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61 Cards in this Set

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The omission of conjunctions between related clauses-for example, " i came, i saw i conquered"
Asyndeton
The repetition of vowel sounds in the stressed syllables of two or more adjacent words, she sell sea shells
Assonance
a noun or noun phrase that follows another noun immediately or defines or amplifies its meaning
appositive1
Logos pathos ethos
Appeal
Type of soliquoy where nature is addressed as though human
apostrophe
A concise statement designed to make a point of illustrate a commonly held belief, "spare rod spoil child"
Aphorism
Juxtaposition of contrasting words or ideas place your virtues on a pedestal, vices on a rock
antithesis
repetition of words in successive claues in reverse grammatical order you can take boy out of country but you cant take the country out of the boy.
antimetabole
Noun to which a pronoun refers
antecedent
repetition of a word, phrase, or clause at teh beginning of two or more sentences in a row
anaphora
repetition of the last word of one clause at teh beginning of the following clause
anadiplosis
object event or custom, person that is out of order in time
anachronism
uncertain capable of being understood in two or more senses or ways
ambiguity
a reference in a wirtten of spoken text to another text or to some particular body of knowledge
allusion
a work that functions well on a symbolic level
allegory
in an arguement this is an attack on the person rather the opponents ideas.
ad hominem
a comparison of two similar but different things or situations used to clarify an action or relationship
analogy
brief narrative offered in a text to capture the audience's attention or to support a generaization or claim
anecdote
A trope in which one word, usually a noun of the main verb, governs two other words not related in meaning
zeugma
The quality of a text that reflects the truth of actualy experience. voice
verisimilitude
The sense that a text is appropriately about only one subject and achieves one purpose
unity
an artful variation from expected modes of expression of thoughts and ideas
trope
the writers or speakers attitude toward the subject matter
tone
The main idea in a text, often the main generalization, conclusion, or claim
thesis
the order of words in a sentence
syntax
A part of something used to refer to the whole
synecdoche
in a text, an element that stands for more than itself and therefore helps to convey a theme of a text
symbol
logical reasoning from inargueable premises
syllogism
the choices that writers or speakers make in construction and language of a piece of writing
style
in classical rhetoric, a speech consisting of exordium narration
six-part oration
a type of comparison that uses the word like or as
simile
An artful variation from typical formation and arrangement of words or sentences
scheme
art of analyzing all the choices involving language that a writer speaker or listener might make in a situation.
rhetoric
In a text, repeated use of sounds, words,phrases, or clauses to emphasize meaning or achieve
repetition
the specialized vocabulary of a particular group
jargon
an understatement
litotes
the art of reasoning
logic
a sentence that adds modifying elements after the subject verb and complement
loose statement
an entity referred to by one of its attributes or associations
metonymy
In ancient Roman oratory, the part of speech in which the speaker provided background info on the topic
narration
a set of similarly structured words,phrases, or clauses that appears in a sentence or paragraph
parallelism
inform convince persuade
purpose
in Ancient Roman oratory anticipate objections to the points being raised and counter them
refutation
a set of assumptions, skills, facts, and experience that a reader brings to a text to make meaning
repertoire
an inverted relationship between syntatic elements of parallel phrases
chiasmus
the ultimate conclusion generalization or point that a syllogism or enthymeme
claim
Quality of writing in which all the parts contribute to the development of the thesis
coherence
the implied meaning of a word, in contrast to its directly "dictionary meaning"
connotation
writing with the purpose to instruct or teach, usually formal and focuses ona moral or ethical concerns
didactic
the omission of words, the meaning of which is provided by the overall context of a passage
ellipsis
logical reasoning with one premise left unstated
enthymeme
the repitition of a group of words, "see no evil, speak no evil, hear no evil"
epistorphe
a word or phrase adding a characteristic to a persons name for example
epithet
an indirect expression of unpleasant info in such a way as to lessen its impact-eliminated rather than fired
euphemism
In ancient Roman oratory, the introduction of a speech, literally the "web" meant to draw the audience into the speech
exordium
background info presented in a literary work
exposition
a part of a text classified according to its function
functional part
a systematic strategy or method for solving problems
heauristic
an exaggeration for effect
hyperbole
writing or speaking that implies the contrary of what is actually written or spoken
irony
parallel structure in which the parallel elements are similiar not only in grammatical structure but also in lenght
isocolon