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38 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Age grade
a category of people of the same sex and approx. the same age who share a set of duties and privileges
Age set
named grouping of individuals of approx. the same age which persist for the lifetime of those individuals
animal husbandry
breeding, care and use of herd animals such as sheep, goats, camels, cattle, yaks
cattle complex
east african socioeconomic system in which cattle represents social status as well as weath
a group that claims but cannot traecc precisely their descent from a common ancestor
economic stratification
the segmentation of society along lines of access to resources
horizontal migration
nomadic pattern characterized by regular movement over a large area in search of pasture
nomadic pastoralism
the strategy of moving the heards that are one's livelihood from pasture to pasture as the seasons and circumstances require
human constructed fertile area in an arid region
sedentary pastoralism
animal husbandry that does not involve mobility
segmentary lineage
descent group in which minimal lineages are encompassed as segments of minor lineages, minor lineages, as segments of major lineages and so on
specialized pastoralism
adaptive strategy of near exclusive reliance on animal husbandry
seasonal movement of livestock between upland and lowland
administrative system
20th century system of ownership in which land is owned and managed by the state; found in China, the former Soviet Union, and some parts of Africa and Latin America
unpaid labor lieu of taxation, usually on road construction and maintenance
domestic cycle
changes in the houshold organization that results from a series of demographic events
extended family
multiple family unit incorporating adults of two or more generation
domestic residential group whose members live together in intimate contact, rear children, share the proceeds of labor, and other resources held in common, and in general, cooperate on a day to day basis
fallow time
the time required for soils to regain nutrients following planting; industrial farming has greatly shortened this time leasing to increased production
an increase in the product derived from the unit of land or labor
patrilocal residence
residence of a married couple with or near the husband's kin
farmers who lack control over the means of their production the land, other resources, the capital, they need to grow their crops and the labor they contribute to the process
working land owned by others for a share of the yield
stem family
the basic coresidential unit in an extended family. Among the Tamang of Nepal, the stem family is the mother, father, and younger son (other children move out upon mariage)
structural adjustment
Economic sources that can be sustained without long term depletion, such as some forms of water power or solar powerm as opposed to energy sources which once harvested are no longer available such as coal or oil
concentration of political and economic decisions in the hands of a few individuals or institution
dependency theory
Andre Gunter Frank who argued that massive poverty in the underdeveloped world is caused by large, developed countries keeping poorer countries dependent through selling ras materials and labor while importing manufactured goods
developement anthroplogy
Employment of anthropological theory and findings to have a practical and ameliorating effect on the lives of people
organization in seperate units for various activities and purposes
due to recent developments in communication and transportation, people all over the world are coming to share similar aspirations, cultural codes, and patterns of consumption
impact assessment
measuring the social, economic, or cultural impacts of development efforts
an increase in the product derived from a unit of land or labor
modernization theory
the theory that societied modernizeor develop through specific stages driven by entreperneurial values and access to capital
the tendency of populations to cluster in settlements of increasing size and density
the limited range of activities in wich a single individual is likely to be engaged
the division of a society into groups that have degrees of access to resources and power
structural adjustment
economic reforms directed to eliminating subsidies and encouraging market forces often involving privatization of previously state-owned enterprises
sustained energy
energy sources that can be sustained without long term depletion such as some forms of water power or solar power as opposed to energy sources which one harvested are no longer available such as coal or oil