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72 Cards in this Set

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ch12

after met, captholics began Jesuit-led internatiojal counteroffensive against Protestant
Council of Trent: 1563

#1 ch12
ch12

revokes Edict of Nates--force Europe to learn lessons of religious wars
Louis XIV

#2 ch12
ch12

rulers- subordinate theological doctrine to political unity, urging toleranec
politiques

#4 ch12
ch 12

Louis XIV- pursuit of political and religious unity
one king, one church, on law

#3 ch12
ch12

-french protestants-term from man who led revolt against House of Savory
Huguenots

#5 ch12
ch12

-subjected french protestants to Inquisition
Edict of Fontainebleau: 1540

#6 ch12
ch12

Hapsburg wars ended with it
Treaty of Cateau-Chambresis: 1559

#7 ch12
ch12

-powerful family that competed for king Frances II with power in south and west
Bourbons

#8 ch12
ch12

powerful family-controlled center of France
Montmorency-Chatillons

#9 ch12
ch12

-strongest of the families and had little trouble establishing control over Frances
Guises

#10 ch12
ch12

-regent for Charles IX; tried to reconcil protestant and catholic factions; sought allies among protestants
Catherine de Medicis

#11 ch12
ch12

granted protestants freedom to worship publicly outside towns and to hold synods
January Edict: 1562

#12 ch12
ch12

-ended in third war-the crow granted Huguenots religious freedoms within territories and right to fortify cities
Peace of Saint-Germaine-en-Laye: 1570

#13 ch12
ch12

-exiled reformer-cause crushed Mary of Guise, and Mary I
-declaired removal of heathen tyrant was christian duty
1558: John Knox/ "First Blast of the Trumpet Against the REgiment of Women"

#14 ch12
ch12

-theory of resistance
-beyond calvins views-justified correction and overthrow of tyrannical rulers
1574: Theodore Beza/ "On the Right of Magistrated Over Their Subjects"

#15 ch12
ch12

-admonished princes, nobels, and magistrated beneth the knig, as guardians of the rights of body politic, to take up arms against tyranny in other lands
1579: Philippe de Plessis Mornay's/"Defense of Liberty Against Tyrants"

#16 ch12
ch12

-formed in 1576 by Henry of Guise ans Huguenots
Catholic League

#17 ch12
ch12

granted the Huguenots almost completre religious and civil freedom
Peace of Beaulieu: 1576

#18 ch12
ch12

Henry IV said whe npublicly abjured protestant faith and embraced traditional religion of country
"Paris is worth a mass"

#20 ch12
ch12

proclaimed formal religious statement
Edict of Nates: 1598

#21 ch12
ch12

ended hostilities betwen france and spain
Treaty of Vervins: 1598

#22 ch12
ch12

-of spain, venice, and pope formed to check Turkish belligerance in Mediterranean
1571: Holy League

#23 ch12
ch12

-largest naval battle of 16th century; Don Jhon engaged Ottoman navy under ALi Pasha at__
1571: Battle of Lepanto

#24 ch12
ch12

-headed regent council; hoped to check protestant gains by internal church reforms; break down local autonomy by stages and establish ventralized governmetn
Cardinal Granville

#25 ch12
ch12

-fusion of political and religious oppostion to Regent Margarets Gov.
-convent drawn up-pledge to resist decrees of Trent and Inquisition
1564: Compromise

#27 ch12
ch12

-Philip determined to make example of Protestant rebels sent him to suppress revolt
-with persecution and taxs his rule sent thousands to flee
Duke of Alba

#28 ch12
ch12
a governor
stadholder

#29 ch12
ch12

international group of anti-spanish exiles and criminals
Sea Beggars

#30 ch12
ch12

-helped form an opposition to spanish overlords who sought to reimpose traditional rule
-placed Netherlands political autonomy above religious creeds
William of Orange

#26 ch12
ch12

protestants led by him-heir to French throne by virtue of marriage to Maragret of Valois
Henry of Navarre

#19 ch12
ch12

the ten Caatholic southern provinces came together with the Protestant norther in unified opposition to Spain
-declared internal regional sovereignty in matters of religion
1576: Pacification of Ghent

#31 ch12
ch12

-southern provinces and within five months made peace with Spain
-later were cause of Counter Reformation
1579: Union of Arras

#32 ch12
ch12

nothern provinces formed this
1579: UNion of Utrecht

#33 ch12
ch12

Catholic;-had popular vote
-unpopular political marriage and pursued foreign policy that cost england last enclave on Calais
-burned a lot of protestants
Mary Tudor

#34 ch12
ch12

teenage daughter of powerful protestant nobleman and granddaughter of Henry VIII's sister Mary
-did not have popular vote
Jane Grey

