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32 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Absolutism
Complete authority given to a sovreign ruler (France)
Parliamentary monarchy
Rule by a king and representative Parliament (England)
James I (England)
Son of Mary Stuart; inherits a larg royal debt and a divided church; seeks independence from Parliament; Protestant background; suspicious foreign policy
Impositions
Custom duties imposed by James I
Millenary Petition
James I declares his intention to further the Anglican Church (despite his Protestant upbringing)
Charles I (England)
Sought income by exparliamentary means; dissolved Parliament when it disagreed with him; began a civil war against Parliament; executed as a criminal
Petition of Right
Declaration of constitutional freedom and expression of resentment to the monarchy (Charles I)

1. No forced loans or taxes
2. No imprisonment without due cause
3. No billeting of troops in homes
Arminians
Group that rejected Puritan doctrine and favored high-church practices; favored by Charles I
Thorough
Administrative centralization (allows Charles I to operate independently of Parliament); instituted by Charles's chief minister, the earl of Strafford
Archbishop Laud
Held high-church views of Anglicanism; religious advisor to Charles I; denied Puritans the right to publish and preach
Short Parliament
Parliament refuses to consider funds for a war against Scotland until Charles I agrees to address a list of grievances
Presbyterians
Moderate Puritans; want higher representative governing bodies
Independents
Extreme Puritans; want complete decentralization and congregational authority
Grand remonstrance
List of over 200 grievances presented to Charles I
Militia Ordinance
Allows Parliament to raise its own army
Cavaliers
Royalist supporters
Roundheads
Parliament's supporters
Solemn League and Covenant
Parliamentary alliance with Scotland; commits both to a Presbyterian system
Oliver Cromwell
Military leader; reorganized the New Model Army; achieved a Parliamentarian victory
Pride's Purge
Colonel Thomas Pride bans Presbyterians from taking their seats in Parliament; the remaining 50 members comprise the Rump Parliament
Charles II (England)
Restored to the throne from exile after the death of Cromwell; had secret Catholic sympathies and favored toleration; converts on his deathbed
Clarendon Code
Excludes Catholics from religious and political life
Treaty of Dover
England and France ally against the navigation-law-breaking Dutch; Charles II vows to anounce his conversion to Catholicism in exchange for a subsidy from Louis XIV
Declaration of Indulgence (the first)
Suspended laws of intolerance of Catholic/Protestant nonconformists; repealed when Parliament refuses to fund Charles's war with the Dutch
Test Act
Required officials of the crown to swear an oath against transubstantiation; aimed at James, duke of York (heir to the throne and devout Catholic)
Popish plot
Titus Oates swears that Charles's Catholic wife was planning to kill Charles so that James could take the throne
James II (England)
Devout Catholic; seeks absolute power; forced to flee to France by his daughter's husband, Willian of Orange
Declaration of Indulgence (the second)
Permits free worship in England (instituted by James II)
Glorious Revolution
William of Orange brings an army to England to "preserve traditional liberties," but finds no opposition; James II flees; William and Mary become the the new monarchs of England
Bill of Rights
Limited powers of the monarchy; guaranteed civil liberties of the privileged classes; Parliament must meet every three years and cannot be dissolved without its own consent; Catholics are banned from the throne - forever
Toleration Act of 1689
Permitted the worship of all Protestants, but outlawed Catholics and antitrinitarians
Act of Settlement
Provided that the crown goes to the Protestant House of Hanover in Germany if Queen Anne outlives her children; King George I becomes the German king of England