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12 Cards in this Set

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Levels of structural organization in the body
Chemical

Cellular

Tissue

Organ

System

Organism
Anatomical Position:
Standing up with feet together and palms forward
Anatomical Terms
Superior
Toward the head.

Inferior
Away from the head.

Proximal
Closer to the point of attachment to the trunk.

Distal
Farther from the point of attachment to the trunk.

Superficial
Closer to the body surface.

Deep
Farther from the body surface.

Medial
Toward the midline of the body

Lateral
Away from the midline of the body.

Anterior
Front

Posterior
Back
Sagittal plane
Divides the body into right and left halves. Midsagittal divides the body right down the middle into equal halves, and parasagittal divides the body into unequal parts.
Frontal plane
Divides the body into front and back.
Transverse plane
Divides the body into superior (top) and inferior (bottom) parts
Cytoplasm
The cytoplasm is everything inside the cell, except for the nucleus.
Golgi Complex
Packs cell products into a membrane and then secretes them outside of the cell
Cell Membrane
Bilayer of phospholipids. Also has proteins along it that serve many different functions
Centriole

Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
Has ribosomes on the surface that make proteins
Membranous Organelles
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Vacuoles
Lysosomes
Peroxisomes (oxidize harmful substances
Golgi Complex
Mitochondria
Nucleus Membrane
Non-Membranous Organelles
Ribosomes
Cytoskeleton
Centrosome
Flagella (Movement of Cell)
Cilia (Movement of materials past the cell's surface)
Inclusions