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49 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
primate trends
1) generalized dentition 2) generalized skeleton 3) reduced sense of smell 4) enhanced vision 5) enlarged brain 6) complex social lives
primate classification
1) Suborder Prosimii 2) Suborder Anthropoidea
Suborder Prosimii
1) Superfamily Lemuroidea 2) Superfamily Lorisoidea 3) Superfamily Tarsiodiea
Superfamily Lemurodia
lemurs of Madagascar
Superfamily Lorisoidea
bushbabies and potto of subSaharn Africa & lorises of tropical Asia
Superfamily Tarsiodia
tarsiers of SE Asia
Suborder Anthropoidea
1) Superfamily Ceboidea 2) Superfamily Cercopithecoidea 3) Superfamily Hominodiea
Superfamily Ceboidea
New World monkeys, some with prehensile tails
Superfamily Cercopithecoidea
Old World Monkeys
Family Cercopithecoidea
1) Subfamily Cercopithecinae 2)Colobinae
Subfamily Cercopithecinae
maily fruit-eating monkeys of Africa & Asia, such as guenons, baboons, and macaques
Subfamily Colobinae
meinly leaf-ating monekys of Africa & Asia, such as colobus monkeys & langurs
Superfamily Hominodiea
apes and humans 1) Family Hylobatidae 2) Family Pongidae 3) Family Hominidae
Family Hylobatidae
lesser apes or gibbons, move by brachiation
Family Pongidae
greate apes 1) Pongo pygaeus 2) Gorilla 3) Pan troglodytes 4) Pan paniscus
Pongo pygaeus
organutan of Borneo & Sumatra
gorilla of equatorial Asia
Pan trogodytes
common chimpanzee of equatorial Africa
Pan paniscus
pygmy chimpansee of bonobo of equatorial Africa
Family Hominidae
K-selection v. r-selection
few offspring & invest great amount of parental care vs. large numbers of offspring & invest little parental care
great degree of infant dependence
in most species, infants are carried everywhere from the time they are born
dominance hierarchies
help to organiza social interactions
plays an important role in nonhuman primate social groups
when new male takes over another male's group they sometimes kill all the young
peroid of hormally-induced sexual receptivity
Classification & nomenclature
1) classification 2) Chordata
the ordering of organisms into categories such as order or families
phylum to which humans belong, characterized by presence of a nerve cord along hte bakc and gill slits during the least some developmental stages
Dating techniques
1) relative dating techniques 2) chronometric dating techniques 3) geological time scale
relative dating techniques
indicate only that something is older or more recent than something else
chronometric dating techniques
age estimates in years before present
geological time scale
epochs of Cenozoic:
65-54 mybp
54-38 mybp
38-23 mybp
23-5 mybp
5-2 mybp
2 mybp - 10,000 ybp
Holocene (recent)
10,000 ybp - now
Primate evolution
1) Paleocene 2) Eocene 3)Oligocene 4) Miocene
arachis primates that lack postorbital bar, retain claws, small brains, sideways facing eye sockets
first true primates that have postorbital bar, nails, larger brains, forward facing eye sockets
first anthropoids 1) Parapithecidae 2) Propliopithecidae
genus Apidium: squirrel monkey-sized arboral 4 with three premolars
genus Aegyptopithecus: howler monkey sized anthropoid that is generalized enough to be close the ancestry of both Old world monkeys and hominiods
amjor time of hominoid adaptive radiation 1) Proconsul 2) Sivapithecus
eastern Africa, 23-18 mybp, primitive & generalized arboreal
Siwaliks (asia), 11- 7 mybp, ancestor of the orangutan