Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/67

Click to flip

67 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
ch19

abolished the parlements and increase taxes on nobility; program of reform; doom was death of Louis XV
Rene Maupeau

ch19#1
ch19

produced public report that financial situation not that bad; expences for American war are removed; revelaed a portion of royal expenditures went to aristocrats and favorites; made ot difficult for later gov. officials to claim need to raise new taxes
Jacques Necker

ch19#2
ch19

proposed to encourage internal trade, lower taxes
Charles Alexandre de Calonne

ch19#3
ch19

taxes -like on salt
Gabelle

ch19#4
ch19

aristocrats and church; Calonne tries to seek support for plan; they refused action but demanded more share of gov
Assembly of Notables

ch19#5
ch19

replaced Calonne; found that situation was as bad as Calonne said; sought to impose land tax
Etienne Charles Lemenie de Breinne

ch19#6
ch19

Brienne appeals to them; to approve large subsidy to allow funding of that part of debt coming due for payment; refused and reduced existing contribution
Assembly of Clergy

ch19#7
ch19

Assembly of Clergy reducing existing contributions
don gratuit

ch19#8
ch19

French aristocracy froced Louis to call into order; the political situation changed-forces unleashed
Estates General

ch19#9
ch19

clergy
First Estate

ch19#10
ch19

nobliity
Second Estate

ch19#11
ch19

everyone else in kingdom
Third Estate

ch19#12
ch19

catures spirit of third estate: it is everything. use to be nothing and now wants to become something
Abbe Sieyes/ "What is the Third Estate"

ch19#13
ch19

lists of grievances that representatives brought to royal palace
cahiers de doleances

ch19#14
ch19

king requested 1/2 estate meet with NA; where voting would occur--assembly of all three orders
June 27th: National Assembly

ch19#15
ch19

oath to continue to sit until they had given France a constitution
Tennis Court Oath

ch19#16
ch19

composed of all three estates who shared liberal goals and reform
National Constitution Assembly

ch19#17
ch19

lower class people march there in search of weapons; were shot at; stormed castle; no weapons
July 14th: Fall of Bastille

ch19#18
ch19

attack on Bastille-days on which the populace of Paris redirected course of revolution
journess

ch19#19
ch19

rumers spread of troops sent to rural districts; intenseified peasant revolts---burning of records etc. and refusal to pay feudal dues
Great Fear/ chateaux

ch19#20
ch19

men born free and equal; etc; set forth a statement of political principles
"Declaration of the Rights of Man"

ch19#21
ch19

in Declaration of Right; the natural rights of man
"liberty, property, security and resistance to opposition"

ch19#22
ch19

armed women marched o Versailles demanding more bread; king agreed to danction decrees; 1st example of pop insurrection
Parisian Women's march

ch19#23
ch19

product of National Con. Assembly; establish constitutional monarchy; monarch allowed to suspensive veto
Constitution of 1791

ch19#24
ch19

major political authority on nation--all laws originate; power of peace and war
Legislative Assembly

ch19#25
ch19

men paying annumal taxes equal to 3 days of local labor wages
active citizens

ch19#26
ch19

those who could not vote--women
passive citizens

ch19#27
ch19

addressed to Queen Marie Antoinette-women be reguarded as citizens
1791: Olympe de Gouges: "Declaration of the Rights of Women"

ch19#28
ch19

created after old french provences were abolished; named after river, mountain, etc.; equal in size
83 depatrments

ch19#29
ch19

assembly crushed attempts of urban workers to protect their wages--forbade workers associations
June 14, 1791: Chapelier Law

ch19#30
ch19

assembly didn't repudiate royal debt; secided to finance it by confiscating ans selling RC property; results are fruther inflation, svhis, civil war
confiscation of the church lands

ch19#31
ch19

after plunder, assembly issues gov bonds--value guaranted by the revenue generated from property sale
December 1789: assignates

ch19#32
ch19

transformed RCC in France into branch of secular state; bishops reduced; provided for election of priests
July 1790: Civil Constitution of the Clergy

ch19#33
ch19

clergy who did't take oath to support Civil Constitution
"refractory" priest

ch19#34
ch19

aristocrates who left France ans settled in countries near border where they sought to foment counterrevolution
"emigres"

