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83 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Which is not a following charcteristic of an epic?
a. long
b. narrative
c. poems
d. central hero of little importance
e. setting is whole known world of culture
f. told in episodes
d. hero of *national* importance
Define Hubris
excessive pride
Who are the Achaeans?
Greeks
Epics have all the following conventions except:
a. invocation of muse (calliope)
b. begin in medias res
c. catalouges of warriors, ships, weapons
d. epic metaphors
e. epithets
f. formal speeches
g. statement of theme
h. trip to the Underworld
d. epic *similes*
Illion is another name for...
Troy
Folk epics are:
a. delivered orally
b. written
c. unknown author
d. both a & c
d
Define Classicism.
tendency in art htat retains characteristics found in works originating in classical Greece & Rome
Art epics are:
a. oral
b. written down.
c. unknown author
d. known author
e. both b & d
e
What is a fable?
a. novel with a moral
b. brief tale with a moral
c. talking animals
d. none of the above
e. both b&c
e
Foils are:
a. two opposite characters
b. two alike characters
c. characters that seemingly identical but different when analyzed
c
Satire is the ridicule of...
a. science & religeon
b. politics & art
c. a & b
d. vice & folly
d
A parable is...
a. brief story that teaches lessons
b. talking animals
c. no talking animals
d. both a & c
d
A story that narrates strange or fabulous happenings
tale
A short novel
novella
Unified structure of incidents in a literary work
plot
first stage of a fictional or dramatic plot in which background info is given
exposition
struggle between opposing forces in a story or play, usually resolved by the end of the work.
conflict
a set of conflicts and crises that constitute that part of a play's or story's plot leading up to the climax
rising action
turning point
climax
action following the climax of the work that moves it towards its denoumment or resolution
falling action
resolution of plot
denouement
an interruption of of a work's chronology to describe or present an incident that occured prior to the main time frame of a work's action
flashback
character does not change; he or she is the same person at the end of the story as he was at the beginning.
static character
fully developed; readers may even be able to anticipate the actions if the characterization is well done and consistent.
round character
we know very little about character;not meant to serve as main characters. They serve as necessary elements in plot or as elements of the setting.
flat character
recurring image or idea. The repetition of the idea reinforces the value of the image or idea and usually gets the reader to think about theme.
motif
one who changes by the end of the story, learning something that changes him or her in a permanent way.
dynamic character
the narrator, usually the protagonist, tells the story from his/her perspective using I, me, we, etc.
1st person
the narrator uses pronouns (he/she/they etc.) and is God-like: all knowing. This type of narrator is not limited by time or space.
third person omniscient
the narrator tells the story but limits herself to what one character can sense; the limitations are the same as in first person.
third person limited
comparison of two generally unlike things meant to illuminate truth. Direct use "is" to make the comparison explicit.
metaphors
discrepancy between what is said and what is meant
verbal irony
a discrepancy between what is expected, as in action, or as regards the situation/setting, and what one would expect to happen
situational irony
a discrepancy between what the character knows and what the reader knows to be true; it's when the reader knows something the character does not know
dramatic irony
author's choice of words
diction
giving human characteristics to non human things in order to give light to human action, emotion, ideas etc.
personification
words that sound like what they mean. Ex: "hiss" sounds like the snake
onomatopoeia
exaggeration
hyperbole
repetition of beginning sounds in words
alliteration
repetition of the same or similar vowel sounds, but with different end consonants in a line, as in the words, date and fade.
assonance
reference to something in history, culture, or literature
allusion
items or parts that make up a larger picture or story
details
directly expressed comparison with like or as
simile
arrangement of materials within a work
structure
arrangement of words in a sentence
syntax
instructive. may be good or bad
didactic
combination of opposites
oxymoron
statement that seems contradicting but really true
paradox
Minor goddess, offers Odysseus immortality, keeps him for 7yrs.
Calypso
Odysseus' dog who recognizez master in disguse then dies
Argos
Sun god whose cattle is eaten by Odysseus' men
Helios
method of literary criticism involving detailed examination of each part of a work
explication
brief fictional prose narrative that is shorter than a novel that deals iwth only a few characters. epidsodes.
short story
escapes danger of song by plugging ears with wax adn tieing Odysseus to the mast
Sirens
Cyclops blinded by Odysseus; son of Poseidon
Polyphemos
souls of heroes go
souls of damned go
cross this geographical landmark to get to Hades; immortality
Elysian Fields
Tartarus
River Styx
Goddess of war & wisdom; fought for Greeks; Brighteyes
Athena
Goddess of love & beauty; mother of Aeneas by Trojan shepherd Anchises
Aphrodite
son of Leto. punished Cassandra with prophecies no one believes
Apollo
God of sea & water. son of Cronus and Rhea. brother of Zeus and Hades. father of Polyphemos.
Poseidon
personificaton of strife. created golden apple.
Eris
king of Ithaca. son of Laertes & Anticleia. Husband of Penelope. father of Telemachos. Name means at odds. Without a loss. Idea of Trojan Horse
Odysseus
bline Theban seer. meets Odysseus in Hades
Teiresius
boasted of escape and Poseidon drowned him. Greek
Ajax the Lesser
second to Achilles. engaged Hector in single combat. with aid of Athena rescue body of Achilles from Trojans. compete with Oddysseus for Achilles' armor lost & enraged & died
Ajax the Great
son of Trojan Hector and Andromache.
Hectorides
daughter of Zeus and Demeter of agriculture. wife of Hades. myth of seasons
Persephone
King of Dardanus on Mt. Ida. had Aeneas with Aphrodite. taken out of Troy on shoulder's of his son.
Anchises
only Trojan to surive war. warned by Hector's shade. son's hair on fire. lost wife in battle. wandered like Odysseus. told story to Queen Dido
Aeneas
Daughter of Leda & Zues. wife of Menalaus. Given to Deiophobus after Paris' death. praises Odyssues
Helen
bro of Agememnon. king of sparta. fought Paris. killed Deiphobus
Menalaus
Motehr of Paris, Hector, Deiphobus Cassandra, Cruesa. captive at end of war
Queen Hecuba
wife of Aeneas. begged him not to return to battle the night Troy fell. died and gave Prophecy
Cruesa
Wife of Hector. begg him not to fight Achilles. taken as slave to Greece
Andomache
King of Troy. order Alexandros killed. sent Paris ot visit Menalus. Asked Achilles to return Hector's body. Died night Troy fell
King Priam.
kill Patroclos. took Achilles first set of amor.fought him. funeral ends Illiad
Hector
born Alexandros. challenged Menalus. saved by Aphrodite. shot Achilles in heel. died in war
Paris
King of Mycenae. wanted Troy's wealth. married to Clytemnestra. kill daughter to get winds. Angered Achilles. took Cassandra as concubine. killed by Aigisthos
Agamemnon
son of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra. kill Aigisthos in revenge. foil of Telemachos
Orestes
King of Pylos. fought survive Trojan war. gave speech to Greeks to accept Hector's challenge
Nestor
King of Aos. bF of Odysseus. wounded in battle.
Diomedes
Queen of Phaeicea. half sister of Alcinoos. mohter of Nausica
Arete
blind bard at palace of King Alcinoos
Demodocus