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23 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
infinitive phrases
begin with an infinitive (to + a verb) followe by a noun of pronoun

Sam wanted to open her own business
Adverb clause
Is a Dependent clause
Answers where, when and to what degree

Wherever there are computers, there is Microsoft software.

If you save your money, you will be able to go to college.
Adjective clause essential
that which who whom whose whoever whomever

not set off by commas

The book that I gave you is very old
Adjective clause nonessential
that which who whom whose whoever whomever

set off by commas (could be removed)

The book, which belonged to Elvis, has some how left the building.
Noun clause (subject)
how what where (ever) why when that

How you study is a mystery.
Noun clause (predicate nominative)
Singing is what she does best.
Noun clause (object of verb)
That dog chases whatever he wants
Noun clause (object of preposition)
they stood near whatever seemed to glow
gerund phrase
phrases that function as nouns and always begin with a verbal that ends in -ing followed by a noun or pronoun

Swimming in the lake is her favorite sport.
Prepositional phrases
phrases that function as adjectives or adverbs always begin with a preposition followed by a noun or pronoun

That dog near the door has already bitten three people today.
Free modifying phrases
describe a noun
Noun phrase
Mr. Gabriel, an AP US History teacher, is my friend.
Adjective phrase
Big and ugly, the teacher frightened me.
Verb phrase
also known as a participial phrase

Barking at every little noise, the dog kept the entire neighborhood awake last night.
Absolute phrase
(omits past tense of be verb)

Her hand raised, Wanda wanted to ask a question.
HOTSHOT CAT
However
Otherwise
Therefore
Similarly
Hence
On the Other hand
Then
Consequently
Also
Thus

connects independent clauses
FANBOYS
For
And
Nor
But
Or
Yet
So

Connects compound sentences
Object of the verb
answers whom or what of an action verb
Object of the preposition
answers whom or what of the preposition
indirect object
noun or pronoun that answers to whom or to what of an action verb
adverbial objective
nouns used as adverbs

He ran a mile
objective complement
any word that completes the meaning of a verb
BAT WASHTUB
Because
After
Though
When
Although
Since
Houw
Till
Unless
Before

Used in subordinate clauses