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20 Cards in this Set

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The series necessary for the use of the raw material inside the cell?
Metabolism
Reactions that build larger,more complex substances from simpler substances? The reaction nds an input of energy(ATP)?
Anabolism
Reactions that break down larger, more complex substances in simpler substances? Assoc w/release of energy then conveted to ATP?
Catabolism
Breakdown of a large protein into individual amino acids?
Organic Compounds composed of carbon,hydrogen and oxygen? Classified according to sz?
Carbohydrates
Bread,rice and potatoes are carb foods.
Single (mono) sugar (saccharide) compounds? Haves 3 to 6 carbons like glucose,fructose and galactose.
Monosaccharides
The shorter of this are called sugars. Glucose is the most important,used by the cell for fast energy.
Double (di) sugar compounds? Made when 2 Monosaccharides are linked together. Double sugars in the food we eat?
Disaccharides
The shorter of this are called sugars. Include sugars like sucrose,maltose and lactose.
Many (poly) sugar compounds? Made of many glucose Molecules linked together?
Polysaccharides
The longer chain of this are starches
Which single sugar compounds include ,fructose and galactose and glucose which is used for a fast energy?
Monosaccharides
Most important energy source.
Sugar in DNA and converted to glucose.
Which double sugars compounds include sucrose, maltose and lactose and must be broken down first? They are in foods we eat?
Disaccharides
Split in Monosaccharides.
Long chains that are called starches, glycogen and cellulose? Found in plant food and animal starch?
Polysaccharides
Nondigestable by humans and forms dietary fiber or roughage.
Simple sugars as Glucose,Fructose, and galactose are called?
Monosaccharides
Double sugars as Sucrose, Maltose and Lactose are called?
Disaccharides
Many sugars as starches, glycogen and cellulose are called?
Polysaccharides
Organic Compounds composed of carbon,hydrogen and oxygen is called?
Carbohydrates
Metabolism can be divide into what 2 parts?
Anabolism and Catabolism
Also called animal starch; this is stored mainly in the liver/skeletal muscle and form in which humans stor glucose?
Glycogen
This is a straight-chained polysaccharides found in plants & provides fiber and improves digestive function?
Cellulose
When Glucose is broken down in the absence of oxygen?
Anaerobic catabolism
When Glucose is broken down w/oxygen present?
Aerobic catabolism
Glucose is usually broken down into?
lactic Acid