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21 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Allegory
Device of using a character or story elements symbollically to represent an abstraction in addition to the literal meaning. *Usualy deals with moral truth or generalization about human existance*
Ambiguity
Multiple meanings, intentional or unintentional, of a word, phrase, sentence, or passage
Analogy
Similarity or comparison between two different things or the relationship between them. *Metaphores and similies are analogies*
Anecdote
A short narrative detailing particulars of an interesting episode or event.
Antecedent
Word, phrase, or clause referred to by a pronoun.
Atmosphere
Emotional mood created by the entirety of a literary work, established partly by the setting and partly by the author's choice of objects that are described.
Colloquial/Colloquialism
The use of slang or informalities in speech or writing *vernacular is everyday speech*
Conceit
A fanciful expression, usually in the form of an extended metaphoror surprising analogy between dissimilar objects. It displays intellectual cleverness.
Genre
The major catagory into which a literary work fits. Basic divisions are prose, poetry, and drama. But genre is a flexible term and each division has subdivisions.
Hyperbole
A figure of speech using deliberate exaggeration or overstatement. Often produces irony.
Loose sentence
A type of sentence in which the main idea, independent clause, comes first followed by dependent grammatical units such as phrases or clauses. *Central meaning at beginning*
Narrative
The telling of a story or an account of an event or series of events.
Periodic Sentence
A sentence that presents its central meaning in a main clause at the end.
Prose
One of the major divisions of genre...it refers to fiction and nonfiction
Rhetorical Modes
Describes the variety and purposes of the major kinds of writing. Four most common are exposition, argumentation, description, and narration.*these four are often called modes of discourse*
Style
Either evaluates the sum of choices that an author makes in blending diction, syntax, figurative language, and other literery devices or helps to classify authors to a group and then compare to similar authors.
Subject complement
Word or clauses following a linking verb and completes subject of sentence
Symbol
Anything that represents itself and stands for something else. Three categories: Natural, Conventional, and Literary
Syntax
The way an author chooses to join words into phrases, clauses, and sentences. Similar to diction but syntax is a group of words.
Thesis
Thesis statement is a sentence or group of sentences that directly expresses the author's opinion, purpose, or position.
Understatement
The ironic minimizing of fact, it presents something as less significant than it is.