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64 Cards in this Set

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Joint Pub 3-07.2
Joint Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures for Antiterrorism
Combatting terrorism is an element of
force protection
Antiterrorism involves defensive measures used
reduce the vulnerability to terrorist acts
counterterrorism which consists of offensive measures taken to
prevent, deter, and respond to terrorism.
regardless of echelon of command or branch of Service, has an inherent responsibility for
planning, resourcing, training, exercising, and executing antiterrorism measures to provide for the security of the command
Every commander
regardless of rank, has an inherent responsibility to maintain vigilance for possible terrorist actions
military Service member
is responsible for protecting its own personnel, bases,
ships, deployed forces, equipment, and installations.
The Department of Defense
The lead agency for incidents outside the United States
Department of State
for incidents within the
United States
Department of Justice
for certain aviation incidents
Department of Transportation
and/or Federal Aviation Administration
is responsible for
reducing the risk of maritime terrorist incidents and for
manning the National Terrorism Hotline
US Coast Guard
participates at all levels of
foreign and domestic antiterrorism program planning and implementation.
command judge advocate
phase encompasses the planning, resourcing, preventive measures, preparation, awareness
education, and training that take place before a terrorist
phase includes the crisis management actions taken to resolve a terrorist incident.
plan provides the mechanism to ensure readiness against
terrorist attacks
defined as “the
calculated use of violence or threat of
violence to inculcate fear; intended to coerce or to intimidate governments or
societies in the pursuit of goals that are generally political, religious, or
Combatting terrorism involves actions including
antiterrorism (AT) (defensive
measures used to reduce the vulnerability to terrorist acts) and counterterrorism (CT) (offensive measures taken to prevent, deter, and respond to terrorism)
is defensive measures
used to reduce the vulnerability of individuals
and property to terrorist acts, to include limited
response and containment by local military forces.
is offensive measures taken to prevent, deter, and respond
to terrorism.
A critical factor in understanding terrorism is the importance of the
emotional impact of the terrorist act on an audience other than the victim.
A term generally applied
to the killing of prominent persons and symbolic enemies as well as traitors who
defect from the group.
an overt seizure of one or more individuals
with the intent of gaining publicity or other
concessions in return for release of the hostage.
Hostage Taking
is usually a covert seizure of one or more specific persons in order to extract specific demands.
is normally carried out to produce a spectacular hostage situation.
Less dramatic than most tactics, has the advantage of low risk to the perpetrator and requires only a low level of technical knowledge.
The improvised explosive
device (IED) is the terrorist’s weapon of
usually involves a
building or object that has value in the eyes of the audience
to gain access to radio
or television broadcast capabilities in order
to make a statement; to demonstrate the government’s inability to secure critical
facilities or national symbols; or to acquire
Raids or Attacks on Facilities
incidents is to demonstrate how vulnerable society is to terrorist actions.
False alarms dull the analytical and operational efficiency of key security personnel, thus degrading readiness.
Terrorist groups are
categorized by
government affiliation
A terrorist group that operates autonomously, receiving no significant
support from any government
A terrorist group that generally operates independently but receives support from one or more governments; e.g., Popular
Front for the Liberation of Palestine
A terrorist group that operates as an agent of a government, receiving
substantial intelligence, logistic, and operational support from the sponsoring
government; e.g., Abu Nidal organization
Larger terrorist groups (100 or more members) normally have a
central command and control element with one or
more subordinate elements
Smaller groups (50 or fewer members) may have a
single command element that directly controls all of the operational and support cells
regardless of where they are established.
Terrorist groups often structure themselves in a manner similar
to military organizations
complicates security
force intelligence efforts and creates confusion in determining the decision
The active, operational cadre are the doers
the men and women who carry
out terrorist attacks and train others
Active supporters
do not actually
commit violent acts but assist the
terrorists by providing money,
intelligence, legal or medical services, and/or safe houses or forged documents.
are the most difficult to define and identify. Most of
these people are sympathetic to the terrorist group’s cause, but will not assume an active role due to fear of
reprisal if exposed or identified
Passive supporters
They believe that their cause
is so noble or worthy that it may be promoted by any means, including the use of terror
commit terrorist acts for personal gain rather than
Criminals or professionals
who commit terrorist acts often believe that they have some special mandate from a deity
Emotionally or mentally disturbed people
One reason some terrorist groups target the United States and its citizens is
ideological differences
When Americans are abducted
overseas, the United States will look to the
host government to exercise its responsibility under international law
is the lead agency for
response to terrorism outside the United States, other than incidents on US flag vessels in international waters.
is the lead agency for
domestic terrorism
is the lead for operational
response to terrorist incidents
serve as the lead agency for terrorist incidents that
occur aboard an aircraft in flight within US jurisdiction
DOT and/or FAA
is responsible, within the limits of US territorial seas, for reducing the risk of a maritime terrorist incident
US Coast Guard (USCG)
captured terrorists are not afforded the protection
criminal prosecution attendant ton prisoner of war status
The Federal Government has received all of the authority of the state
Exclusive jurisdiction
The Federal Government and the state each have the same authority
Concurrent Jurisdiction
The Federal Government exercises some authority and the state exercises some authority
Partial Jurisdiction
The Federal Government has acquired an interest in, or title to, property but has no legislative jurisdiction over it
Proprietorial Jurisdiction
assists the President in
formulating US policy for dealing with
terrorist acts and advises the President on
terrorist threats that endanger US interests.
The National Security
condition applies when there is a general threat of possible terrorist activity against personnel and facilities, the nature and extent of which are unpredictable
This condition applies when an increased and more predictable threat of terrorist activity exists. The measures in this THREATCON
must be capable of being maintained for weeks without causing undue hardship,
affecting operational capability, and aggravating relations with local authorities
This condition applies when an incident occurs or intelligence is received indicating some form of terrorist action against personnel and facilities is imminent. Implementation
of measures in this THREATCON for more than a short period probably will create
hardship and affect the peacetime activities
of the unit and its personnel.
This condition applies in the immediate area where a terrorist attack has occurred or when intelligence has been received that terrorist action against a specific location or person is likely. Normally, this THREATCON is declared as a localized
is a continual process of compiling and examining all available information concerning potential terrorist activities by terrorist groups which could target a facility.
threat analysis
Information of potential intelligence value that is available to the general public
open-source intelligence.
An agreement which defines the legal position of a visiting military force deployed in the territory of a
friendly state
status-of-forces agreement.