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66 Cards in this Set

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What is a creation Myth and what does it not do?
A creation myth is a myth that explains the orgins of the world and the inhabitants.
Myth
Scientific Method
A process where the hypothesis is put on trial and tried to be disproved,through experiments and observations.
Method
Theory
a well tested hypothesis that was found to be true.
Truth
Anthropology
The holistic study of people in all places and times
Holistic
What are the four subfeilds of Anthropology?
Physical, archaeology, linguistic and cultural Antropology
PALC
Applied Antropology
A highly debated possible subfeild of Anthropology, where problem solving is the point, not just observing.
Problems
Physical Anthropology
The study of humans in a biological stand point with a consideration to culture. Examples are Criminal justice (forensic anthropology), paleoanthropology, primatology and medical anthropology.
Physical state
Archaeology
Study of what's left in time, using artifacts and imprints in the landscape. Examples are prehistoric, historic and under water archaeology.
artifacts
Cultural Anthropology
Study of modern cultures around the world. Very diverse. Examples are economic, urban, rural and psychological antropology.
culture
Linguistic Anthropology
There are three types, Socio Linguistics, the study of the relationship between culture and language. Structural linguistics, the study of sound systems. Historical linguistics, the study of the emergence of language.
language
Holistic
Study of something in the broadest sense.
Broad
Uniformatarianism
The idea that the processes that changed the earth in the past is still going on today.
past and present
Catastrophist
a beleif that the world was changed over time with a series of catastrophic events.
a series
Creationist
one that believes that a supernatural power is the origin of everything
God
Taxonomy
Created by Carlous Linnaeus and is a system for classification based on similarities and diffrences
classification
Strata (stratum)
Layers of diffrent rock and soil types
rock
Progressive
The idea that
Inheritance of acquired charecteristics
The idea that whatever traits a parent acquires the offspring will too, like a tattoo.
Giraffes
Unilinear
The idea that all cultures go through the same stages in the same order.
uni- all
Multilinear
Diffrent cultures go through diffrent stages, and in diffrent orders.
Diffrences
Ethnocentrism
Judging and acting upon a comparing a diffrent culture in terms of your own.
Judgment
Cultural Relativism
Looking and judging a culture in it's own context. It makes cross cultural comparissons difficult.
Individual
Evolution
chane over time
time
Stasis
The early world view that all aspects of nature are fixed and unchanging.
staying
Importance of Scientific Method
It provided facts and evidence to support the theories
fact
Carolus Linnaeus
He devoloped taxonomy and binomial nominclature i
giraffes and other Animals
Erasmus Darwin
evolutionary theory in poems
poems
Lamarck
First scientist to form his beliefs into a system that explained evolutionary theory. He also supported inheritance of acquired charecteristics
inheritance
Georges Cuvier
Lamarck's opponent, fixity of species
fix
Charles Lyell
proponent of uniformitarionism
uniform
Charles Darwin
Came from a well to do family, became a ships naturalist. Went to the galapagos. he had evidence and feild experience. He proposed natural selection and published the origin of species
Origin of species
Natural selection
The best adapted survive and the environment decides who is the most benificial
fit
Mechanism for natural selection
A trait must be inheirated in order to be important
variation must be there
variation
How much of DNA is active?
2 percent
little
J Vender vs Francis collins
there was a race to decipher the Gnome first
run
Genotype vs phenotype
genotype is the whole thing phenotype is what you see
half
Microevolution
small changes happen to slightly change the populations traits
small
Macroevolution
when the change is so big that the population has turned into a new species
new
Mendels proportions
3:1
Mitochondria
DNA that doesn't split, it is a good way of tracking ancestory. It is passed down only through the mom, the egg.
girl
Somatic cells
everything but egg and sperm
s lot
Gametes
egg and sperm
reproductive cells
amount of chromosomes
23 pairs
46
Mitosis
There is one split and leads to two identical cells
one
Meiosis
Two splits with four diffrent cells
two
DNA and what it's made of
DNA- Deoxyribonucleic acid. It is made of nucleotides and base pairs
ladder
Nucleotide
sugar and phosphate
yum
Base pairs
TA
GC
pairs
Protein
3D molecules that serve a variety of functions through their ability to bind to other molecules. Made of aminoacids. DNA tells the amino acids how to form to make usable proteins
amino acid
Genes
a segment of DNA that dictates the sequence of amino acids in a particular protein
segment
Gregor Mendel 1822- 1884
A monk that lived in what is now Czech republic. He was an accomplished scientist. He studoed how physical traits could be expressed in plant hybrids. He used pea plants.
pea
Mendel's principle of Segregation
Genetic information is passed down from parents in pairs. Members of each pair are sperate so that each gamete has one member of each pair. During fertilization chromosomes and gene pairs are reunited.
long idea
Locus
position on the chromosome where the gene occurs
position
Allele
alternate forms of genes that caused variation. They occur at the same locus, they govern the same traits and becuase genes and alleles are diffrent their action ay result in diffrent expressions of that trait.
expression
Homozygous
the same alleles. Like AA or bb
same
heterozygous
two diffrent alleles. Like Tt
diffrent
Dominant Alleles
prevents the expression of a recessive
dominant
recessive allele
triats ot expressed in heterozygous
can't be in Tt
Codominance
expression of two dominant alleles
pink flowers
Principle of independent assortment
the distribution of one pair of alleles into gametes does not influence the distribution of another pair
independent
Mendelian traits
Influenced by one gene, expression is not usually affected by environment and can sometimes be categorized.
simple
Polygenic
Influenced by more then ne gene expression, it may be affected by the environment and distribution of phenotype is continuos with no categories. like skin
poly
Gene Flow
moving genes between populations
move
Gene Pool
All of the genes in the reproductive population.
pool
Genetic Drift
Change in allele frequency due to random factors like mutation. Usually in a small populations,
drift
Evolution in modern
A change in allele frequency from one generation to the next.
allele