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20 Cards in this Set

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Why study archaeology according to the text's author, Johnson?
- archaeology is 'powerful'
What is the role of theory, and what is the role of method?
- Theory answers the 'why' questions and method the 'how'. They are closely related.
Johnson lists 4 reasons why theory is relevant to archaeology. Explain reason number one.
No. 1 - Justify what we do.
-explain to others and ourselves why our work is important. Each statement made to justify is a theoretical proposition.
What is the second reason Johnson provides as to why theory is relevant to archaeology?
No. 2- Evaluate different interpretations of the past to see which is 'stronger'. -Can't use 'common sense alone'
Eg: Watkins' Ley Lines
Discuss the third reason Johnson gives as to the importance of thoery with respect to archaeology
No. 3- We must be explicit - open about our approaches, biases and reasons. We must be aware of our ASSUMPTIONS as Binford stressed.
What is the fourth and final reason Johnson lists concerning why theory is relevant to archaeology?
No. 4 - We ALL use theory whether we like it or not. We are all theorists. One cannot be 'atheoretical', we are all bound within a theoretical framework. We can't use facts alone to give meaningful accts.
Johnson discusses jargon in chapter one. Recount what he says...
- jargon in eye of beholder.
- arch. is 'new ideas about the past' so using new words is appropriate if it leads one to think in new ways.
Why is theory difficult?
- Firstly, many say one thing (theoretically) and do another in practice
- It requires one think for oneself - abstract ideas
List the four reasons Johnson provides as to why theory is important and relevant to archaeology.
1. Matter of justification
2. Evaluate various interpretations of past to see which is stronger
3. We must be explicit/open about our approaches/biases
4. We are ALL theorists. Use theory to give meaning to past
Can one use facts alone?
No - facts alone do not provide us with a meaningful interpretation of the past. That's where the role of theory comes into play.
Why study archaeology according to the text's author, Johnson?
- archaeology is 'powerful'
What is the role of theory, and what is the role of method?
- Theory answers the 'why' questions and method the 'how'. They are closely related.
Johnson lists 4 reasons why theory is relevant to archaeology. Explain reason number one.
No. 1 - Justify what we do.
-explain to others and ourselves why our work is important. Each statement made to justify is a theoretical proposition.
What is the second reason Johnson provides as to why theory is relevant to archaeology?
No. 2- Evaluate different interpretations of the past to see which is 'stronger'. -Can't use 'common sense alone'
Eg: Watkins' Ley Lines
Discuss the third reason Johnson gives as to the importance of thoery with respect to archaeology
No. 3- We must be explicit - open about our approaches, biases and reasons. We must be aware of our ASSUMPTIONS as Binford stressed.
What is the fourth and final reason Johnson lists concerning why theory is relevant to archaeology?
No. 4 - We ALL use theory whether we like it or not. We are all theorists. One cannot be 'atheoretical', we are all bound within a theoretical framework. We can't use facts alone to give meaningful accts.
Johnson discusses jargon in chapter one. Recount what he says...
- jargon in eye of beholder.
- arch. is 'new ideas about the past' so using new words is appropriate if it leads one to think in new ways.
Why is theory difficult?
- Firstly, many say one thing (theoretically) and do another in practice
- It requires one think for oneself - abstract ideas
List the four reasons Johnson provides as to why theory is important and relevant to archaeology.
1. Matter of justification
2. Evaluate various interpretations of past to see which is stronger
3. We must be explicit/open about our approaches/biases
4. We are ALL theorists. Use theory to give meaning to past
Can one use facts alone?
No - facts alone do not provide us with a meaningful interpretation of the past. That's where the role of theory comes into play.