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104 Cards in this Set

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ch13

term applied to strong centralized monarchies that attempt to make royal power dominant over nobles and other authorities
Absolution

#1 ch13
ch13

-succeeses Elizabeth to throne
-not popular; Scot; divided church; royal debt; difficult situation
James I

#2 ch13
ch13

-James I; advocated divine right of king-expected to rule with minimum consultation beyond court
1598: "A Trew Law of Free Monarchies"

#3 ch13
ch13

-James needed incom; new custom duties levyed on authority of ill-desined privileges claimed to ve attatched to office of king
impositions

#4 ch13
ch13

-older custom duties that Parliament resented
tonnage/ poundage's

#5 ch13
ch13

-Puritians first dealing with James I; statement of their grievances- offened king
1604: Millitary Petition

#6 ch13
ch13

-permitted games of Sunday for people who attemd Church of England services
1618: "Book of sports"

#7 ch13
ch13

-puritans founded in America perferring flight to conformity
1620: Plymouth

#8 ch13
ch13

late 1620's larger better financed puritans form
Massachusetts Bay Colony

#9 ch13
ch13

-influential 'favorite'; rumored to be kings lover; controled royal patronage sold peerages and titles
duke of Buckingham

#10 ch13
ch13

-peace reduced pressures on revenue and power of Parliament over king; subjects viewed peace as sign of pro-catholic
1604: Peace with Spain

#11 ch13
ch13

-daughter of king of Spain; James I tried to mary his son to one
Infanta

#12 ch13
ch13

-for war with Spain levied tariffs adn duties
Charles I

#13 ch13
ch13

tax theoretically to be repaid
forced Loan

#14 ch13
ch13

Parliament expressed displeasure by making kings request for funds conditional on recognition of ___
-declaration of constitutional freedom required that henceforth there should be no forced loans or taxation without parliament consent, and so forth
1628: Petition of Right

#15 ch13
ch13

-term used to condemn Charles high-church policies
"popery"

#16 ch13
ch13

-Charles chief minister; instituted policy known as thorough to allow him to rule without renogotiating financial arrangements with Parliament
Thomas Wentworth

#17 ch13
ch13

-imposed efficiency and administrative centralization; done by Wentworth
thorough

#18 ch13
ch13

tax over all england-normally levied only on costal areas to pay for naval protection
ship money

#19 ch13
ch13

-first Charles religious advisor and then archishop of Canterbury; favored powerful bishops
-denied puritans right to publish and preach
William Laud

#20 ch13
ch13

-Charles and Laud against Puritans and Scots tried to impose Scotland the English episcopal sys. and prayerbook almost identical to ___
Anglican "Book of Common Prayer"

#21 ch13
ch13

Led Parliament to refuse funds for war until king redress list of political nad religious issues
John Pym

#22 ch13
ch13

king in response to Pym and parliament refusal dissolved parliament
Short Parliament

#23 ch13
ch13

when presbyterian Scots invaded england and defeated army at___charles reconvened parliament
1640: Battle of Newburn

#24 ch13
ch13

acted with support; those who supported it resented king and rule; no more takes without permission and such
Long Parliament

#25 ch13
ch13

judgement of treason entailing loss of civil rights
Parliamentary Bill of Attainder

#26 ch13
ch13

parliament to charles; 200 some article summary of popular and parliamentary grievances against crown
1641: Grand Remonstrance

#27 ch13
ch13

gave parliament authority to raise own army in response to Charles invading parliament and then raising his army
militia ordinance

#28 ch13
ch13

charles supporters; locatted NW in england
Cavaliers

#29 ch13
ch13

parliamentary supporters called___b/c of close-cropped hair, located SE
Roundheads

#30 ch13
ch13

committed Parliament with the Scots, to a Presbyterian sys of church gov
-scots could never be confronted with attempt to impose prayerbook on them
1643: Solemn League and Covenant

#31 ch13
ch13

-squire, parliamentary army, favored nither episcopal sys nor Presbyterian-tolerate majority church only if permitted Proterstant disenters to worship outside it
Oliver Cromwell

#32 ch13
ch13

cromwells newly recognized forces-won battle over king at Naseby
New Model Army

#34 ch13
ch13

-barred presbyterians-majority of parliament-from taking their seats;
Colonel Thomas Pride

#35 ch13
ch13

when he bars presbyterian parliament members form seats
"Pride's Purge"

