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19 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
organic chemistry
the study of carbon compounds
an organic molecule consisting of only carbon + hydrogen
one of several organic compunds w/ the same molecular formula but different structures, and therefore different properties.
structural isomer
Compounds that have the same molecular formula but differ in the covalent arangements of their atoms
geometric isomer
compuinds that have the same molecular formula but differ in the spatial arangements of their atoms
molecules that are mirror images of eachother
functional group
a specific configuration of atoms commonly atached to the carbon skeletons of organic molecules and usually involved in chemical reactions
hydroxyl group
a functional group consisting of a hydrogen atom joined to an oxygen atom by a polar covalent bond. Molecules possesing this group are soluble in water and are called alcohols
organic compund containing hydroxyl groups
carbonyl group
a functional group present in aldehydes and ketones and consiting of a carbon atom double-bonded to an oxygen atom.
an organic molecule with a carbonyl group located at the end of the carbon skeleton
an organic compound w/ a carbonyl group of which the carbon atom is bonded to 2 other carbon atoms
carboxyl group
a functional group present in organic acids and consisting of a single carbon atom double-bonded to an oxygen atom and also bonded to a hydroxyl group
carboxylic acid
an organic compund containing a carboxyl group
amino group
a functiaonl group that consists of a nitrogen atom bonded 2 hydrogen atoms; can act as a base in a solution, accepting a hydrogen ion and aquiring a charge of +1
an organic compund w/ 1 or more amino groups
sulfhydryl group
a functional group consisting of a sulfur atom bonded to a hydrogen atom
organic compounds contating sulfhydryl groups
phosphate group
a functiaonl group important to energy transfer