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23 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What type of disease is Malaria?
Parasitic
What vector transmits Malaria to humans?
Misquito
Where does the malaria first infect?
Injected into bloodstream and invades liver
After the invasion of the liver, what is the next target of infection?
RBC
What happens to the RBCs after they become infected with malaria?
Burst and release pyrogenic agents
What is the most common form of Malaria?
Vivax Malaria
What is the most severe form of Malaria?
Falciparum Malaria
What are some characteristics of Faciparum Malaria?
Drug resistant
Urine Darkens
Treatment of acute attack prevents further episodes
What are some characteristics of Vivax Malaria?
Mild Symptoms
Relapse is likely following treatment of acute attack
The Hepatic Form of Malaria is the easier to treat than the Erythrocyte form.
T or F
False
The Hepatic Form is the hardest to treat
What type of Malaria remains dormant in the liver and needs a radical cure the fully treat it?
Vivax Malaria
What does the prophylaxis of malaria prevent?
Infection of the erythrocytes
What is drug is used to treat acute attacks by both types of malaria?
Chloroquine
Chloroquine (is/isn't) active against the hepatic form of the malaria parasite.
Isn't
What are the adverse effects of Chloroquine?
Visual Disturbances
Pruritus
Headache
GI effects
How is Chloroquine administered?
PO or IM
What drug is effective against hepatic forms of Vivax malaria?
Primaquine
What are the adverse effects of Primaquine?
Hemolysis
What is Quinine used to treat?
Chloroquine-resistant malaria
What forms of malaria is Quinine effective against?
Erythrocytic Forms
What are the adverse effects of Quinine?
Mild Cinchonism
Hemolysis
Tachycardia
Hypoglycemia
Category X
IV- Hypotension and acute circulatory failure
What drug is used for the prophylaxis of chloroquine-resistant malaria?
Mefloquine
What are the adverse effects of Mefloquine?
CNS toxicity