553; humorist who wrote Gargantua and Pantagruel, which made fun of contemporary French society
Van Eyck
1366-1441; one of the earliest artists to use oil-based paints successfully, had a love for detail
Louis XI
1423-1483; French king who worked with Henry VII, and Ferdinand and Isabella called “new monarchs” who had a strong sense of royal authority and national purpose; stressed monarchy was the best
Henry VII
1457-1509; king of England who with Louis XI, and Ferdinand and Isabella were called “new monarchs”, did not trust the nobles, and rebuilt the monarchy after the Tudors became popular
Charles VII
1422-1461; revived the monarchy in France after the 100 Years’ War
Cesare Borgia
son of Pope Alexander VI and was hero of The Prince, untied the peninsula and conquered and enforced obedience in the Papal States
Pope Julius II
1503-1513; summoned the ecumenical council to reform the papacy
Henry VIII
1509-1546; “King’s Great Matter”; English (but supported Catholics), married to Catherine who could not produce a male heir, fell in love with Anne Boleyn (she got pregnant), annulled Catherine (through giving Parliament same religious power as papacy), and Anne births boy after 5 tries; King is now head of church
Pope Clement VII
during the Great Schism; after Pope Urban VI was selfish, French cardinals claimed duress and elected Clement, but Urban never stepped down, then after the Councilar movement, Pope John XXIII was elected, but Clement and Urban never stepped down; beared much responsibility for the great spread of Protestantism