#36 ch13
ch13

fewer than 50 members remained in parliament
"rump"

#37 ch13
ch13

presbyterians kickined out; still used power-executed charles; became revolution
Rump Parliament

#37 ch13
ch13

1649-1660 england became___
dominated by cromwell
Puritian Republic

#38 ch13
ch13

Cromwell military man; irritated at parliament; House of Commons entertained motion to disband his army; responded by marching in and disbanding prliament; ruled after as
Lord Protector

#39 ch13
ch13

cromwell became hated; at death public ready to try republican political; negotiations b/t leaders of the army of charles II
Stuart Restoration

#40 ch13
ch13

-new tone after puritanism; his restoration returned englad statas quo; secret catholic sympathies; favored religious tolerance; free worship loyal to throne
Charles II

#41 ch13
ch13

series of laws- parliament excluded RCC, presbyterians, and Independents from relgious and political life of the nation
Clarendon Code

#42 ch13
ch13

required all imports to be carried either in english ships or in ships registered to country from which cargo orgininated
1651: Navigation Acts

#43 ch13
ch13

England and France formally allied with Dutch; charles secretly pledged to announce conversion to Catholicism and Louis would pay subsidy to england
1670: Treaty of Dover

#44 ch13
ch13

suspended all laws against RCC and Protestant nanconformists but parliament refused to grant money for war
1672: Declaration of Indulgence

#45 ch13
ch13

required all officials of crown to swear oath against doctrine of transubstantiation
Test Act

#46 ch13
ch13

-notorious liar-swore that charles chatholic wife was ploting with jesuits and irishman to kill king-parliament believed him
Titus Oates

#47 ch13
ch13

created by Oates- several people killed
Popish Plot

#48 ch13
ch13

-lead by ealr of Shaftesbury-opposition of parliament-made impressive eddort to enact a bill excluding Hames from succession to throne(unseccessful)
Whigs

#49 ch13
ch13

support king and hereditary succession
Tories

#50 ch13
ch13

-did not know how to make the most of a good thing; disolved parliament; declaration of indulgence; goal absoultion
James II

#51 ch13
ch13

leader of european opposition to louis XIV; invaded-received w/ out opposition;
William III of Orange and Mary

#52 ch13
ch13

william and mary on throne-
"Glorious Revolution"

#53 ch13
ch13

limited power of monarchy and guaranteed civilliberties of english priviliged classes; RC can never occupy throne
Bill of Rights

#54 ch13
ch13

permitted worship by all protestants but outlawd RC and anti-trinitarians
Toleration Acts of 1689

#55 ch13
ch13

provided for english crown to go to protestant house of haover in germany if none of children of Queen Anne, last of staurt monarchs, were alive at her death
1701: Act of Settlement

#56 ch13
ch13

in germany; elector of it became King George I
House of Hanover

#57 ch13
ch13

glorious revolution established framework of gov.
-in work described relationship of king and people as bilateral contrast; if king broke contract, priviliged can depose him
1609: "Second Treatise of Government" John Locke

#58 ch13
ch13

-absolute monarchy; sought glory; centeral authority-worked with nobles (give and take) but king absolute
Louis XIV

#59 ch13
ch13

Louis subjected all subjects to___
"one king, one law, one faith"

#60 ch13
ch13

an agressive ruler who sought glory (the word for glory)
la gloire

#61 ch13
ch13

Henry IV targets to curtail privileges of French nobility
parlements

#62 ch13
ch13

royal servants-subjected these privileged groups to stricter supervision, implementing kings will
-prevent abuses from the sale of royal offices
intendents

#63 ch13
ch13

finance minister-established gov. monopolies on gunpowder, mines, and salt
duke of Sully

#64 ch13
ch13

labor tax that created national force of drafted workers employed to improve roads and internal travel
corvee

#65 ch13
ch13

kings chief advisor; loyal, shrewd, aspired to make France a supreme European power; church best served both his own ambition and welfare of France
Cardinal Richelieu

#66 ch13
ch13

truncated Edict of Nantes by denying Protestants right to maintain garrisoned cities, political organ., indenpendent courts
1629: Peace of Alias

#67 ch13
ch13

reason of state
raison d'etat

#68 ch13
ch13

placed reins of gov. in hands of Cardinal Mazarin; queen mother
Queen Anne of Austria

