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24 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
- Part of Speech

article
the adjectives "a", "an" (indefinite)
and "the" (definite)
-Part of Speech

noun
person
place
thing
idea
-Part of Speech

pronoun
word that takes place of a noun, a group of words acting as a noun or another pronoun
-Part of Speech

verb
action
state or
being - necessary to make a statement
-Part of Speech

adjective
modifies a noun or pronoun by limiting its meaning
-Part of Speech

adverb
modifies a verb, adjective, or adverb making its meaning more specific
-Part of Speech

preposition
a word that shows the relationship of a noun or pronoun to another word in a sentence
-Part of Speech

conjunction
a word that joins single words or groups of words
-Part of Speech

interjection
a word or phrase that expresses emotion or exclamation
Phrase
a group of related words lacking a subject or predicate functioning as a part of speech
-Phrases

prepositional
a group of related words around a preposition used as an adjective/adverb
-Phrases

appositive
a group of related words around a noun used to rename or identify a noun or pronoun

"Scruffy, <<the neighbor's cat>>, is about to die."
-Phrases

verbals
a verb that functions in a sentence as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb
-Phrases
-verbals
common
a group of related words

"The cat <<may>> run into the spear"
-Phrases
-verbals

participial

(adj)
a group of related words around, verb+ing/ed used as an adjective

"<<Warmed by the thought>> , I decided to kill the cat."
gerund

(noun)
a group of related words around a verb+ing used as a noun

"The rules prohibited <<killing cats on private property>>."
infinitive

(to +verb)
a groub of related words around to +verb used as a noun/adj/adv

"The boy has a gun <<to kill> the cat."
clauses
a group of related words with the subject and predicate
Dependant clause
must always be accompanied by independent clause to complete meaning

"<<Unless I study hard>>, I will fail the exam."
independant clause
can stand alone as a meaningful sentence

"Unless I study hard, <<I will fail the exam>>."
simple sentence
sentence containing one subject and one predicate

"The singer bowed to the audience."
compound sentence

this is when you use a comma
sentence containing two independent clauses (joined by conjunction or semicolon)

"The singer bowed to the audience, but she sang no encores."
complex sentence
sentence containing one independent clause and one or more subordinate (dependant) clauses

"Because the singer was tired, she left immediately after the concert."
compound-complex sentence
sentence containing two or more independent clauses and one or more subordinate clauses

"The singer bowed while the audience applauded, but she sang no more encores."