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18 Cards in this Set

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Compounds containing carbons - specializes in this study
Organic chemistry
Carbon atom acts as an intersect point from which a molecule can branch off in up to four directions - makes large, complex molecules possible
Organic molecules consisting only of carbon and hydrogen - major components of petroleum, fats - store large amounts of energy
Compounds that have the same molecular formula but different structures
Differ in the covalent arrangements of their atoms - also differ in the location of double bonds
Structural isomers
Have the same covalent partnerships, but they differ in their spatial arrangements - inflexibility of double bonds - look for double bonds
Geometric isomers
Molecules that are mirror images of each other
The components of organic molecules that are most commonly involved in chemical reactions
Functional groups
A hydrogen atom is bonded to an oxygen atom, which is then bonded to the carbon skeleton of the organic molecule
Hydroxel group
Organic compounds containing hydroxel groups
Carbon atom joined to an oxygen atom by a double bound
Carbonyl Group
Double-bonded to a carbon atom that is also bonded to a hydroxyl group - source of hydrogen ions
Carboxyl Group
Compounds containing Carboxyl groups
Carboxylic acids (organic acids)
A nitrogen atom bonded to two hydrogen atoms and to the carbon skeleton
Amino Group
Organic compounds of the Amino Group
Sulfer atom bonded to a hydrogen atom - organic compounds containg a hydrogen atom - maintains protein shape
Sulfhydryl Group
Organic compounds of Sulfhydryl groups
Phosphate ion covalently attatched by one of its oxygen atoms to the carbon skeleton - the transfer of energy between organic molecules [high energy bonds (ATP)]
Phosphate Group