#69 ch13
ch13

continued Richelieu's policy of centrailzation
Cardinal Marzarin

#70 ch13
ch13

slingshot used by boys; rebellions
Fronde

#71 ch13
ch13

initiated revolt and nobility soon followed
Parlemant of Paris

#72 ch13
ch13

Louis wrote in memoirs that Fronde caused him to hate__
"kings of straw"

#73 ch13
ch13

Bossuet taught-examples old testament rulers divinely appointed by God.
Divine Right of kings

#74 ch13
ch13

tutor-concept of royal authority; traditional rights of king and church against pope in matters of ecclesiastical appointments-taught Louis
Bishop Jacques-Benigne Bossuet

#75 ch13
ch13

I am the state
"L'etat, c'est moi"

#76 ch13
ch13

Louis XIV court-used it to exert political control
Versailles

#77 ch13
ch13

life in France revolved around king like world around sun
Sun King

#78 ch13
ch13

intra-Catholic opposition to theology and political influence of Jesuits
Jansenism

#79 ch13
ch13

Flemish theologian and bishop of Ypres--assailed Jesuit teaching on grace and salvation
Cornelius Jansen, "Augunstine"

#80 ch13
ch13

became Jansenist allies-sdding political elemnt to their theological obj. to Jesuits
-believed that Jesuits had been behind assassination of Henry IV
Arnaulds

#81 ch13
ch13

Arnauld critized Jesuits for confessional practices that permitted easy redress of most sin
1643: On Frequent Commnuion

#82 ch13
ch13

Jesuit response to "On Frequent Communion" condemned Jansenists
"cryto-Calvinist"

#83 ch13
ch13

most famous of all Jansen's followers; objected to Hesuit moral theology; felt that its rationalism failed to do full justice to religion
Bascal, Provinical Letters

#84 ch13
ch13

Louis permitted papal bull; enforced in France, banning Jansenism-they either retracted views or went underground
1666 (1656): Ad Sacram Sedem

#85 ch13
ch13

controller feneral of finances-created economic base Louis needed to finance wars-worked to centralize French economy; tried to organize economic activites under state supervision and regulate
John-Battiste Colbert

#86 ch13
ch13

direct tax on peasents and source of royal income
tallie

#87 ch13
ch13

term invented by later critics of the policy; close gov. of economy; aim max. foreign exports and internal reserves
mercantilism

#88 ch13
ch13

was minister; instituted good salaries in army, improved discipline, limited military commissions and introduced promotion by merit
Louvois

#89 ch13
ch13

military engineering; perfected arts of fortifying and besieging towns; devised sys of trench warfare and developed defensive frontiers; remained basic military tatics through WWI
Sebastien Vauban

#90 ch13
ch13

Louis 1st foreign adventure- fought over his calim to the Spanish Belgin provances
War of Devolution

#91 ch13
ch13

Louis's wife- had to renounce claim to Spanish throne on condition that 500,000 was paid to Louis-not met
Marie Therese

#92 ch13
ch13

England, Sweden, United Holland-force sufficent to compel Louis to agree to peace under Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle
Triple Alliance

#93 ch13
ch13

England and France against Dutch-Triple crumbled-Louis in position to invade Netherlands
1670: Treaty of Dover

#94 ch13
ch13

enemies saw him as such-menance to western Europe
"Christian Turk"

#95 ch13
ch13

ended 2nd war-teritoral adjustments-no clear victoryexcept Netherlands retained all territory
Peace of Nijmwegen: 1678-1679

#96 ch13
ch13

Louis made move to religious conformity-major blunder
1685: Revocation of Edict of Nantes

#97 ch13
ch13

resists French expansion into Germany-England, Spain, Swenden, Holland, Bavaria, Saxony, Palatinate
1686: League of Ausburg

#98 ch13
ch13

long war-league and France-ended when stalement forced them to Peace of Ryseick
Nine Years War

#99 ch13
ch13

Charles II b/c gentitic deformities adn illness
"The Sufferer"

#100 ch13
ch13

England, Holland, HRE-to counter Louis
1701: Grande Alliance

#101 ch13
ch13

total war of western Europe- France not good, Englland well off,
War of Spanish Successon (1701-14)

#102 ch13
ch13

France signed armistice w/ England
1713: Treaty of Utrecht: France/ Britian

#103 ch13
ch13

concluded hostilites w/ Holland and emperor
1714: Treaty of Rastatt: France/ Spain

#104 ch13