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25 Cards in this Set

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These are fats/organic compounds most common in our bodies. Composed of carbon, hydroge and oxygen?
Lipids
Fatty meats, egg yolk, dairy products.
A Lipid that is stored in adipose tissue,protects and insulate organs and major source of stored energy?
Triglycerides
3 long fatty chains attached to a one small glycerol molecule.
Lipids such as cholesterol which is found in membranes and is the synthesis of vitamin D?
Steroid
Explain 3 important uses of Lipids?
1. Source of Energy
2. Covering if Nerve Cells
3. In the synthesis of steroids
How are Fatty acids broken down?
Fatty acids which are long structurs must be broken into tiny units before they go to mitochondria & be a part the acid cycle(Krep cycle)then once in the mitochondria then releases a huge amount of energy!
How are fatty acids made?
When extra calories are consumed, the enzymes that synthesize fat are stimulated,then the fat is deposited in adipose tissue in the body!
A series of amino acids linked together by peptide bonds & useful for many body functions; muscles,hemoglobin, skin,hair and protects from diseases?
Proteins
Building blocks of protein;come mostly from protein foods and there about 20 to build body protein?
Amino Acids
Name 3 important uses of Proteins?
Synthesis of:
1. Hormones
2. Enzymes
3. Antibodies
4. Plasma & Muscle Proteins
5. Hemoglobin & Cell membranes.
Like carbs/lipids, amino acids also contain this extra element (amine group)is called?
Nitrogen (NH2)
These are fats/organic compounds most common in our bodies. Composed of carbon, hydroge and oxygen?
Lipids
Fatty meats, egg yolk, dairy products.
A Lipid that is stored in adipose tissue,protects and insulate organs and major source of stored energy?
Triglycerides
3 long fatty chains attached to a one small glycerol molecule.
Lipids such as cholesterol which is found in membranes and is the synthesis of vitamin D?
Steroid
Explain 3 important uses of Lipids?
1. Source of Energy
2. Covering if Nerve Cells
3. In the synthesis of steroids
How are Fatty acids broken down?
Fatty acids which are long structurs must be broken into tiny units before they go to mitochondria & be a part the acid cycle(Krep cycle)then once in the mitochondria then releases a huge amount of energy!
How are fatty acids made?
When extra calories are consumed, the enzymes that synthesize fat are stimulated,then the fat is deposited in adipose tissue in the body!
A series of amino acids linked together by peptide bonds & useful for many body functions; muscles,hemoglobin, skin,hair and protects from diseases?
Proteins
Building blocks of protein;come mostly from protein foods and there about 20 to build body protein?
Amino Acids
Name 3 important uses of Proteins?
Synthesis of:
1. Hormones
2. Enzymes
3. Antibodies
4. Plasma & Muscle Proteins
5. Hemoglobin & Cell membranes.
Like carbs/lipids, amino acids also contain this extra element (amine group)is called?
Nitrogen (NH2)
Why do amino acids nd to break down & must be handled by either recycled/used for different amino acids or changed to urea and excreted?
Amino acids contain "Nitrogen" (NH2)
This is formed when the amine group (NH2) of one amino acid joins w/the acid (COOH)group of a second amino acid?
Peptide bond
When several amino acids are joined together by peptide bonds?
Peptide
When many amino acids are joined together?
Polypeptide
When the Nitrogen that is released from a breakdown of amino acids then removed from the amino acid and then the liver converts it to Urea?
Urea Cycle (conversion of protein to Urea)