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131 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Chlordiazepoxide
long acting BZD
Clorazepate
long acting BZD
Diazepam
long acting BZD
Flurazepam
long acting BZD
Prazepam
long acting BZD
Temazepam
short acting BZD
Triazolam
short acting BZD
Lorazepam
short acting BZD
Oxazepam
short acting BZD
Alprazolam
short acting BZD
Phenobarbital
long acting barbiturate
Thiopental
ultra-short acting barbiturate
Pentobarbital
intermediate acting barbiturate
Secobarbital
intermediate acting barbiturate
4 Non-BZD Non-barbituric for anxiety & sleep disorders
Buspirone Antihistamines beta-blockers Zolpidem
Imipramine
TCA
Amitriptyline
TCA
Desipramine
TCA
Nortriptyline
TCA
Doxepin
TCA
Protriptyline
TCA
Clomipramine
TCA
Bupropion
heterocyclic
Venlafaxine
heterocyclic
Trazodone
heterocyclic
Fluoxetine
SSRI
Sertraline
SSRI
Paroxetine
SSRI
Fluvoxamine
SSRI
Phenelzine
MAOI
Isocarboxazide
MAOI
Tranylcypromine
MAOI
Chlorpromazine
low potency APD
Thioridazine
low potency atypical APD
Haloperidol
high potency APD
Clozapine
medium potency atypical APD
Risperidone
high potency atypical APD
Olanzapine
high potency atypical APD
Lithium
mood stabilizing drug
Carbamazepine
anti-convulsant anti-manic mood stabilizing
Valproic acid
anti-convulsant anti-manic mood stabilizing
Clonazepam
sedative acute anti-manic effects
Phenytoin
partial and general ton-clonic anti-seizure
Carbamazepine
partial and general ton-clonic anti-seizure
Phenobarbital
partial and general ton-clonic anti-seizure
Vigabatrin
partial seizures
Lamotrigine
partial seizures
Felbamate
poorly controlled partial seizures
Gabapentin
partial seizures
Topiramate
partial and general ton-clonic anti-seizure
Tiagabine
anti-seizure
Ethosuximide
absence seizures
Valproic acid
absence general tonic-clonic
Trimethadione
absence seizures
Benzodiazepines
anti-seizure
Pregabalin
partial seizures
Levadopa
parkinson’s
Bromocriptine
DA-receptor agonist
Pergolide
DA-receptor agonist
Pramipexole
DA-receptor agonist
Ropinirole
DA-receptor agonist
Selegiline
MAOI for Parkinson’s
Trihexyphenidyl
muscarnic receptor antagonist (parkinson’s)
Benztropene mesylate
muscarnic receptor antagonist (parkinson’s)
Diphenhydramine
muscarnic receptor antagonist (parkinson’s)
Amantadine
antiviral parkinson’s drug
Tolcapone
COMT inhibitor (parkinson’s)
Entacapone
COMT inhibitor (parkinson’s)
Halothane
liquid inhalation general anesthetic
Enflurane
liquid inhalation general anesthetic
Isoflurane
liquid inhalation general anesthetic
Desflurane
liquid inhalation general anesthetic
Sevoflurane
liquid inhalation general anesthetic
Nitrous oxide
gas inhalation general anesthetic
thiopental
intravenous barbiturate general anesthetic
diazepam
intravenous BZD general anesthetic
lorazepam
intravenous BZD general anesthetic
midazolam
intravenous BZD general anesthetic
morphine
intravenous narcotic general anesthetic
fentanyl
intravenous narcotic general anesthetic
Ketamine
dissociative intravenous general anesthetic
Droperidol
“others” intravenous general anesthetic
Etomidate
“others” intravenous general anesthetic
Innovar
droperidol [potent antipsychotic agent] + fentanyl (intravenous general anesthetic)
Propofol
“others” intravenous general anesthetic
6 catagories of intravenous anesthetics
Barbiturates; BZD; narcotics; propofol; ketamine; others
4 stages of anesthesia
analgesia; excitement; surgical anesthesia; medullary depression
Two most reliable indications for stage III
loss of eyelash reflex; regular respiratory pattern
5 pharmacokinetic factors affecting induction of inhaled anesthesia
concentration of gas; pulmonary ventilation; blood solubility; pulmonary blood flow; arteriovenous concentration gradient
5 pharmacokinetic factors affecting elimination of inhaled anesthesia
blood:gas coefficient;
pulmonary blood flow; pulmonary ventilation; solubility in different tissues; rate of drug elimination and metabolism
6 groups of preanesthetic medications
Barbiturates; BZD; penothiazines; narcotics; anti-cholinergics; muscle relaxants
Cocaine
ester local anesthetic
Procaine
short-acting ester local anesthetic
Tetracaine
long-acting ester local anesthetic
Benzocaine
ester local anesthetic
Lidocaine
intermediate-acting amide local anesthetic
Mepivacaine
intermediate-acting amide local anesthetic
Bupivacaine
long-acting amide local anesthetic
Cell types with H1 receptors
endothelial cells; smooth muscle cells; brain
H1 receptor activation results
increase in phosphoinositol hydrolysis and intracellular calcium
Cell types with H2 receptors
gastric mucosa; cardiac muscle cells; mast cells
H2 receptor activity results
increase cAMP formation
H3 receptor activity results
(presynaptic receptor) inhibition of calcium influx = inhibition of transmitter release
Histamine effects in bronchiolar smooth muscle
bronchoconstriction mediated by H1
Histamine effects in secretory tissue
powerful stimulant of gastric acid secretion mediated by H2 receptors on gastric parietal cells
Histamine effects in GI tract smooth muscle
contraction of intestinal smooth muscle mediated by H1
Histamine effects in nervous system
powerful stimulant of sensory nerve endings esp those mediating pain and itching
Chlorpheniramine
first gen H1 receptor antagonist
Diphenhydramine
first gen H1 receptor antagonist
Fexofenadine
second gen H1 receptor antagonist
Loratadine
second gen H1 receptor antagonist
6 classes of first gen H1 antagonists
ethanolamines; ethylenediamines; piperazines; alkylamines; phenothiazines; piperidines
2 classes of second gen H1 antagonists
piperidines
4 modulators of stomach gastric acid secretion
cephalic-vagal axis; gastric distension; mucosal chemical receptors; presence of acid
Cimetidine
imidazole quanidine H2 receptor antagonist
Ranitidine
guanidine H2 receptor antagonist
Famotidine
H2 receptor antagonist
Nizatidine
H2 receptor antagonist
Omeprazole
irreversible H+/K+ ATPase inhibitor (gastric proton pump)
Sucralfate
mucosal protectant (nonabsorbable aluminum salt of sucrose sulfate)
Colloidal bismuth compounds
mucosal protectant
Misoprostol
cytoprotective agent
FDA approved method of H. pylori treatment
clarithromycin (macrolide) and omeprazole (proton pump inhibitor)
Other H. pylori treatments
metronidazole; tetracycline; and/or amoxicillin with a H2 receptor blocker or a proton pump inhibitor
Sulfasalazine
drug for inflammatory bowel disease (5-aminosalicylic acid [5-ASA] + sulfapyridine linked by azo bond)
3 types of immunosuppressive agents used in inflammatory bowel disease
corticosteroids; cytotoxins; infliximab
Hydrocortisone
a corticosteroid used for inflammatory bowel disease
Azathioprine
cytotoxin used for inflammatory bowel disease
Mercaptopurine
cytotoxin used for inflammatory bowel disease
Cyclosporine
cytotoxin used for infammaotry bowel disease
Infliximab
monoclonal antibody against TNF-alpha used in inflammatory bowel disease