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50 Cards in this Set

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ad hominem arguement
from the latin meaning "to or againest man," this is an arguement that appeals to emotion rather than rationale
allegory
the device of using character and or story elemnts smybollically to represent an abstact meaning in additon to a literal meaning, ex: The Scarlett letter
ambiguity
the multipul meanings, intentional and unintenitional of a word
analogy
realationship between different things
antecentant
clause reffered to by a pronoun
clause
gramatical unit with a subject and verb. Dependant clauses cannot stand alone ex:
because I stand alone
conceit
fancy metaphor between different things
diction
word choice, ex: formal, informal
euphemisms
more agreeable speech,ex; passed away, rather than he up and died
figurative language
languge that is not literal
generic conventions
the term describes tradtions for each genre, used to distinguish writers uniqueness
genre
major catagory of writing: prose, poetry, drama
homily
sermon/ lecture containing moral or spirital advice
situational irony

dramatic
events oppitsite of what is ecpected.
unknown events to characters, ex:star wars
metonomy
substitute name for somthing assocaited with it, example the "white house declared" vs. "the president declared"
loose sentance
a type of sentacne that contains the main idea first, followed by dependant grammatical clauses.
indicative mood
factual sentences only
"Joe eats too quickly"
subjunctive mood
doubtful or contional attitude
"If I were you, I would get another job"
imperative mood
used for commands
oxymoron
contradictory terms
jumbo shrimp
paradox
when something is not necessary but through obsession becomes necessary
ex: The Birthmark by Nat hawthorn
parrelism
parrel framing words, phrases, or pargraphs with stuctual similarilty
parody
riducule, SNL
pedantic
adjective for nerds, scholars, bookish, overly scholarly
periodic sentence
presents its central meaning at the end "Ecastic with my Ap scores, I shouted with joy"
predicate adjectives
adjective clause followed by a linking verb, describes the subject
predicate nomiative
a group of nouns that renames the subject "Abe lincoln, was a man of intregrity"
Mode of Discourse/rhetorical mode: expostion
explain and anaylze an idea by presenting info
mode of discouse: arguementaion
prove an idea, rational, emotional and ethical appeal
mode of dicourse:
desricptive
recreate, or visually present a person place, event, so the reader cna picture it
mode of discourse: narration
tell a story, frequently uses decraiption as a combo
satire/sarcasm
works that target human vice or vollies, usally with sarcasm, caustic language
subordinate clause
cannot stand alone, not a complete thought
syllogism
major: man is mortal
minor: socrates is man
conclusion: socrates is mortal
syntax
authors chocie of GROUPS of words, diction is indvidula words, cosider lenght, brevity, sentence patterns
mode of discourse: narration
tell a story, frequently uses decraiption as a combo
satire/sarcasm
works that target human vice or vollies, usally with sarcasm, caustic language
subordinate clause
cannot stand alone, not a complete thought
syllogism
major: man is mortal
minor: socrates is man
conclusion: socrates is mortal
syntax
authors chocie of GROUPS of words, diction is indvidula words, cosider lenght, brevity, sentence patterns
understatement and hyperbole
ironic minimalizing and exaggerating
rhetorical features
passage construciton, images, details, and argurements to serve his or her purpose
style devices
diciton, tone, attidtude,figures of speech, connotations, and repetition
narrative devices
persuasive
tools of a storyteller, the order of events.
words that complement the aguement
space transition
above, below, beyond, farther away, here
trans: time
summary
intensification
afterward, at last, earlier
all in all, in brief
indeed, in fact,of course
trans: Illustration
cause of effect
for example, for instance
as a result, consquently
trans: comparison
contrast
additon or repetition
also, in the same way
but, even so, however
again, moreover, finally
premise
the genralization of which an agurement is bases
oversimplfication
over looking or ignoring inconstistencies or complexieties in evidence