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31 Cards in this Set

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The pattern in which of amino acids assembly is coded and stored within?
Deoxyribonucleic acid (in the nucleus).
A Nucleotide has 3 parts?
1. Sugar
2. Phosphate group
3. Base
These are joined together to form a long strand and 2 strands of these are in a twisted ladder to form DNA?
Nucleotides
Name the 3 Bases in DNA?
1. Cytosine
2. Guanine
3. Thymine
Adenine & Thymine are base-pairs and Cytosine and Guanine are base-pairs;this system is called?
Base-pairing
The protein synthesis code is stored in?
DNA
The list of bases in threes is called?
Base-sequencing
The copying/delivery of the code is done by a second nucleic acid called?
Ribonucleic acid (RNA)
What is different about RNA from DNA?
1. Different sugar called ribosome.
2. RNA has only one strand
3. RNA has Uracil(4th base)
What the mRNA do?
Copies the code from the DNA in the nucleus & carries the code to ribosomes in the cytoplasm. Then the tRNA reads the code.
code on the DNA is copied by mRNA is called?
Transcription: step 1 in protein synthesis.
mRNA transfers the genetic code from the nucleus to the ribosomes in the cytoplasm?
Step 2 in protein synthesis
The code of mRNA is read by tRNA, which is attached to individual amino acids in the cytoplasm?
Step 3: Translation
A peptide bonds forms between each amino acid in the growing peptide chain?
Step 4 in protein synthesis
The protein chain is terminated?
Step 5
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) stores the code for protein synthesis? T or F
True
DNA is a double-stranded series of nucleotides, arranged in a twisted-ladder?
T or F
True
A nucleotide is composed of a sugar, a phosphate group and a base? T or F
True
For DNA, the sugar is deoxyribose and the bases are adenine,thymine,cytosine and guanine? T or F
True
Adenine links w/thymine and cytosine links w/guanine?
T or F
True
The genetic code is stored in the sequence of 3 bases along a strand of DNA?
T or F
True
Glucose is broken down into what two acids?
lactic and pyruvic acids
Anaerobic process in the cytoplasm is Called?
Glycolysis
As sugar chains get longer they form?
Starches
Another word for fats?
lipids
A steroid is a lipid stored in the body as?
Cholesterol
Building blocks of proteins are?
Amino acids
Chemical reactions to build is called?
Anabolism
Chemical reactions to break is called?
Catabolism
When amino acids that contain Nitrogen and when broken down, it becomes?
Urea and is excreted1
Name the two types of RNA?
Messenger(mRNA)
AND
Transfer (tRNA)