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36 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Gram stain of Clostridium difficile?
Gram (+) rod
Gram stain of Clostridium perfringens?
Gram (+) rod
Gram stain of S. Viridans?
Gram (+) cocci (chain)
Gram stain of Pseudomonas aeroginosa?
Gram (-) rod, non-lactose fermenter
Gram stain of Staph. epidermis?
Gram (+) cocci, cluster, coagulase (-)
Gram stain of Bacteroids fragilis?
Gram negative rod
C. difficile is most often seen clinically as ___?
pseudomembranous colitis
S. viridians is most often seen clinically as ____?
dental work-related SBE
Enterococcus Faecium is most often seen clinically as ___?
VRE
Staph epidermis is most often seen clinically as ___?
line infections
Bacteroids fragilis is most often seen clinically as ___?
septic abortion, aspiration pneumonia, pelvic abscess
3 examples of bacteria with defective cell walls?
Chlamydia, Mycoplasma, Rickettsia
Clostridium perfringens is most commonly seen clinically as ___?
gas gangrene
C. difficile: aerobe or anaerobe?
C. diff is an anaerobe
B. fragilis: aerobe or anaerobe?
Bacteroids fragilis is an anaerobe
Ticarcillin should be used cautiously in what pt. population?
CHF (has a high Na+ load)
Examples of 1st generation cephalosporins?
Cefazolin, cephalexin
Examples of 2nd generation cephalosporins?
Cefotetan, Cefoxitin, Cefuroxime
Examples of 3rd generation cephalosporins?
Ceftriaxone, ceftazidime, cefotaxime
Which cephalosporin is associated with acalculous cholestasis and bilirubin displacement from albumin?
ceftriaxone
Examples of 4th generation cephalosporins?
Cefepime
Name 3 examples of antibiotics that work by inhibiting cell wall synthesis
PCNs, cephalosporins, Vancomycin
Name 2 examples of antibiotics which inhibit bacterial DNA
fluoroquinolines, flagyl
Name 4 examples of antibiotics which work by inhibiting protein synthesis
aminoglycosides, clindamycin, macrolides, tetracyclines
Name 2 examples of antibiotics which are antimetabolites
sulfonamides, trimethoprim
Name 3 examples of antibiotics which work by disrupting cell membranes
amphotericin B, ketaconazole, nystatin
Example of beta-lactam antibiotics?
PCNs, cephalosporins, carbapenems (imipenem), monobactams (aztreonam)
Uses for natural PCN?
mostly G(+), mostly streptococci (most mouth anaerobes)
Uses for PCNase-resistant PCNs?
Most streptococci; beta-lactamase producing S. aureus; not good for gram (-)
Examples of PCNase-resistant PCNs?
Nafcillin, Oxacillin
Examples of aminopenicillins?
Ampicillin, Amoxacillin
Uses for aminopenicillins?
Most streptococci, basic G(-) coverage
Name 2 aminopenicillins that have some G(+)/G(-) coverage but are not effective against beta lactamase producing organisms
Ampicillin, Amoxacillin
Name 2 aminopenicillin preparations that have some G(+)/G(-) coverage and are effective against beta lactamase producing organisms
Ampicillin/sulbactam (Unasyn), Amoxacillin/Clavulanate (Augmentin)
Examples of Anti-pseudomonas PCNs?
ticarcillin, piperacillin
Uses of anti-pseudomonas PCNs?
G(-) rod bacteria, especially pseudomonas; aminopenicillin-resistant Proteus