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18 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Adaptation
Change in response to environmental chalenges
Anthropology
the study of all aspects of the human expierience
archaeology
the study of the patterns of behavior and the material record of humans who lived in the past
biological anthroplogy
the study of biological and and biocultural facets of humans and their reletives
catastrophism
the belief that great catstrophies regularly wipe out much of the life on earth
comparitive approach
the practice of comparing features across entities/cultures/organism to elucidate similarities and differences
Cultural anthropology
the study of human culture in all of its complexity
culture
patterns of behavior human societies exibit in their families, relationshgips, religions, laws, and moral codes , songs, art, business, and everyday interaction
ecology
interrelationships beween living organisms and thier environments
ethnography
the focused study of a culture or aspects of a culture
ethnology
the comparitive study of many cultures
fit
having the set of heritable traits that are best suited to existing and reproducing in a given environment
holistic approach
the practice of drawing on all subdisiplines of anthroplogy, as well as other disiplines, to attempt to asnwer questions about humans
natural selection
process by which the better fit variants in apopulation become over represented over time
paleoanthroplogy
study of fossil humans anbd human reletives
paradigm
predominant way of thinking about ideas
parsimony
economy in explanation; the least complex way of explanation
uniformitarianism
the doctorine that geological processes operating in the present have also operated in the same way in the past and will do so in the future