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55 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Body Region containing the head, neck, & trunk.
AXIAL REGION
Body Cavity containing the soft internal organs called viscera.
VENTRAL CAVITY
Body Region containing the limbs or extremities.
APPENDICULAR REGION
Body Cavity containing the skull, brain, & spinal column.
DORSAL CAVITY
Cut that divides the body into anterior & posterior halves.
FRONTAL PLANE
Nearer to the midline.
MEDIAL
Toward or on the surface.
Superficial
Between 2 structures.
Intermediate
On the same side as.
IPSILATERAL
On the opposite side from.
CONTRALATERAL
Cut down the midline that divides the body into equal right & left halves.
MIDSAGITTAL
Cut that divides the body into superior & inferior halves.
TRANSVERSE
Cuts to the right or left of the midline, creating unequal portions.
PARASAGITTAL
Farther from the midline
LATERAL
Nearer to attachment of extremity or point of origin.
PROXIMAL
Outer boundary of the cell, made of a bilayer of phospholipids.
PLASMA MEMBRANE
Membrane proteins that have strands of sugar molecules attached.
GLYCOPROTEINS
Membrane proteins that come from the outside of the cell, can be removed by chemical treatments.
EXTRINSIC
Membrane proteins that come from inside the cell membrane, often span from one side to another.
INTRINSIC
Double bilayer membrane containing the DNA of the cell.
NUCLEUS
Part of the cell responsible for energy production.
MITOCHONDRIA
Part of the cell containing proteins & RNA.
RIBOSOMES
Internal membrane system of the cell, contains proteins & lipids.
ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM
Serves as sorting station for synthesized proteins.
GOLGI APPARATUS
Scaffold of filaments w/in the cytoplasm that allow the cell to maintain & move.
CYTOSKELETON
Sheets of cells that form a barrier between the interior & external environment; covers body's surface & lines hollow internal organs.
EPITHELIAL TISSUE
Secrete chemical messengers called hormones into the blood; formed by epithelials
ENDOCRINE GLANDS
Secrete substances by way of ducts to the exterior, EX: sweat glands
EXOCRINE GLANDS
Epithelia that is one cell layer thick.
SIMPLE EPITHELIA
Epithelia composed of multiple cell layers.
STRATIFIED EPITHELIA
Epithelia found in the urinary bladder, "squamous" but can stretch.
TRANSITIONAL
Epithelia consisting of one cell layer, but some cells aren't tall enough to reach from one side to another.
PSUEDOSTRATIFIED
Tissue that holds body parts together, gives structural integrity to other tissue types.
CONNECTIVE TISSUE
Tough & flexible material, major component of cartilage.
CHONDROITIN
Cells that secrete intercellular materials.
FIBROBLASTS
Material that forms a gel, cements cell together, acts as a cushion.
HYALURONIC ACID
Connective tissue that connects skeletal muscles w/ the bony skeleton.
TENDONS
Tissue that holds joints together, mainly of collagen & elastin fibers.
LIGAMENTS
Strong, flexible, smooth material composed of collagen & chondroitin.
CARTILAGE
Hard, rigid, material that makes up the bulk of the adult skeleton.
BONE
BONE CELLS?
OSTEOCYTES
Bone cells that synthesize bone.
OSTEOBLASTS
Bone cells that break it down.
OSTEOCLASTS
Small channels that allow nutrients & oxygen to reach osteocytes.
CANALICULI
Connective tissue that transports O2 & nutrients to tissues, carry away carbon dioxide & other products for disposal.
BLOOD
White Blood Cells
LEUKOCYTES
Red Blood Cells
ERYTHROCYTES
Platelets
THROMBOCYTES
Connective tissue specialized for storage of fat.
ADIPOSE TISSUE
Tissue specialized for contraction & generation of force.
MUSCLE TISSUE
Muscle tissue that surrounds hollow internal organs.
SMOOTH MUSCLE
Muscle tissue in the walls of the heart, circulates blood to all body parts.
CARDIAC MUSCLE
Muscle tissue attached to bony skeleton & moves body parts relative to one another.
SKELETAL MUSCLE
Tissue specialized for processing information & regulating the function of many body systems.
NERVOUS TISSUE
Structure composed of 2 or more tissues & carries out multiple functions.
ORGAN