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43 Cards in this Set

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Gastrornteritis
inflammation of the stomach and the intestines
Malabsorption syndrome
group of symtoms associated with the failure to absorb food properly
Bile
substance that reduces large fat globules into smaller droplets of fat that are more easily broken down
Emulsify
in digestion, when bile breaks up fats
cholecystokiin or (CCK)
fats in chyme stimulate or "trigger" the secretion of the hormone cholecystokin or (CCK)from the intestine mucosa of the duodeunum
Cirrhosis
degeneration of the liver tissue characterized by the replacement of damage liver tissue with fibrous or fatty connective tissue
Jaundice
abnormal yellowing of the skin, mucous membrane and white of eyes
Hepatitis
inflammation of the liver due to viral or bacteria infection; injury; damage from alcohol, drugs, or other toxins; or other factors
Cholelithiasis
condition of having gall (bile) stones, hard mineral deposits that may form and collect in the gallbladder
Pancreatitis
inflammation of the pancreas
ileocecal valve
the sphincter-like structure between the end of the small intestine and beginning of the large intestine
The subdivisions of the large intestines
(7)
Cecum, Ascending colon, Transverse colon, Descending colon, Sigmoid colon, Rectum, Anal canal
anus
distal end or outlet of the rectum
sigmoid colon
S-shaped segment of the large intestine that terminates in the rectum
rectum
distal portion of the large intestine
diarrhea
defecation of liquid feces
dysentery
inflammation condition of the colon characterized by frequent diarrhea which may contain blood or pus
constipation
conditioncaused by decreased motility of the large intestine, resulting in the formation of small, hard feces and difficulty in defecation
diveritculitis
inflammation of diverticula(abnormal outpouchings) of the large intestine, possibly causing consipation
anal canal
terminal portion of the rectum
colitis
any inflammatory condition of the colon and/or rectum
Crohn's disease
chronic inflammatory bowel disease
Colorectal cancer
common form of cancer, usually adenocarcinoma, associated with advanced age, low-fiber/high-fat diet, and genetic predispostion
veriform appendix
a tubular structure attached to the cecum and composed of lymphatic tissue
appendicitis
inflammation of the vermiform appendix
peritoneum
large, moist, slippery sheet of serous membrane that lines the abdnominalpevic cavity(parietal layer)and it's organs (visceral layer)
mesentery
a large double fold of pertoneal tissue that anchors the loops of the digestive tract to the posterior wall of the abdnominal cavity
greater omentum
a pouchlike extension of the visceral peritoneum
peritonitis
inflammation of the serous membranes in the abdominopelvic cavity; sometimes a serious complication of an infected appendix
ascites
abnormal accumulation of fluid in intraperitoneal space
Digestion
the breakdown of food materials either mechanically(that is chewing) or chemically (that is, by action of digestiove enzymes)
deglutition
swallowing
amylase
enzyme that digests carbolhyrates
protease
protein-digestive enzymes
lipase
fat-digestive enzymes
lesser curvature
the upper right border of the stomach
greater curvature
the lower left border of the stomach
Helicobacter pylori
gastric and duodenal ulcers result from infection
Stomach cancer
has been linked to excessive alcohol consumption, use of chewing tobacco, and eating smoked or heavily preserved food.
greater and lesser duodenal papillae
Figure 7-13...the two openings
silent gallstones
some gallstones never cause problems
symptomatic gallstones
produce painful symptoms or other medical complications
acute pancreatitis
usually results from blockage of the common bile duct