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15 Cards in this Set

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holistic/holism
in anthropology an approach that considers cultre, history, language, and biology essential to a complete understanding of human society.
society
a group of people who depend on one another for survival or well-being as well as the relationships amoung such people, including their status and roles
culture
the learned behaviors and symbols that allow people to livee in groups. the primary means by which humans adapt to their environments. The way of life characteristic of a pariticular human society.
cultural anthropology
the study of human though, meaning, and behavior that is learned rather than genetically transmitted, and that is typical of groups of people.
ethnohistory
description of cultural past based on written records, interviews, and archaeology.
linguistic anthropology
a branch of linguistics concerned with understanding langualge and its realtion to culture.
historical linguists
study relationships amoung languages to better understand the histories and migrations of those who speak them.
prehistoric
societies for which we have no usable written records
archaeology
the subdicipline of anthropology that focuses on the reconstruction of past cultures based on their material remains.
artifact
any object made or modiefied by human beings. Generally used to refer to objects made by past cultures.
features
artifacts that cannot easily be moved, such as ruins of buildings, burials, and fire pits.
urban archaeology
the archaeological investigation of current-day cities.
cultural resource management (CRM)
the protection and manament of archaeological, archival, and architectural resources.
biological or physical anthropology
the subdiscipline of anthropology that studies people from a biological perspective, focusing primarily on aspects of humandkind that are geneticallly inherited. It includes osteology, nutirition,demogtaphy, epidemiology, and primatology.
paleoanthopology
the subdiscipline of anthropology concerened with tracing the evolution of humand kind in fossil record.