#35 ch12
ch12

those whom Mary exiled and fled , usually to Germany and Switzerland
-there worshiped in own congregations
Marian Exiles

#36 ch12
ch12

Marys half sister; successes in domestic and foreign policy
Elizabeth I

#37 ch12
ch12

Elizabeths advisor; helped guide religious settlement through Parliament that prevented englands destruction
Sir William Cecil

#38 ch12
ch12

repealing all the anti-Protestant legislation of Mary and asserting Elizabeths right as supreme
1559: Act of Supremacy

#39 ch12
ch12

revision of Cranmers original 42 made a moderate Protertantism the offical religion within Curch of England
1563: Thirty-Ninr Articles of REligion

#40 ch12
ch12

Catholic extremists hoped to replace Elizabeth with
-had unblemished claim to throne
Mary Stuart, Mary of Scots

#41 ch12
ch12

protestants working within the national church to 'purify' in of vestige of popery and to make doctrine percise
Puritans

#42 ch12
ch12

led puritans; popular support; respected man
Thomas Cartwright

#43 ch12
ch12

-puritans worked through Parliament to create alternative national church governed by represenative presbyteries
Presbyteries

#44 ch12
ch12

extrene puritans who wanted congregations to be autonomous
Congregationalists

#45 ch12
ch12

-gave option of either conforming to practices of Curch of england or exile or death
Conventicle Act of 1593

#46 ch12
ch12

-provided english soldiers and cavalery to the Netherlands
1585: Treaty of Nonsuch

#47 ch12
ch12

Scottish reformer
-publicly spoke against Mary's private mass
-won support in role from Eliz. and Cecil
John Knox

#48 ch12
ch12

Eliz. secretary; uncovered plot against her involving Spanish ambassador
1583: Sir Francis Walsingham

#49 ch12
ch12

after man who was caught seeking Spanish support for attempt in queens life
-proof of Mary's involvment
Babingron Plot

#50 ch12
ch12

-successful shelling of port city of Cadiz; attack inflicted damage on Spanish ships
-incapacitated Spain; delayed Spain's invasion of England
Sir Francis Drake

#51 ch12
ch12

invasion barges for transporting Spainish soldiers from galleons to englad were prevented from leaving
Calais/ Dunkirk

#52 ch12
ch12

-swifter english and netherland ships; dispersed waiting spanish fleet
"English Wind"

#53 ch12
ch12

-in HRE was last and most destructive war of religion
-every major european land became invovled; peace terms shaped map of northern europe as we know it
Thirty Years War

#54 ch12
ch12

given each significant degree of sovereignty within own borders
1555: Peace of Augsburg

#55 ch12
ch12

-4 periods--first
Bohemian Period

#56 ch12
ch12

determined to restore Catholic to Hapsburg land; revoked religious freedoms of Bohemian protestants
Hapsburg Ferdinand

#57 ch12
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protestant freedoms broadened by Emperor Rudolf II in
1609: Letter of Majesty

#58 ch12
ch12

protestant nobility response to less freedom
-3 officials fell 50 ft. into dry moat padded with manure
"Defenestration of Prague"

#59 ch12
ch12

-4 periods--second
Danish Period

#60 ch12
ch12

of Denmark-eager to extend influence to North Sea-defeated by Maximilian
Christian IV

#61 ch12
ch12

powerful mercenary-carried Ferdinands campaign to Denmark
Albrect of Wallenstein

#62 ch12
ch12

proclamation that reasserted Catholic safeguards of P. of Augsburg
1629: Edict of Restitution

#63 ch12
ch12

Gustavus move on Germany, France and Sweden ally, Protestants defeated, Treaty of Prague-strengthened Hapsburgs, weakened German prince
Swedish Period

#64 ch12
ch12

unified Lutheran-leader of Protestant forces-opens Swedish period
Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden

#65 ch12
ch12

goal protect France-keeps Hapsburg tied down
Cardinal Richelieu

#66 ch12
ch12

Adolphus-mobility of warfare-fire and relocate
Fire-and-charge tactics

#67 ch12
ch12

German Protestants compromise w/ Ferdinand
1635: Peace of Prague

#68 ch12
ch12

French intervene (Richelieu wants to weaken Hapsburg), Augsburg includes Calvinists, France predominant power
Swedish-French Period

#69 ch12
ch12

hostilities ended, ruler determine religion of land, Calvinists recognition, German princes supreme over principalities, Prussia dominant German state
1648: Treaty of Wesphaila

#70 ch12
ch12

emerged as powerful German state-
Brandenburg-Prussia

#71 ch12
ch12

France forced it on Spain and Spain became dominant in Europe
1659: Treaty of Pyrenees

#72 ch12