ch19#35
ch19

left paris; recognized in Varennes; soldiers escorted family back; NCA announced that king had been abducted
Louis flight to Varennes

ch19#36
ch19

Emperor Leopold II and Fredrick William II--promised to intervene in France to protect royal family if other major Euro powers agreed
Auguest 27, 1791: Declaration of Pillmitz

ch19#37
ch19

best organized of Third Estates clubs composed of political people; established network of local clubs over provences
Jacobins

ch19#38
ch19

In Legislative Assembly-a group of Jacobins assumed leadership called what; determined to oppose counterrevolution; ordered emigers to return
Girondists

ch19#39
ch19

group of women watn right to bear arms and to fight for protection of the revolution
March 1791: Pauline Leon Petition

ch19#40
ch19

Griondists declare war on Austria gov by Francis II allied with Prussia
April 20, 1792: Declaration of War: France vs?

ch19#41
ch19

commander; inssued manisfesto promising destruction fo Paris is harm came to French royal family; stiffened support for war
July 1792: the duke of Brunswick (Prussia)

ch19#42
ch19

destruction of Paris if king harmed; stiffened support for war; increased distrust of king
manifesto

ch19#43
ch19

under radical working class presure- the gov of Paris passed form the elected coucil to a committee
Commune

ch19#44
ch19

Paris Commune executed 1,200 people who were in city jails
September Massacres

ch19#45
ch19

Commune compelled LA to call a meeting; write new constitution
September 21, 1792: The Convention

ch19#46
ch19

second revolution work of Jacobins more radical than Girondists known as
Sans-culottes

ch19#47
ch19

Jacobins known as--b/c of their seats high in the assembly hall
The Mountain

ch19#48
ch19

Louis put on trial as this--the family name of extremely distant forebears of the royal family
"citizen capet"

ch19#49
ch19

Irish writer; reguarded reconstruction of French administration as application of blind rationalism that ignored historical realities; forecast future issues
1790: Edmund Burke: "Reflections on the REvolutions in France"

ch19#50
ch19

founded by working class reform group; was surpressed by govt
1792: London Corresponding Society

ch19#51
ch19

allied nature of Austria, Pussia, britian, Spain, Sardinia, and Holland; attempted to protect social structures etc. against revolution
April 1793: First Coalition

ch19#52
ch19

outbreak of war; issue was new political/social order; extreem actions were taken
ch19: Reign of Terror

ch19#53
ch19

carry out executive duties of govt; dictorial power;
April 1793: Committee of Public Safety

ch19#54
ch19

leader in C of PS; powerful member;
Maximilien Robespierre

ch19#55
ch19

a military requisition on the entire populace
Levee en masse

ch19#56
ch19

believed they had socitey that civic virtue would flourish in place of monary corruption; re-name streets, new dress, no whigs, no prostitution
Republic of Virtue

ch19#57
ch19

Leon/Lacombe--fight internal enemies of the revolution; militant citizens
May 1793: Society of Revolutionary Republican Women

ch19#58
ch19

Convention declared Cathedral Notre Dame__
November 1793: Temple of Reason

ch19#59
ch19

definition uncertian; included those who might aid other Euro powers, endangered virtue, and opposed policies
The "enemy" (of the revolution)

ch19#60
ch19

Robespierre thought the worship of "Reason" was too abstract for citizens and created ___; reflected his vision of civic religion that would induce morality
"Cult of the Supreme Being"

ch19#61
ch19

members of Convention shouted him down when he rose to make another speech
July 27: Ninth of Thermidor

ch19#62
ch19

tempering of the revoluton; destruction of the machinery of terror and institution of new constitutional regime; resulat of feeling that revolt had bacome too radical
The Thermidorian Reaction

ch19#63
ch19

executions of former terrorists marked beginning of it
"the white terror"

ch19#64
ch19

dragged suspected terrorists from prisons and murdered them
"bands of Jesus"

ch19#65
ch19

Convention concluded peace with Prussia and Spain
1795: Treaty of Basel

ch19#66
ch19

faced unrest; Babeuf called for more radical democracy; it was intended to resist any fruther social changes in France that might endanger property
The Directory

ch19#67