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32 Cards in this Set

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what is the difference b/t 1st and 2nd generation antihistamines?
1st generation antihistamines have sedative effects in the CNS

and also antimuscarinic side effects: dry mouth, dry eyes
tripelennamine
1st gen antihistamine
diphenhydramine
1st gen antihistamine
carbinoxamine
1st gen antihistamine
chlorpheniramine
1st gen antihistamine
brompheniramine
1st gen antihistamine
triprolidine
1st gen antihistamine
hydroxyzine
1st gen antihistamine
cyproheptadine
1st gen antihistamine
promethazine
1st gen antihistamine
azelastine
nasal topical antihistamine

1. allergic rhinitis
olopatadine
ocular topical antihistamine
levocabastine
ocular topical antihistamine
cisapride
serotonin receptor agonist

1. GERD - helps with stomach emptying by increasing GI motility
metoclopramide
serotonin receptor agonist

1. increase GI motility (used in peds)
triptans
serotonin receptor agonist

1. migraine - stimulate vasoconstriction in cranial vasculature
cyproheptadine
serotonin receptor blocker
H1 antagonist

1. counteracts hyperactivity due to carcinoid syndrome
2. post-gastrectomy dumping syndrome (slows GI motility)
ondansetran
serotonin receptor blocker

1. anti-nausea with chemotherapy
sumatriptan
serotonin receptor agonist

1. migraine - stimulate vasoconstriction in cranial vasculature
zeulitin (Zyflo)
LT receptor blocker


not used much
unpopular b/c of large doses
FLAP inhibitor
zafirlukast (Accolate)
LT receptor blocker

problematic - drug interactions and liver problems

not used much
montelucast
LT receptor blocker - extraordinarily successful

1. asthma (prophylactic antiinflammatory drug)
2. chronic allergic rhinitis
claritin
2nd gen antihistamine
zyrtec
2nd gen antihistamine
fexofinadine
=allegra.
2nd gen antihistamine
Cetirizine
=zyrtec
2nd gen antihistamine
loratadine
=claritin
2nd gen antihistamine
chlorpheniramine
first gen antihistamine
dimenhydrinate
first gen antihistamine
dihydroergotamine
first gen antihistamine
misoprostil
LTE4 analog
increases stomach mucus production

the french abortion pill
latanoprost
prostaglandin analog