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18 Cards in this Set

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Describe Piltdown
Charles Dawson
1911
HOAX
back of the skull and jaw fragment
not conclusively matched
supposedly eonathropus dawsonii
anatomically modern to human skull size and thickness
Describe Pithecanthropus
1890's
Java Man (Java Island off Indonesia)
Skull cap and femur fragment found separately, not conclusively related
Skull capis 900 cc but 2 times as thick as modern humans
Dubois
Pithecanhropus erectus
developed body, primitive head
Linguistic Hypothesis
Brace
As the jaw bone got smaller, the roof of the mouth raised allowing for a spherical pharynx which provided for more complicated speech
Structural Reduction Hypothesis
As technology replaced the use of teeth as tools, the jaw bone became a vestigial bone. The teeth became smaller and the jaw became smaller because the uses were fewer and less strenuous.
Replacement Hypothesis
When anatomically modern humans formed, they began to spread across the earth and as they entered europe and asia they pushed out and caused the extinction of homo erectus and neandertals. Therefore in the lineage of modern humans, their direct ancestors are homo sapiens, those that originated at the tip of africa.
Mitochondrial Eve Theory
There is a common link between neandertals and homo spaiens that diverged 150,000 to 100,000 years ago.
Sexual Division of Labor
Women tend to forage for food, put out nets and set traps.
Men tend to do the more fierce hunting and spearing.
Contiental Race
All current races are indirectly connected to each other. Homo sapien races evolved from Homo erectus in Asia, Africa and Europe creating the three dominant racial categories today.
Hypodescent
A population of different ethnic groups are arranged by status in a caste system. Those born into this system that are of mixed levels are placed at the lowest level to keep the rest as pure as possible. Therefore race is based on cultural rather than biological diversity
Band
Small group of hunter gatherers who live and work in a community. Mostly composed of interelated by marriage or birth families of less than 100 people. Where people generally move between with relation to other memebers of their family. Members usually marry outside their band.
Neoteny
Individuals retain features that are characteristic of the juvenille in a race because the features are beneficial at a mature age as well.

exp. hair, framen magnum, etc.
Oldowan
Oldest known tools.
2.5 million years ago.
core tools. choppers, hammers and flakes.
related with habilius
Acheulian
In relation to Homo Erectus
Around 1.5mil-30,000 years old
Hand axe.
core tools
Mousterian
associated with neandertals
prepared core flake tools
100,000-40,000 years ago
Shanidar 4
Body of a neandertal found in Iraq with one normal and one deformed arm. Buried without paint, food, etc. No tree pollen, but flower pollen. Some type of witch doctor.
Homo Erectus
1000cc brain
Brain behind eyes
Large molars
Face is large
Large eyebrow bones
1.5 million to 300,000 years ago
Movement into Europe
Australia
Americas
Africa
Artics
40,000
50,000
30,000
100,000
5000-6,000
Life of
Habilis
Erectus
Neadertal
Sapeins
Before 2 million
Erectus 1.5 million - 300,000
100,000-30,000
100,000- Now