Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/15

Click to flip

15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Complementary medicine

What percentage of adults in the US use multivitamins?
25%
Complementary medicine

What percentage of patients failed to disclose their herbal medicine medications during post-op assessment?
70%
Complementary medicine

What herb reduces the risk of prostate CA by 45%? Where is it found?
Lycopene

Found in tomato-based foods
Complementary medicine

What did the Gait study prove?
Proved that glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate alone or in combo did not decrease knee pain in patients with osteoarthritis however it may be effective in patients with moderate to severe knee pain.
Complementary medicine

What are the actions of Ginko Biloba?

What is it used to treat?
Actions: alter vasoregulation, is an antioxidant, alters neurotransmission, and inhibits platelet activating factor. (must stop at least 36hrs before surgery)

Treats: cognitive disorders and peripheral vascular disease
Complementary medicine

What is the mechanism of action of Saw Palmetto?
It inhibits the binding of dihydrotesterone to prostate androgen receptors and may act as an alpha-1-adrenergic blocker.

Use: ameliorate BPH (not yet proven)
Complementary medicine

What does Ginger help?
Ginger

Helps gas evacuation and is used as an anti-emetic (pre-post- operative nausea)

It also prolongs bleeding time
Complementary medicine

What does Ginseng do? (3)
Ginseng?

1. it is a "adaptogen" - protecting the body against stress and restoring homeostasis.

2. it can lower postprandial blood glucose in patients with/without diabetes.

3. Has irreversible platelet inhibition (must stop for 7 days prior to surgery)
Complementary medicine

If a patient has atherosclerosis and wants to try an herb to help it which herb should he take?
Garlic - lowers serum lipid levels and BP via the sulfur-containing compound called Allicin.

It inhibits platelet aggregation and is irreversible (like ginseng) so it must be stopped for 7days.
Complementary medicine

If you have jet lag and want to get over it quicker - which herb should you take?
Melatonin - helps insomnia from jet lag or shift work.
Complementary medicine
VIP

Which herb is a cyto p450 enzyme metabolizer?

In what situation should this herb NOT be used?
St. John's wort

Should not be used in major depression.
Complementary medicine

What drug, if used with an SSRI, can cause "central serotonin excess syndrome"? Why?
St. John's wort - because it's MOA involves inhibition of serotonin, NE, and dopamine reuptake.
Complementary medicine

Explain how ECHINACEA can be wonderful but then can cause bad effects after prolonged (>8wk) use?
Echinacea: has initial immunostimulatory effets (increase macrophage proliferation and increase effect of T-lymph and NK cells).
Long term use(>8wks) causes immunosuppression because of desensitization, POOR WOUND HEALING, & HEPATOTOXICITY
Complementary medicine

What drug can cause poor wound healing?
Echinacea with prolonged use.
Complementary medicine

What herbs (2) that does not start with a "G" must also be stopped well before surgery?
St. John's wort

Echinacea