Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/113

Click to flip

113 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
name 5 classes of antibiotics
1.aminoglycosides 2.cephalosporins 3.quinolones/fluroquinolones 4.vancomycin 5.macrolides
how antibiotics work
1.protein synthesis 2.nucleic acid 3.cell wall 4.cell membrane 5.metabolic reactions
problems with antibiotics
1.resistance 2.superinfection 3.anaphylaxis 4.toxicity 5.ab's in food supply
sulfonamides (examples)
sulfanilamide sulfamethoxazole
isoniazid (examples)
none
metronidazole (examples)
none
chloroquine (examples)
primaquine
fluoroquinolones (examples)
ciprofloxacin enoxacin
penicillins (examples)
penicillin-G ampicillin amoxicillin nafcillin oxacillin
cephalosporins (examples)
cephalothin cephalexin
aminoglycosides (examples)
gentamicin neomycin amikacin streptomycin
chloramphenicol (examples)
none
tetracyclines (examples)
chlortetracycline oxytetracycline doxycycline minocycline
macrolides (examples)
erythromycin clarithromycin azithromycin
vancomycin (examples)
none
rifampin (examples)
rifapentine
clindamycin (examples)
lincomycin
bacitracin (examples)
none
polymyxin (examples)
none
spectinomycin (examples)
none
moxalactam (examples)
imipenem
nystatin (examples)
none
griseofulvin (examples)
none
amphotericin B (examples)
none
imidazoles (examples)
clotrimazole ketoconazole
sulfonamides (source)
synthetic
isoniazid (source)
synthetic
metronidazole (source)
synthetic
chloroquine (source)
synthetic
fluoroquinolones (source)
synthetic
penicillins (source)
penicillium notatum penicillium chrysogenum synthetic semisynthetic
cephalosporins (source)
cephalosporium semisynthetic
aminoglycosides (source)
micromonospora species streptomyces species
chloramphenicol (source)
streptomyces venezuelae
tetracyclines (source)
streptomyces species semisynthetic
macrolides (source)
streptomyces erythraeus semisynthetic
vancomycin (source)
streptomyces orientalis
rifampin (source)
streptomyces mediterranei semisynthetic
clindamycin (source)
streptomyces lincolnesis
bacitracin (source)
bacillus subtilis
polymyxin (source)
bacillus polymyxa
spectinomycin (source)
streptomyces spectabilis
moxalactam (source)
chromobacter violaceum
nystatin (source)
streptomyces noursei
griseofulvin (source)
penicillium janczewski
amphotericin B (source)
streptomyces nodosus
imidazoles (source)
synthetic
sulfonamides (spectrum)
broad
isoniazid (spectrum)
tubercle bacilli
metronidazole (spectrum)
trichomonas vaginalis
chloroquine (spectrum)
plasmodium species
fluoroquinolones (spectrum)
broad
penicillins (spectrum)
broad (esp gram+)
cephalosporins (spectrum)
broad (esp gram+)
aminoglycosides (spectrum)
broad (esp gram-)
chloramphenicol (spectrum)
broad (esp typhoid bacilli)
tetracyclines (spectrum)
broad (rickettsiae, chlamydiae, gram-)
macrolides (spectrum)
broad (mycoplasma gram+)
vancomycin (spectrum)
gram+ (esp staphylococci)
rifampin (spectrum)
tubercle bacilli (gram-)
clindamycin (spectrum)
gram+
bacitracin (spectrum)
gram+ (esp staphylococci)
polymyxin (spectrum)
gram- (esp wounds)
spectinomycin (spectrum)
gonococci
moxalactam (spectrum)
broad
nystatin (spectrum)
fungi (esp candida albicans)
griseofulvin (spectrum)
fungi (esp superficial infections)
amphotericin B (spectrum)
fungi (esp systemic infections)
imidazoles (spectrum)
fungi (esp superficial infections)
sulfonamides (impedes)
folic acid metabolism
isoniazid (impedes)
cell wall synthesis
metronidazole (impedes)
cell metabolism
chloroquine (impedes)
cell metabolism
fluoroquinolones (impedes)
dna synthesis
penicillins (impedes)
cell wall synthesis
cephalosporins (impedes)
cell wall synthesis
aminoglycosides (impedes)
protein synthesis
chloramphenicol (impedes)
protein synthesis
tetracyclines (impedes)
protein synthesis
macrolides (impedes)
protein synthesis
vancomycin (impedes)
cell wall synthesis
rifampin (impedes)
rna synthesis
clindamycin (impedes)
protein synthesis
bacitracin (impedes)
cell wall synthesis
polymyxin (impedes)
cell membrane function
spectinomycin (impedes)
protein synthesis
moxalactam (impedes)
protein synthesis(?)
nystatin (impedes)
cell membrane function
griseofulvin (impedes)
nucleic acid synthesis
amphotericin B (impedes)
cell membrane function
imidazoles (impedes)
inhibit sterol synthesis
sulfonamides (effect)
kidney and liver damage, allergic reactions
isoniazid (effect)
liver damage
metronidazole (effect)
tumors in mice
chloroquine (effect)
eye damage
fluoroquinolones (effect)
few reported
penicillins (effect)
allergic reactions, selection of penicillinase producing strains
cephalosporins (effect)
occasional allergic reactions
aminoglycosides (effect)
hearing defects, kidney damage
chloramphenicol (effect)
aplastic anemia, gray syndrome
tetracyclines (effect)
destruction of natural flora, discoloration of teeth, stunted bones
macrolides (effect)
gastrointestinal distress
vancomycin (effect)
ear, kidney damage
rifampin (effect)
liver damage
clindamycin (effect)
pseudomembranous colitis
bacitracin (effect)
kidney damage
polymyxin (effect)
kidney damage
spectinomycin (effect)
few reported
moxalactam (effect)
few reported
nystatin (effect)
few reported
griseofulvin (effect)
occasional allergic reactions
amphotericin B (effect)
fever, gastrointestinal destress
imidazoles (effect)
few reported