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18 Cards in this Set

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Compounds containing carbons - specializes in this study
Organic chemistry
Carbon atom acts as an intersect point from which a molecule can branch off in up to four directions - makes large, complex molecules possible
Tetravalence
Organic molecules consisting only of carbon and hydrogen - major components of petroleum, fats - store large amounts of energy
Hydrocarbons
Compounds that have the same molecular formula but different structures
Isomers
Differ in the covalent arrangements of their atoms - also differ in the location of double bonds
Structural isomers
Have the same covalent partnerships, but they differ in their spatial arrangements - inflexibility of double bonds - look for double bonds
Geometric isomers
Molecules that are mirror images of each other
Enantiomers
The components of organic molecules that are most commonly involved in chemical reactions
Functional groups
A hydrogen atom is bonded to an oxygen atom, which is then bonded to the carbon skeleton of the organic molecule
Hydroxel group
-OH
Organic compounds containing hydroxel groups
Alcohols
Carbon atom joined to an oxygen atom by a double bound
Carbonyl Group
>CO
Double-bonded to a carbon atom that is also bonded to a hydroxyl group - source of hydrogen ions
Carboxyl Group
-COOH
Compounds containing Carboxyl groups
Carboxylic acids (organic acids)
A nitrogen atom bonded to two hydrogen atoms and to the carbon skeleton
Amino Group
-NH2
Organic compounds of the Amino Group
Amines
Sulfer atom bonded to a hydrogen atom - organic compounds containg a hydrogen atom - maintains protein shape
Sulfhydryl Group
-SH
Organic compounds of Sulfhydryl groups
Thiols
Phosphate ion covalently attatched by one of its oxygen atoms to the carbon skeleton - the transfer of energy between organic molecules [high energy bonds (ATP)]
Phosphate Group
-OPO23